Newfoundland - one of the largest dogs, while deserving the title of the most family. There is no aggression in him and he marvelously gets along with animals and children. At the same time it is a wonderful guard and a lifeguard.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the breed
This is a very ancient breed and its origin is covered with the gloom of centuries. It is known only that it occurred on the island of Newfoundland. Another two thousand years on the west coast of the island was a settlement of North American Indians, in which the dogs of the same name lived.
The progenitors of the Newfoundlands are Molossians, who for many centuries were selected for endurance, working qualities, strength, courage. The first written information about them refers to 1639. Since the 17th century, the breed has been influenced by dogs imported from the Old World. And after a hundred years, Newfyves were already actively exported to Europe. In England, the cultural selection of the breed began. At the exhibition Newfoundlands were first shown in Birmingham in 1860.
In the former USSR, until the 1950s, the Newfoundland bred a nursery of the Ministry of Defense. Later they began to breed in many large cities.
This is a large dog with a height of 66 (bitches) -71 (males) of centimeters. Their weight can reach 70 kg.
They are built proportionally, the skeleton is powerful, the head is large rounded with a short, broad snout. Small closely fitting ears make the dog look like a bear.
The skin of Newfoundland is thick, elastic, bluish-gray in color.
With the exception of the head, the wool of these dogs is long, plentiful, harsh, but not coarse, with a very soft and dense undercoat that does not melt in the water. Often the undercoat is gray or brown.
Newfoundlands are black, dark brown, black with a shade of mahogany, brown colors. On the fingers, chest, tail tip there may be small white marks. There are black and white Newfoundlands, which are called Landseers. They have a black head (possibly with a white protouch on the muzzle) on the back and rump of the cap, passing to the base of the tail.
The nature of Newfoundland
Newfoundlands have a special character for the dog. They are patient, loving, obedient and calm, they are very homesick for family members or pets that disappear from their lives.
They quickly adapt to all types of pets including dogs of small breeds and cats.
Newfoundlands are very eager to please the owner and therefore are easy to learn. They are extremely sensitive to criticism, a sharp tone of voice, so train these dogs gently.
These family dogs even very small children endure with love and tranquility.
They love to swim and take advantage of every opportunity to swim. They are calm about the car and like to travel on it.
Newfoundlands are very calm and prone to a passive lifestyle. They do not aspire to the movement, although they walk with pleasure with the owner.
Left to their own devices, they are looking for a cool place to lie down.
The main rule when dealing with Newfoundland - understanding, affection, patience, love. Only when he is treated with all respect and respect as an individual, he will show everything in training when he is able.
Maintenance and care of Newfoundland
Before you start a dog of this breed, you need to think carefully about all the moments of its content. Firstly, such a dog requires a lot of space. On the good, in the apartment she should be let not a large, but a separate room or a spacious loggia.
Secondly, Newfoundland has a thick long coat that will be everywhere. And it needs regular and thorough care. It is regularly combed out, constantly cut around the perimeter of the body, to ensure that the koltuns do not form.
Since Newfoundlands strongly molt throughout the year, at least four times a week their wool needs to be combed out with a stiff brush.
You should not swim Newfoundland more than once a month. And to this frequent procedure it is necessary to accustom it from early childhood. At bathing it is better to use professional shampoos and the conditioner which will facilitate combing, will make hair more elastic, will give to a shine a shine. Some breeders advise to use a dry shampoo in general, so as not to wash off the natural lubrication of Newfoundland, which makes its wool waterproof and even dirt-repellent.
Newfoundlands are passive and therefore prone to obesity . Therefore, their diet should be balanced, and with age, all less caloric. Required and regular, but not excessive physical activity. For them it is better to unhurried long jogging and walking fast pace in cool weather.
The average life expectancy of Newfoundland is small - 8 - 10 years. Dogs of this breed are prone to certain diseases. For example, in connection with a solid weight, they are not uncommon dysplasia of the hip joint, and because of thick wool - heat strokes.
Also often occurs a turn of the intestines, stenosis of the aorta, hypothyroidism, cataract, the turn of the century. Also Newfoundlands are prone to cardiomyopathy and atopy , often there is ectopic ureters, a defect of the interatrial septum.
Newfoundlands are very drooling. And this for some people can be a problem.
Price of the puppy
Newfoundland puppies cost from $ 350 to $ 2000, depending on the breed and the possibility of an exhibition career and breeding of a puppy.