The dog is endowed with an exceptional sense of smell, especially when compared to man. Suffice it to say that the number of olfactory cells in a dog reaches 225,000,000, whereas a human has only 15,000,000. The olfactory capacity of dogs differs depending on the breed. Champions in this respect, of course, are bloodhounds, while greyhounds, bred for hunting by sight, are less capable of working to distinguish smell.
Nevertheless, any breed of dogs is endowed with physical prerequisites to trace the smell and, therefore, can be trained in the skills of the search service. As for the defensive service, the situation is fundamentally different.
Breeds of dogs are most suitable for carrying a protective service
The selection of these breeds was carried out in such a way that their representatives possessed ideal physical and mental abilities for the protective service. In addition to dry constitution, mobility, springiness, these dogs show a lively temperament, hardiness, excellent vigilance, medium or high aggression and exceptional fighting spirit. Contrary to popular belief, protective dogs should not be overly aggressive.
Otherwise, they would decide when and how to attack the enemy, without waiting for the host team or provocation from the trainer. At the same time, they must have exceptional patience, that is, the ability to tolerate unpleasant and painful stimuli and combativeness or the ability to respond to such negative stimuli with adequate actions. This ability, in part falls under the definition of courage.
Another important characteristic of a protective dog is the instinct of possession, prompting it to react aggressively to anyone who attempts to take away a bone, toy or any other object belonging to it. The instinct of possession, if given the right direction in the process of training, is transformed into a need to protect not only what is the property of the dog, but what the host entrusts to protect it. As already mentioned, four breeds of protective dogs were withdrawn by a man in such a way that they possessed all the qualities necessary for the performance of their functions.
This does not mean that other dogs do not have the same qualities, equally or less, and that they can not be used as protective dogs. Among the breeds that have excellent inclinations for performing these functions, you can mention a large number of shepherd breeds - from German to Belgian, from Scottish to Bug shepherd. The German Shepherd is a universal and most dog-trained dog, still remains the most common and accordingly most often used for the protective purposes of the breed.
For this, you can also use less heavy watchdogs , for example, the Bordeaux doga, some parapets, in particular the Flanders and the Russian black terrier, in which, however, very little from the terrier. This is a relatively new breed, bred in Russia for defensive purposes and probably in the very near future it will receive a different name. Dogs of other breeds can be trained for a protective service only provided that the training is led by an experienced instructor who is well versed in the psychology of the dog.
Such breeds of dogs as Bobtail, Airedale Terrier , Neapalitian watchdog, Maremma-abrutskaya sheep-dog and others can give both beautiful and terrible results, depending on their attitude to the service.
It is also necessary to mention several breeds that can not even be approached closely to the defensive service , otherwise it will have a disastrous effect on their character and distort their natural character. Here we first of all call the rescue dogs. For example, St. Bernard, Newfoundland and northern dogs: Siberian Laika, Alaskan Malamute, Samoyedsky Spitz.
Absolutely useless to use for this purpose, and low-growth terriers or indoor dogs (it is natural that dogs of small breeds are completely unsuited for this). Even if they have the necessary psychological instincts, from a physical point of view, they will remain completely unsuitable for protective functions because of their size.