Miniature fees - dwarf fee and rabbit dachshund. It is unusual to see the definition of "miniature" next to the name of the breed, which is not large in size. But, nevertheless, among the dachshunds there are, besides the standard, dogs of smaller dimensions.
The modern standard includes three varieties of dachshunds in size: large, dwarfish and rabbit.
Dwarf dachshunds at the age of 15 months should have a breast circumference no more than 35 cm, and rabbit dachshunds - not more than 30 cm. The weight of a large taxon is not more than 9 kg. (In males), and miniature varieties weigh: males - not more than 4 kg. Bitches - no more than 3,5 kg. The German standard, followed by the international standard FCI, does not use a parameter such as height at the withers when assessing the tax rate of different sizes.
Small dachshunds have been tried for a long time to work in rabbit holes, so small that even a normal dachshund will be stuck there like a cork in a bottle. Mention of tiny fees is in some sources, dating back to the 19th century.
Mutations that lead to dwarfish offspring are common in all animals, and attentive people have long been trying to fix miniature sizes at the dachshund. But this is not easy, because small dogs give birth to fewer puppies, their birth is more difficult, and the matings are not easy. It is more difficult to calculate the size, health and efficiency of a dog.
At the end of the 19th century, the breeding of rabbit dachshunds proceeded in two directions: crossing a standard sized dachshund with a dwarf pincher and selecting producers from litters of standard dachshunds in size.
The first direction was quickly recognized as unpromising, since not only the type was lost (pinschers passed light bones and high-endurance) but also working qualities. But the second gave positive results, although after many years of very serious work and high costs. In 1905 in Germany the Club of fans of rabbit dachshunds was established.
Currently, miniature dachshunds are in demand more like decorative dogs. They are few in the world and few in Russia and Ukraine. They are more popular in the Baltic countries, where a good breeding material is imported. However, like all varieties obtained by using and fixing a trait that is not inherent in an animal in a natural environment, miniature (rabbit) dachshunds have many health problems and with the preservation of the pedigree type. They do not have a rich, strong backbone, and as a consequence, there is no inherent normal dachshund of a powerful developed musculature - the muscles have nothing to "carry".
Rabbit dachshunds lose a beautiful elegant head with a flat forehead and a barely noticeable stop. At them the form of a head comes nearer to type chihuahua - the forehead becomes more convex, the stop is appreciable because of a sharp transition from a forehead to a muzzle.