Autumn-winter dank days are an ideal time for the multiplication of all kinds of infections. At this time, not only people are sick more often, but also their pets. The dogs are at first risk, because they regularly go on the street and contact other animals. If the owner for recovery is sometimes enough to lie back a couple of days, drinking a few cups of warm tea with honey, then dogs such treatment does not exactly fit.
Coughing in dogs is a serious symptom
People are able to use cough even for communication. Quiet coughing can mean trying to attract attention to yourself or express an attitude towards what was heard. But our coughs are always a symptom of a disease in our pets.
In infectious diseases that affect the respiratory tract, cough occurs in dogs as a protective reflex, which helps to remove mucus, pus and foreign bodies from the nasopharynx, trachea, bronchus. This type of cough is called respiratory.
Cough receptors in our pets are located in the area of the vocal cords, larynx, and also at the junction of the trachea and bronchi. Cough occurs when this zone is irritated chemically or mechanically.
However, sensitive cough regions respond not only to stimulation from the respiratory system. If the organs and tissues next to them are not in order, it can also provoke a cough
For example, this happens when the heart muscle increases as a result of the disease and squeezes the trachea. In short, an accurate and definitive diagnosis should only be made by a veterinarian after an appropriate examination.
A cold in a dog is a rarity.
In the course of evolution, the organism of dogs and cats has learned to easily defeat bacteria, but in the fight against viruses the immune system is still losing much. It is they who most often provoke autumn and winter infections.
At the very beginning of the illness, pus and sputum are not separated. Cough is clear, dry and intense. But if the virus weakened by the virus overcomes the bacteria, the cough becomes deaf and wet. This causes a runny nose, sneezing and purulent discharge of their eyes.
However, before this comes rarely, because simple hypothermia is not enough to so weaken the immunity of the pet. Only a very severe viral infection can lead to such complications.
Disease from nurseries
The only exception is an adenovirus infection that occurs only in dogs. The second name is "nursery" cough, since the disease first appeared in nurseries, where the animals are in conditions of great crowding. But today the dog can catch and walk on contact with other dogs.
The disease is provoked by a group of viruses and bacteria. In this case, bacteria affect the trachea, and viruses - lungs and bronchi. The dog suffers from dyspnoea, becomes sluggish and loses its appetite. Soon a cough appears in the pet. There is a feeling that the dog choked on something. Sometimes the animal spits white foam. For treatment, a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
On a note!
Veterinarians categorize cough in many ways: strength, strength, time of manifestation, timbre and the nature of the secretions. It is important to give the doctor full information about this symptom, because it is not a fact that the pet will cough and at the reception in the clinic.
It is best to fix the moment of coughing on the video camera and show the record to the doctor. In doing so, remember the time when a cough usually occurs: in the morning, after exercise, or throughout the day.
It looks like poisoning
Most often, viral infections pass the respiratory system and affect other organs: liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract. An example of such a disease is infectious gastroenteritis. It is most often picked up by puppies and dogs with weakened immunity. With this disease, the animal suffers from vomiting and diarrhea.
Obviously, the symptoms of infectious gastroenteritis in many ways resemble poisoning. But the mortality from this disease is quite high. Therefore, do not hesitate. When these symptoms appear, it is better to show the dog to the veterinarian.
In the late stages of the disease, discharge often has bloody inclusions and a fetid odor. At the same time, the exhausted dog becomes sluggish, refuses food and drinks, and practically does not move. The temperature with gastroenteritis rarely rises.
The disease is treated with serum, but it does not help all animals, as it can only fight one of the existing strains of the virus. In other cases, it remains to rely only on ancillary medicines and the strength of the pet's own immunity.
In the risk group
Rottweilers, Dobermans, Spaniels and Labradors suffer the most infectious gastroenteritis.
The Dangers of Early Autumn
With warm, but rainy weather, another virus, leptospirosis, is very tenacious. This disease is characteristic of early autumn, late spring and summer. Infection occurs through dirty food and water.
In many respects its symptoms resemble gastroenteritis. But there are differences: the allocation of the animal is not fetid, but the temperature rises in the early days to 39.9 degrees. The mortality of pets from this disease is even higher.
It is important!
Leptospirosis refers to zoonotic infections. This means that he can go from dog to person. The virus does not travel through the air, but it is easily transmitted through the discharge of the diseased animal. Observe the rules of hygiene and keep the room with a sick dog clean.
How to protect a dog
It is in wet, cold weather with temperature changes that infections spread most quickly. Therefore, in the late autumn, winter thaws and the onset of spring, most cases occur. At this time, you must carefully take care of the pet. Also in the risk zone are puppies and adult dogs in a state of stress. It can be provoked by moving, severe hypothermia during walking, changes in diet, deworming, dairy teeth.
Viruses in animals are usually transmitted by direct contact. Especially the probability of infection in places where animals are kept in large quantities is especially high. For example, at exhibitions, especially international ones, and in nurseries. However, a pet can catch an infection through saliva or secretions of his fellow humans.
To save a pet from disease, it is important to reduce its contact with other animals. It is not necessary to visit the common grounds for walking, to carry dogs to exhibitions and club meetings. At this time it is better to walk with the pet alone.
If, however, the animal must visit the exhibition or is forced to meet frequently with other Pmtom people, it is worthwhile to strengthen its immunity with the help of interferons and other immunostimulants. The course of treatment is better to hold before the beginning of the cold season, because the effect does not come immediately. The same applies to vaccinations.
Not all infections of the pet can be planted. But you should not give up vaccination. It will save the animal from a variety of serious illnesses like plague or infectious hepatitis. In this case, other infections will flow easier. Remember that some vaccinations need to be done regularly.
The nutrition of the animal must be balanced. In premium foods, there are all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the health of the dog. Such food will strengthen the immunity of the pet. Regular physical activity and annual intake of vitamins are also helpful.
Do not include in the diet of the pet raw meat, especially pork, and fish. Also, you need to make sure that during the walk the dog does not lift food from the ground.
The person is not affected by most of the infections that are dangerous for dogs, but pathogens can persist on his skin or clothing (some for half a year!) After communicating with the infected animal. In addition, many sickly pets for a long time remain carriers of the virus.
If you are in contact with other animals that have fallen ill or have had the disease, then be sure to wash your hands and change your clothes before returning to your dog.