Tosa-inu - fearless fighting dog from Japan, differs legendary courage, intelligence and funny appearance. Tosa-inu is considered the national treasure of Japan. Dog fights have been a popular sport in Japan since ancient times. Dogs of this breed are dressed in all ceremonial fighting regalia, and two porters traditionally take them to the battle arena. Like Sumo wrestling, dog fights were accompanied by special ceremonies and were conducted mainly by samurai. The fighters, especially the winners, were glorified and vested with special honors.
Dogs were grown in a special way, contributing to the strengthening of fighting abilities. Puppies jealously guarded from other people's eyes.
History of the breed
Originally, local breed dogs, known as Nihon-inu, who were also used to hunt wild boars, fought each other. However, after Japan opened its gates to the Western powers in the nineteenth century, other western breeds of dogs were brought to Japan, which soon began to participate in the battles with Nihon-inu. The Nihon-inu breed was much smaller than the western breeds, as a result of which the Nihon-inu dogs often lost their fighting to the western breeds of dogs. The pride of the samurai was offended, and they decided to bring out a new larger and stronger breed of dogs, crossing Nihon-inu with western breeds. This cross-breeding program was conducted on the island of Shikoku.
Breeders from the island of Shikoku started with bulldogs and bull terriers, as these dogs were the most resistant in combat. Mastiff was used for the size, and the Danish dog for size and agility. Pointers, both English and German, were chosen for barking, obedience and a well-developed sense of smell. Bloodhound genes were also added. As a result, the Tosa breed was born. The dogs of this breed surpassed all expectations and turned out to be fearless fighters. Soon the glory of Tosa Inu flew all over Japan.
Nevertheless, even more than before the dogs were jealously guarded and continued to selectively select, in order to maintain the best fighting qualities. As a result, Tosa-inu never became a popular domestic dog. Dogs of the Tosa-inu almost completely remained in the hands of people involved in dog fights. Due to lack of food and other difficulties during the Second World War, the Tosa-inu breed almost completely disappeared. It was rebuilt in the post-war years due to Tos-in brought from Korea and Taiwan, which were once imported there from Japan.
Standard of the Tosa-inu breed
Tosa-inu is a powerful noble breed dog, reaching at the withers 75 centimeters and weighing up to 70 kilograms. The larger Tosa-inu, weighing 100 kilograms and more, have now disappeared. The female is slightly smaller than the cables. Female individuals never participate in battles.
Tosa-inu are distinguished by a large, wrinkled head with drooping ears and an average length of muzzle with a scissor bite. Tosa-inu's eyes are small, calm and intelligent. The body is powerful with broad chest and muscular legs. The thick coat covering the body of Tosa-inu is notable for its variety of colors. Although the red color is considered ideal, and preference is given to monochrome dogs. Spots are allowed on the chest and not on the head and muzzle.
The average life expectancy is 10 to 12 years.
Tosa-inu are susceptible to diseases characteristic of large breeds of dogs, such as joint inflammation, hip dysplasia and bloating. Careful selection, of course, can save some of these problems.
The litter usually consists of 6 to 12 puppies.
Character of the Tosa-Inu
Despite the fame of fighting dogs , from Tosa Inu are incredibly tender and loving domestic dogs. They are devoted to their masters, are patient and affectionate with children. Very clever with well-developed guarding instincts are dogs that you can rely on. In addition to security, Tosa-inu is successfully used for search and rescue operations and therapeutic therapy.
In spite of the above, one should think well before starting a Tosa-inu as a pet. First of all, it is an expensive dog , requiring constant care. Since this is a big dog, she needs a lot of space, and she is unlikely to be happy in a small apartment. Puppies Tosa-inu - noisy and brisk, and they slowly grow. Moreover, the indisputable mind of Tosa-inu means that this dog is "on your mind", requiring proper training and proper treatment.