The breed is a historically formed group of dogs of related origin, similar in appearance and use, possessing certain characteristics that are inherently transmitted.
The original breed standard was written in 1879 and initially considered a dachshund as one breed with three varieties differing in the structure of the coat. The initial and most common variety is the smooth-haired breed.
Smooth -, hard - and longhaired dachshunds are not crossed.
Main characteristics of the dachshund breed
The general appearance of all varieties of dachshunds is the same, they differ only in the length and quality of the coat. Despite short legs, the dogs of this breed do not seem clumsy and clumsy. They have free movements and a proud bearing with their head held high.
The head is elongated, wedge-shaped, evenly tapering to the tip of the nose, dry, clean and well-delineated lines. The forehead is flat. Superciliary arches are prominent. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is moderately pronounced. Mordaktasy elongated, slightly hunchbacked. Mouth stretches quite strongly, goes beyond the line of the eyes. Lips do not hang, but tightly stretched, well cover the lower jaw, in the corner of the mouth form a slight crease.
Eyes small, oval in shape, obliquely set with a clever, energetic, but kindly expression. Brilliant, dark-brown color with any coat colors. At marble fees, blue eyes are allowed, as well as eyes of different colors.
Ears are comparatively small, highly planted, hanging, thin, rounded at the ends, mobile, with anterior margin tightly adjacent to the cheekbones. The teeth of the dachshund are white, strong, well developed, closely adjacent to each other.
Scissor bite. The neck is rather long, high set, strong, the neck gradually widens from head to chest. The body is long and narrow, muscular. The thorax is well developed, broad, oval in shape.
The abdomen is slightly pulled up. The withers are tall, long, protruding above the chest line. The back is straight, imperceptibly passing into the lower back. Croup is wide, round in shape, slightly obliquely set. Forearms are straight, not strongly arched.
The forelimbs are thick, dry, bony, muscular, the legs stand straight. Hindquarters are dense in the hips, with well-developed muscles, with well-defined angles. Hock joints are clearly defined, with strongly protruding heel bones. The paws are small, the toes have paws in the lump, with healthy, firm, puffy pads and short strong claws. The tail is quite long, gradually tapering towards the end, bent half arc.
Movement free and energetic, with a sweeping step and not too strong removal of the front legs. Posture - proud, the gait is important, strong "goes as if nails are pounding."
According to the FCI classification, fees are 3 types of wool:
- Smooth-eyed dachshunds
- Long-haired dachshunds
- Rough-toothed dachshunds.
The wool of the 'smooth' dachshund is short, dense, tightly fitting.
The coat is of medium length, dense, evenly covering the whole body of the animal (except muzzle, ears and eyebrows), wire-like, closely fitting, with a pronounced undercoat, forming a mustache, bushy eyebrows and beard. On the head and ears, the hair is short.
In longhaired dachshunds, the coat is long (it reaches the longest length on the ears, back of the legs and on the underside of the tail). Beautiful, close fitting, slightly wavy, the muzzle is short.
Representatives of this breed can have:
- Monochrome - (yellowish in different shades, up to the color of mahogany), black.
- Bicolour - black or brown with tans, dark, black or brown, each with reddish-brown or fawn tears above the eyes, on the lower lips, on the inner side of the ears, on the chest, on the inner and back sides of the legs.
- Marble and tiger.
Eye color is dark brown.
Also there are 3 types of sizes. Dogs are measured according to the rules not so much by weight as by the volume (girth) of the chest:
Height at withers
- Standard: males - 27-22 cm, bitches - 25-20 cm.
- Dwarf: males -21-16 cm, females - 19-14 cm.
- Rabbit: males - 15-12 cm, females - 13-10 cm.
- Standard - more than 35 cm.
- Dwarf - 30-35 cm.
- Rabbit - less than 30 cm.
- Standard - not more than 9 kg (ideally 6.5 - 7 kg).
- Dwarf - less than 4 kg at the age of 18 months.
- Rabbit - less than 3.5 kg.