The process of osteomalacia in dogs
Osteomalacia is the process when bone tissues lose minerals in their composition, which leads to their softening. It is not necessary to confuse this disease with rickets , because unlike him, only dogs that are older than the year in age become ill with osteomalacia. The reason for the softening is the insufficient amount of vitamin D in the diet, as well as phosphorus and calcium.
It is very important that the feed is balanced. If the dog's food is not thought out by its owner and there is a shortage of vitamin D, the calcium in the stomach of the animal can not be fully assimilated. In this case, the organism of the dog receives not a full complex of useful substances necessary for the health of the animal.
Do not forget about pregnancy, childbirth and lactation of dogs . After all, it is during these periods that dogs not only do not receive useful substances from outside, but they also lose what they already have. After all, the same phosphorus and calcium are simply "washed out" from the mother's body. This is due to the fact that during the pregnancy of the dog, the bone system of fruits is formed. Also, during labor there is an intensive contraction of muscles - which also pulls the lion's share of calcium stores in the dog's body.
Other causes of osteomalacia in dogs
- Acidosis (renal tubules).
- Disbalance in balanced absorption (intestines).
- The process of hypophosphatemia.
- Renal insufficiency.
- The appearance of tumors.
- Poison poisoning (cadmium).
Osteomalacia in dogs: Symptoms
You should know the main symptoms of the disease so as not to start the disease.
The dog begins to limp, there is an upset stomach , possibly losing weight, joints can become inflamed. When you feel the bones of the host, the animal has pain syndrome. Deformity of the extremities, lower jaw, and pelvis is possible.
There are cases when the disease is in such a neglected form that you can see a partial lack of bone on the X-ray.
If a problem such as osteomalacia in dogs has already arisen, the treatment is basically not complicated. The most important is to translate the dog to the correct balanced diet. It is mandatory to use specialized feed additives with a high content of phosphorus, calcium and vitamin D. If the dog is not so long ago, it is necessary to immediately separate the offspring from it and transfer the puppies to artificial feeding.
The main thing is to be an attentive and caring host for a four-legged friend!