Dear readers! We are surrounded by a large number of very diverse dogs - small and big, evil and kind, decorative and official, hunting, etc. Ask yourself - why do you love them?
Most likely, hardly anyone will give a specific answer to this question. But it is much easier on the soul, when beside you there is a dog, without tension and unnecessary words, able to show you that you are the best, most beloved and kind person in the world. And this is very important. You read these lines, which means that you love dogs. Love and want a dog to become a member of your family? Want to buy it, but do not know how to educate and educate, how to take care of it, how to feed, walk, choose a breed, where to get a thoroughbred puppy, etc.?
In this article I will try to acquaint you with the necessary minimum of what you need to know in order to take full responsibility for your dog.
- What should a future owner know before buying a dog?
- What you need to know before you buy a puppy? Making the right choice
- Do not buy a puppy in the market or from casual people with hands, you can get a sick or completely non-pedigree four-footed creature. When choosing a puppy, pay close attention to the following:
What should a future owner know before buying a dog?
Before you buy a dog, you need to think about many things and understand and analyze much.
- Do all family members agree to accept a new member of the family into the house,
- Whether you will be able to rebuild your daily life mode for caring for the dog and her upbringing and training,
- Whether you can get up early in the morning and not leave a growing puppy alone for long,
- Can you calmly look at the torn off wallpaper and clean up the endless puddles and piles?
If you answered at least one question negatively, think about it - do you really need a dog at all? No less important is the size of your adult dog in the future, so you need to determine if it will have enough space with you under one roof. Ask yourself another question - for what purpose do you want to purchase a dog? Service dogs are capable of performing many special tasks, they are well educated and trained, they are true friends and reliable defenders, but remember that if you are not properly educated and do not have training, problems await you.
Hunting dogs are best acquired by hunters, decorative dogs of many can save themselves from loneliness, because they are cheerful and sociable. The length and quality of the coat is also in question. Can you skillfully and timely care for the wool of the Afghan greyhound, poodle, South Russian and Caucasian sheep-dog? And if you are going to keep a dog in the yard, would a short-haired Doberman Pinscher or boxer fit for this?
Male or female?
The next question - who to buy - a male or female? Males are stronger and more malevolent, and bitches are more obedient and devoted, although they are more concerned with estrus or growing puppies.
When you honestly answered these and other questions, contact the Kennel Club, where you will receive full information about breeders (owners of bitches) of the breed you like.
What you need to know before you buy a puppy? Making the right choice
Do not buy a puppy in the market or from casual people with hands, you can get a sick or completely non-pedigree four-footed creature. When choosing a puppy, pay close attention to the following:
- Put the tail,
- The presence of lucrative fingers.
You finally brought the puppy home. Define him a permanent place to relax, where he will feel at ease and secure, where no one will prevent him from sleeping and just rest. It should be warm and light.
Where it is more convenient for you to place a dog, decide for yourself, but not in the corridor, not in the kitchen, on the aisle or near the radiators and batteries. As a bedding, use a mattress made of natural cloth that matches the size of the dog. Think about purchasing the necessary equipment and equipment (soft collar, leather or tarpaulin leash 1.5 meters in length, a long canvas leash 8-10 meters long for training, a brush and comb for hair care, etc.).
The first days of the puppy in the house
In the first 3-4 days it is advisable not to leave a puppy at home alone, because he was left alone, without a mother, brothers and sisters. It takes some time to get used to a new home. Perhaps the first few nights the puppy will whine, remaining alone in the dark. This is a natural phenomenon, because for him now much is unusual in a new and yet alien place.
If he whines violently, get up, approach him, stroke him, calm him, talk to him. If this does not help, move the mat closer to your bed, but never and under no circumstances take the puppy to your bed! He will perfectly appreciate the advantages of your bed in front of his and to accustom him to his place will be extremely difficult.
When the puppy grows up a bit, he will begin to explore the apartment and the surrounding environment. Especially be careful when his teeth begin to change and you will have to hide shoes, electrical wires, books and everything that might interest the little "pioneer".
Do not forget that the puppy is only growing, and how much it still needs to learn and "try for a tooth"! Do not forget about the quality nutrition necessary for proper development and growth, for good health.
Proper Puppy Feeding
How and what to feed the puppy? Even then, when you take the puppy from the breeder, ask what the pups eat before you. Try to feed this puppy in the new place of residence, if necessary, and your desire to gradually introduce new products into the diet.
How much food is needed for your puppy, depends on the needs of his body, individual characteristics, conditions of detention, physical and mental loads, etc. For example, a more active and mobile puppy will require more food, since he spends a lot of energy and energy on physical and emotional efforts during walks.
Enhanced nutrition will be required for a puppy growing and developing in an outdoor enclosure. In the first two months of a puppy's life, divide the daily ration of feeding by 4-5 times. At a time, the puppy of the Eastern European Shepherd eats about 1.5 - 2 cups of food by volume.
Carefully observe the puppy while eating. If he eats the entire portion, and then for a long time, carefully and carefully lick the bowl to shine, he may not have enough food. Therefore, you should increase the one-time amount of food or add one more feeding. If the food remains in the bowl, you can reduce the one-time amount of food.
In no case should the puppy be overfed! Many are touched by a puppy, who ate "from the belly" and crawls away from a bowl with a tightly stuffed and ballooned belly. Usually they reason as follows: "I have a puppy with a great appetite, so let him eat as much as he likes and can."
This is fundamentally wrong, since systematic overeating leads to an unjustified increase in the weight of the puppy, it grows fat, it often moves little, phlegmatic behavior appears, because it's just hard for him to move. Thanks to this "feeding" diet, many diseases occur, the back sags, the legs are bent, physical development worsens.
Think about how much your puppy needs this kind of feeding? Remaining after the meal or at all untouched food clean and put in the refrigerator until the next feeding (the same should be done with dry food, of course, without a refrigerator).
In the next feeding, offer the puppy the same food that he did not eat or refused, otherwise he will very quickly figure out that the meat is much more delicious than the porridge and it can be successfully obtained from the owner if you starve several hours before the next feeding.
Do not feed the puppy during after-hours, do not give handouts between feedings. It will not lead to anything good, except for the rapid formation of the habit of begging. For feeding the puppy you can use both natural products, and ready-made dry food or special canned food.
It is strictly forbidden to give a puppy:
- Chicken and large fish bones (can injure the gastric mucosa).
In the diet must necessarily add vitamins and mineral fertilizing. With age, the amount of feed is gradually reduced and is brought to the year up to 2 times a day. A bowl of water in the puppy should be standing constantly. Feed the puppy best with a special stand, the bowl should be at the level of elbows or slightly higher.
During the meal it is recommended to put the puppy (future participant of the exhibitions) in the exhibition stand in order to avoid possible problems in the ring, with systematic execution this stand will become his habitual position, and the puppy will not rest.
Education and training puppy
This is also an extremely important point that you should consider before buying a dog.
- In no case do not delay the upbringing of the puppy "until better times".
- From the first moment of his appearance in your home, he must prohibit all those actions that in the future will be forbidden to an adult dog.
- The only "but" - in no event should the puppy be punished after some time after the offense was committed, the punishment should be made during the "violation" or immediately after it.
- To prevent damage to furniture and other things, provide the puppy with the necessary number of toys and try not to leave one for long.
First time you have to walk the puppy quite often. Immediately after sleeping or eating, take the puppy out onto the street for at least 5-10 minutes, and 1-2 times a day spend longer walks up to 1-1.5 hours.
Up to 3 months, do not allow the puppy to descend independently on the stairs, better take it out to the yard on his hands. Up to six months of age you do not need to force him to overcome barriers, his back and paws are not strong enough.
Before the first vaccinations it is better not to walk with the puppy at all, since there is a risk of infectious diseases. On the street, do not allow the puppy to contact unfamiliar or stray dogs, let him or she communicate with well-known and tested four-legged friends.
Take care that the puppy does not pick up anything from the ground. From the first walk categorically prohibit the pursuit of cats. From the first days of staying in your house the puppy needs to be taught to the nickname. As soon as he begins to respond to it, you need to start learning how to execute various commands.
Teams must be submitted calmly and quietly, but clearly enough, without distortion. The first teams should be "To me" and "Can not" or "No". Then they master "Sit", "Lie", "Stand", "Place", "Aport". Try to conduct the learning process in a gaming manner, so the material is better absorbed and the puppy is less tired.
When raising a puppy, do not forget about teaching him good manners. Do not let the puppy jump on you, leaning his paws. He, of course, loves you very much, but the rules of decency still exist. Do not allow the puppy to sleep on your bed or carry food from the table.
If guests come to you and they liked your puppy, do not let them pet or caress the puppy. Better give the puppy the opportunity to look closely at who came, then sniff them, then send him to another room. Carefully monitor the health of the puppy, be sure to purchase a veterinary medicine chest to provide first aid in case of illness or possible injury .
If you take into account these not complicated recommendations before purchasing a dog, I am sure that your living together with the future four-legged member of your family will be filled with many happy hours and days, and possible difficulties and disappointments are minimized.