- Four-legged passenger. We accustom the dog to public transport
Four-legged passenger. We accustom the dog to public transport
Every domestic dog should be able to behave in public transport. Even if you prefer to travel by car, this pet skill can come in handy. An animal can get sick when the car is under repair, but friends at work or abroad.
Well, if the family budget allows you to allocate money for a taxi. Otherwise, you will have to go to a crowded stop. This is where you find out that your favorite pet may not be very friendly or too shy. Besides, not every dog without preliminary training will easily transfer the trip. She can be sick and sick. But after a nervous trip, the dog is also to be examined by a veterinarian. So regardless of whether you have a car or not, the pet should be accustomed to travel in buses, trolleybuses and trams.
When to start
Experienced trainers advise to accustom the pet to public transport from 4 months. It is at this age that the dogs develop social skills. After successful training, the animal will stop being afraid of buses, trolleybuses and trams. But, more importantly, the dog will calmly and non-aggressively treat outsiders.
However, for everything to be successful, by the time of training the dog should already be accustomed to the collar, muzzle , paddock on a short leash next to the master and the performance of the simplest commands. Otherwise, the dog will reduce all your efforts to no by its ugly behavior. And passengers are unlikely to be happy with such a noisy neighborhood.
How to train
For success, we must remember the individual characteristics of the dog. If the pet is very shy and timid, do not force events and force him to do the unwanted. By letting the animal gradually get used to the new circumstances.
It is important that the dog has positive emotions associated with public transport. Therefore, when you first travel, you must always praise your pet for correct behavior. Also, positive reinforcement in the form of a treat will not hurt.
It is necessary to plan in advance, at what time you will train the dog, on what route you will go. It is necessary to familiarize yourself with the weather report - sudden rain or snowfall obviously will not help the cause.
And, of course, at this stage an important role is played by the state of the master himself. If you are confident, attentive, carefully controlling the situation, then the dog will not worry. So, training will be effective.
Stage 1. Along the busy streets
At first, the dog should get used to the loud sounds of cars, the appearance and smell of transport. To do this, you have to walk with it on busy streets, where buses, trolleybuses and trams run. To stop at this stage should not be approached. Let the pet while watching from afar.
Well, if you give out for such walks for at least a week. It is important to show the dog and morning, and daytime, and evening streets, so that the rush hour and poor lighting will not become a surprise for her later.
2 stage. Unknown stops
Now that the dog is used to noisy streets, you can bring it to public transport stops. The first visit there is better to be done in the afternoon in a few hours. But even if people are not nearby, keep the pet on a short leash.
Let the dog look around, sniff the stop and surroundings. Do not forget to stroke the pet, praise and periodically treat with delicacy. So he feels calmer and more determined. A visit to the stop will be colored with positive impressions.
Stage 3. Start from afar
If the dog becomes restless and nervous, do not drag it to stop. Walk around in a comfortable distance for the pet. You may not approach the stop if the pet does not like it. But go back to her every walk - the animal must get used to the new circumstances.
In doing so, always shorten the distance between you and the stop. Do not forget to cheer and treat your dog. For a change, include in your walking route two or three stops and visit them at different times of the day.
The pet should not only get acquainted with the stops, but also see the transport, landing dozens of passengers. Visit the selected items until the pet feels confident in any of them. Only then you can go to the next stage - to board the bus.
4 stage. It does not hurt
By the way, if you have the opportunity, try to look with the pet directly to the final stop of the vehicle. Here, in the control room, a lot of buses and trolleybuses gather in a day. Walk with the dog between them. Then certainly no fears of the pet will not remain.
And if you manage to negotiate with the drivers, start a pet in an empty cabin and drive there until the initial stop. A dog without fuss and anxiety can get acquainted with the interior. So, next time, even if the salon is full of people, the dog will have fewer worries.
5 stage. Be careful, the doors are closing!
Choose a time when there are not so many passengers, transport is in no hurry because of the traffic jammed graphics. If you are training a puppy or a small dog, then for the first time you bring the animal into the salon on your hands. If your pet is too big, then help him to climb inside, supporting him with one hand under his stomach, and the second - for the collar.
For the first sample, good weather is important. If training takes place during the autumn or winter season, it is best to avoid trolleybuses, especially old models. The fact is that when landing, if the front legs of the pet fall on the metal parts of the floor on the steps, and the rear ones will stand on wet ground at this time, the dog may be electrocuted.
6th stage. Now only forward
In the salon you need to immediately take a suitable place. You can go standing or sitting. The main thing that the dog all this time could be near to you and did not interfere with other passengers.
Do not forget that the first trips for the pet turn into serious stress. Be sure to encourage the dog with a confident, calm and affectionate voice, give us a treat.
To begin with, you can drive one or two stops. If the dog is not afraid, then the duration of the trip can be increased, and back on foot. Such walks will positively affect the socialization of the pet. At first try to make similar "trips" several times a week.
But if the dog whines, trembles, then the first trip will be enough for one stop. The number of attacks in public transport should be reduced to once a week. But miss the planned trip or do not abandon them, otherwise the timid dog will not get rid of fear.
7th stage. Further more
Unfortunately, some dogs feel uncomfortable in public transport not because of fear. They just rock. This is manifested by nausea, profuse salivation and even vomiting. The problem is in the weak vestibular apparatus of a particular animal. If you travel more often in transport, the symptoms will soon disappear. The main thing is not to feed the pet on the eve of the trip and take a small towel with you to remove the saliva.
Whatever it was, the number and duration of travel should be gradually increased. At first, you can make them when there are few people in transport. Then you can show the dog the time when the passengers are more. Just do not choose overcrowded buses and trolleybuses. Passengers there will clearly be dissatisfied with the close neighborhood with the dog. In addition, someone accidentally can injure your pet.
Over time, the pet will get used to and adapt to travel on public transport. But while you are practicing, you will benefit from some tricks.
Size of the Muzzle
The dog should be periodically encouraged for good behavior. But how to do this, if in the transport you are obliged to keep it in muzzle?
Buy a muzzle-loop, which is one or two sizes larger. In it, the dog can easily take your food and eat it.
Do not worry that a shy puppy can not cope with training and will not get used to transport. Just such a dog, due to her temperament and character, needs more time for adaptation.
Be caring and patience. Do not rush events at all. On the contrary, it is better to slow down the pace of training, to reduce the number of trips. Over time, even a timid pet will feel at ease and will not be afraid.
When planning a trip, pay attention to the well-being of the dog. Do not take it into transport in extreme heat: inside the stuffy buses, even with the minimum number of passengers, the pet can get a heat stroke and suffocate.
Also, you should reschedule the trip, if the window is heavy rain, snowfall or severe cold.
- While driving, hold the dog only on a short leash at your feet. This minimizes possible injuries due to sudden braking.
- When landing and landing, dogs should walk side by side. Do not leave it behind you and do not let it go.
- Miniature dogs are best kept on hands or put in a carry.
- Do not forget to put a muzzle on the dog. Even if it is friendly, you will avoid unnecessary conflicts with other passengers.
- Try not to drive in wet weather in trolley-buses and trams. The floor can be highly electrified due to problems with the equipment of the vehicle, and the pet will be electrocuted. If the dog nervously shakes its paws and can not sit still, it is better to go out at the nearest stop.
- Choose for landing doors that lead to the most spacious parts of the cabin. Usually it is either central or rear.