The long back of the dachshund makes it a recognizable breed. This is the most noticeable feature of its appearance, but it is the back, or, more accurately, the spine, is the weakest link in the health of the dachshund.
The stretched format of the dachshund is fraught with heavy loads on the spine, which, in turn, leads to his illnesses. The most common diseases among dachshunds are discopathy and osteochondrosis.
In the practice of veterinarians treating the dachshund, there are also such diseases as spondylosis , the consequences of injuries and the appearance of tumors in the region of the spinal column. Diskopathy is called a disease of the dachshund, it was such a wide spread in this breed. The disease has a rather vague prognosis for recovery. Heavy cases are often cured, but it also happens that the dachshund remains paralyzed for the rest of his life.
The essence of the disease is associated with a change in the intervertebral disc tissue, which loses its elasticity. As a result, the disks change their form, flatten out, take an unnatural position. The contents of the disk get into the spinal cord, the nerve fibers are squeezed, resulting in complete or partial paralysis of the limbs.
Symptoms of discopathy manifest themselves in different ways. Sometimes the dog falls sharply on the paws and loses the ability to move, although an hour ago was cheerful and cheerful. Most often there are obvious symptoms, and the attentive owner of the dachshund always finds them in time. The dog becomes dull, does not jump, a small hump appears on the back, the dachshund resists when it is picked up.
Treat for discopathy conservative (with the help of medications) and surgical methods. If you immediately begin treatment, the chances of recovery increase. But at all rates the cure takes place according to different scenarios. Some are restored in a couple of weeks, others have to be pawed for several years.
Measures to prevent discopathy include weight control, exercise, the prohibition of jumping from high surfaces and playing with large dogs that can injure the backbone of the dachshund. It is noted that fees, working in their direct "profession" as a normal dog, are not affected by discopathy.
This is one of the complex pathologies, as a result of which the dog atrophies, and then the hind legs . First, the dachshund begins to drag on the paws a little, the main load moves to the front paws when moving. As a result, the shoulder belt and thorax look athletic compared to the lumbar region and hind paws.
For a long time the disease was considered human. Then puppy of large breeds of dogs got into a risk group, but veterinary practice showed that the morbidity rate of osteochondrosis from the total number of diseases exceeds 20%.
Treat osteochondrosis with complex methods: prescribe drugs against inflammation and edema, vitamins, drugs to improve blood flow in tissues. In parallel, physiotherapy and massage. You can resort to such unconventional methods for dogs as acupuncture and osteopathy.
This disease of the spine is accompanied by ossification of intervertebral discs. As a result, the holes in the discs narrow and pinch the nerves. The ability to transmit impulses is lost and the paralysis of the place to which the impulsed nerves transmit impulses occurs.
Usually this disease is overtaken by a dog in old age - over 7-8 years old, but there are cases of hereditary predisposition. Treatment of spondylosis is to slow the process of ossification. For this, medication and physiotherapy are prescribed.