West Siberian Laika is one of the most respected breeds of hunters. And this is not accidental, because the history of the emergence and breeding of this breed confirms its main purpose - to help a person hunt.
This dog is most like a wolf, and not only in appearance, but also in behavior and wild habits. West Siberian Laika is one of those rare breeds that were excreted in the harsh conditions of natural selection. The person's task was not to change her appearance, but rather to consolidate her natural instincts in hunting for wild animals.
West Siberian Laika - Russian breed of universal hunting dogs
The ancestors of the modern representatives of the breed were different types of Laika, which bred the population of the Urals and Siberia. In the conditions of the continental climate, in the severe taiga nature the character and working qualities of the modern West Siberian Laika were formed. Only the strongest dogs survived, which brought real benefits to man. The taiga hunters not only did not allow the "Darmoids" to reproduce the offspring, but also simply eliminated them, since it was unprofitable to keep them and feed them.
No matter how cruel it may seem to modern breeders, this path led to the formation of a breed that, for its hunting qualities and merits before people, is recognized throughout the world.
The ancestors of the West Siberian Laika are the Khanty, Mansi and Zyryan Laika, who were bred by these peoples. Since each of these species differed in its features and advantages, with further breeding it was decided to keep the Khanty and Mansi type. Therefore, West Siberian Laika are found with a predominance of Khanty or Mansi blood. The first type is more stocky, with a short muzzle and a wide head, and the second is more lean with a slightly elongated muzzle. Such diversity does not harm the breed, but, on the contrary, gives scope for the work of breeders to improve its gene pool.
Throughout the history of the breed, the West Siberian Laika can be divided into two periods. The first is the centuries-old selection by the hunters of the most enduring dogs with excellent working qualities when hunting for a large beast. The second is the one that began in the 1920s. 20 th century, the purposeful work of breeders to bring the breed to the same standard.
First, the Laikas were classified according to the names of the nationalities that bred them. There were at least ten such ecotypes, and each of them had a peculiar exterior. In 1925, at the congress of cynologists, the first attempt was made to describe the standards of Laikas: Karelian, Ostyak, Zyryan, Khanty and Mansiysk. Three years later, at an exhibition of hunting dogs, huskies were already exhibited in large numbers.
In 1939 new standards of the same breeds were adopted at a special cynological meeting. The popularity of the Laikas grew, and this was due not so much to amateur interest as to the value of the qualities of Laika, which helped a person to obtain fur that is in demand on the world market. A club of lovers of laikas was created, which was run by famous cynologists. Subsequently, in the Soviet Union, many state nurseries were established, which bred hunting dogs, 17 of them were engaged in breeding of hawks.
During the war, Laika were used as demolitions and cargo carriers.
In 1947, an offer was received from an employee of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Hunting to change the classification and standards of the Laikas. Then, temporary standards for 4 breeds were developed. The final approval of the standard for West Siberian Laika occurred in 1952.
Active breeding in numerous professional nurseries led to the fact that in the 1970s. The breed is already fully formed and has won the hearts of hunters far beyond Siberia. In 1980, the West Siberian Laika was recognized by the International Cynological Association.
Earlier Laikas were called simply dogs or "northern witches".
Breed standard: basic characteristics
The current standard for Western Siberian Laikas defines them as medium-sized dogs with a strong constitution, well-developed muscles and a strong skeleton. These are moving dogs, moving in a wide trot alternating with a gallop.
At one time there was a tendency for dogs to be above average growth: such husky-overgrown animals reached a withers of 69 cm. But it was noticed that this tendency is adversely reflected both in overall proportionality and mobility, and therefore in the working qualities of the dog. At one time, the upper limit of growth was 62 cm for males, but now its boundaries are designated 55-60 cm for males and 51-58 cm for females.
The head resembles an isosceles triangle with a long muzzle and a wide cranium. The lips fit tightly and do not form dangling flews. The eyes are preferred almond-shaped with an oblique incision, deep set, but may be oval. Eye color only brown. Scissor bite.
Ears are erect, resemble a long elongated triangle.
The chest is broad and muscular, smoothly passes into a tight belly.
The withers are developed and 1-2 cm above the sacrum. The back is straight and muscular. Loin is strong and short.
Fore and hind legs straight and muscular. The shins are slightly longer than the thighs.
The tail in straightened condition should reach the hock or be shorter than 2 cm. It is usually bent to the back or to the side in the form of a ring or sickle.
The wool is dense and not very long with a soft dense undercoat. On the neck and shoulders a thicker coat of wool, forming a collar and tanks. Colors differ in variety: different combinations of gray and white flowers, fawn, gray-red, piebald. Often expressed zonarnost. Disadvantage is considered black and white color, which is already rare among the representatives of this breed.
Nature of the breed West Siberian Laika
The owners of the West Siberian Laika are told about their nature with enthusiasm. Having listened to such stories, it seems that this breed is an exemplary companion for a man, and if he is also an avid hunter, then an ideal tandem turns out.
Indeed, these dogs have a balanced mind, but at the same time are energetic and like to frolic. People are not aggressive towards people, unless, of course, they are specifically not angry. Very fond of children and do not offend small pets, are friends with other dogs. This is a surprisingly benevolent dog, considering that at the genetic level it is closest to all of its wild ancestors - wolves. The feeling of a pack is developed, and the West Siberian Laika are very attached to their flock - the owner and his family.
This dog is so used to human society that it is hard for them to experience compulsive solitude or lack of communication. Always ready to play and run, and does it with inexhaustible fervor. The character of the West Siberian Laika is complaisant and accommodating, but at the same time it is inherent in independence without persistence and persistence.
She always seeks to fulfill everything that the master wants from him, so if he made a mistake by giving her the wrong team on the hunt, she would rather fulfill it even against her hunting instinct. Therefore, many hunters, who already know their dog, prefer not to overdo with the commands and give it freedom of action.
The West Siberian Laika is difficult to frighten anything, it is that her ancestors walked with the man undaunted to hunt even bears. The dog knows its own worth, is confident in its abilities, but is always ready to recognize the leadership of a person and follow him. It is distinguished by a natural mind and ingenuity and does not cause special difficulties in upbringing.
West Siberian Laika is a universal hunting dog . Some believe that it is best suited for hunting a large beast, others that it does not have a price for furs. There are also such hunters who go with her to waterfowl or game. Despite some disputes in the preferences for hunting species, everyone recognized the universality of its hunting qualities, which are developed depending on the owner's hobbies.
Previously, there was an opinion that it was suitable for hunting only in harsh northern conditions, but it proved its workability even in the conditions of the southern climate.
One of the most valuable qualities of the West Siberian Laika is its endurance. If necessary, they work without signs of fatigue for several days in severe taiga conditions. They have an interesting feature - they better absorb food, which gives them much more strength than other dogs, and allows for a long time without the next portion.
Love of hunting on water is transmitted from West Siberian Laek by inheritance.
West Siberian Laika differ from other breeds of Laeks with their stamina and less excitability. They are able to tirelessly pursue the beast, tracing it in the footsteps that he left a few hours ago. It is difficult for them to find a replacement in other breeds when it comes to a long search and pursuit of the beast in difficult conditions. For example, during the autumn hunt, when there are no traces, or when searching in a heavy windbreak along rivers. They always work silently, but when they find the beast, they notify the owner with loud barking and bark or even keep the beast in place until the hunter approaches him. The habitable burrows are determined unmistakably. There are among the West Siberian Laika and inveterate birdwatchers who willingly work in the water, diving behind ducks.
West Siberian Laika are successfully used both for individual hunting, and when raiding on the beast, work well in pairs. In different parts of our country and abroad these hunters are used to hunt the most diverse animals. The list of possible production of West Siberian Laikas is extensive and interesting: bears, wild boars, elks, martens, choruses, roe deer, raccoons, lynx, wood grouses. This list can be continued for a long time.
Laika Handsome in the 20s. 20 centuries, constantly participated in the hunt for the bear, its owner well-known croaker of the Urals SF Shcherbakov mined 78 bears.
Care for West Siberian Laika
Basically, for obvious reasons, West Siberian Laika breed hunters. Less often, they can be found in people who are simply engaged with their dogs with popular sports, in particular agility. Sometimes they are given to urban residents, far from enthusiasm for hunting and simply succumbed to the charm of this taiga beauty.
In the latter case, it is necessary to remember that it is impossible to turn the West Siberian Laika into a sofa dog. She will suffer from lack of space and movement, so in this case she needs to ensure long active walks .
Of course, everyone understands that the best for both the dog and its owner will be the option when their interests coincide, that is, they both love hunting.
There are no difficulties in caring for this breed, because from the nature of the West Siberian Laika are endowed with excellent health. They are unpretentious in feeding and are able to endure hunger-strikes without loss for the physical condition. But without the urgent need to check in practice, this ability should not be, you need to make the right diet and feed your pet at a certain time. Like many other breeds of dogs, West Siberian huskies are useful for boiled meat, fish, cereals, vitamin-mineral complexes. It is necessary to exclude smoked, fried, flour and sweet foods.
Wool requires increased attention only during molting , when it actively falls out. It is necessary to remove intensively dropping hair with a hard metal brush.
Laika Sobolko saved his master from death. During the hunt for the hunter Rasputin Ya.D. Attacked a large bear. The dog distracted the bear's attention, allowing the hunter to shoot at the beast. Hunter and his faithful husky remained alive.
Many people are interested in how to properly train a hunting dog. Training for special hunting teams begins at about 10 months of age. Although some hunters begin to take a puppy with them before.
Before this, it is necessary to go through the general training course and teach the dog the basic commands of obedience. Without this, further training will be impossible, because the main basis is to teach the dog to obey unconditionally.
Further training takes place at special venues where the dog accustoms itself to the sound of shots, the light of headlights and other wisdoms necessary for a hunting dog. Only after this obedient and controlled dog begin to train for a certain kind of beast.
How to choose a puppy
Before choosing a puppy of the West Siberian Laika, the main thing is to determine the purpose of the acquisition. If you need a dog for hunting, then it makes sense to buy a puppy from the same inveterate hunters, they will not advise their "colleague" bad. In principle, these breeders, knit only representatives of the breed, which have proven themselves well on the hunt.
In this regard, the chance to get a bad puppy is negligible, but the risk, of course, is always there. Therefore, in addition to the pedigree and work merit, you need to carefully consider the appearance and health of the puppies. Unfortunately, and this strong and hardy breed is born sometimes weaker puppies, which for long-term hunting do not fit.
In general, the West Siberian Laikas hunt in the blood, so everyone can find a good hunting dog. Moreover, there are many professional nurseries and breeders of this breed, so there is plenty to choose from.
Of course, you should not discount the numerous ads on the sale of puppies without a pedigree. If you do not care about the exhibition career, but just want to get a loyal assistant for hunting or a friendly companion, then pay attention to proposals for the sale of puppies without documents.
Price of puppies
The cost of puppies of West Siberian Laika has an interesting feature. Sometimes dogs without a pedigree are so famous for record results from local hunters that puppies from them diverge at a more expensive price than representatives of unknown dogs with documents. This is the rare case when the cost of a puppy depends not only on the availability of a pedigree.
The average price for a puppy of this breed is 10,000 rubles , but you can always find yourself a friend and at a much lower cost, for example, for 2-3 thousand rubles . And in such a low price there will not necessarily be a catch, perhaps for avid hunters, there is no time to engage in offspring, and they sell puppies for a symbolic price. In kennels, on the contrary, the price reaches 20 thousand rubles or more.