Each dog owner wants his pet to be joyful, well-groomed and - most importantly - to make him feel good. It would seem, and here the pruning of claws? However, shortly clipped claws are the basis of the dog's comfort.
Unfortunately, in practice for many owners clipping of claws turns out to be a big problem. In this case, they seek help from a veterinarian or a dog salon, and more often - just stop paying attention to these necessary troubles. Although the procedure itself with the right approach is very simple and takes no more than 10 minutes.
Why is it important to cut the claws of a dog?
When moving, the outer edge of the dog's claw touches the surface of the support, erasing about which it receives a characteristic shape. If there is insufficient erasure (walking on a soft or slippery surface, short walks), the shape of the claw is distorted.
Elongated claws can cause violation of the form of phalanges of the fingers and put paws, make the dog more prone to injuries and injuries, in particular, stretches, contribute to the development of arthritic changes in the limbs.
Curvature of the fingers and violation of the inclination of the pastern contribute to improper claw clawing in the future - and aggravate the situation.
In addition, do not forget about the lucrative fingers - their claws do not get lost when walking. Growing in excess of the required length, they can curl inward and crash into the pads of the dewclaws, causing severe pain and opening the way for infection.
Too long claws lose strength, break and split. If the claw fragment hangs, but there is no bleeding, you can gently trim it, and then straighten the edge with a nail file. After - lubricate the claw with a nourishing cream.
If, with a broken claw from the wound oozing blood - I advise you not to take independent action. The paw needs to be bandaged, which will allow the dog to move painlessly, and then contact the veterinarian.
Choose nails for cutting the claws of a dog
On sale there are nails or as they are called - two types of cootters: guillotine and with sickle-shaped blades .
The first can not always cope with thick and strong claws, so for a large dog, choose a tool of the second type. Also I recommend to buy a special nail file so that you have the opportunity to level the edge of the claw after removing the excess part.
How to cut a dog's claws correctly - the first procedure
You need to prepare:
- Nail clipper matching the size of the dog.
- Saw for final processing of claws.
- Hemostatic agent (hydrogen peroxide or streptocid powder), gauze wads or cotton balls.
- A treat for a dog
If the breeder of your dog has put a little effort and patience, having accustomed the puppy to the procedure of cutting the claws, then you will not have any difficulties. If you have to accustom a grown up puppy yourself, I advise you to first take the help of one of the relatives.
Choose a comfortable, well-lit place. Ask the assistant to lay the dog on its side and fix it, stroking and soothing its voice. As soon as the puppy calms down - proceed.
If your dog has light, transparent claws - you were lucky, in this case a blood vessel is clearly visible, which means less chance of hurting the dog, damaging it. If the claw is dark, try to cut only the folding part.
It is important to be careful, since with too short a cut or sharp angle of the cut, you can touch the soft tissues inside the claw, which will provoke pain, bleeding and fear of the paw care procedure afterwards.
Do not cut the claw immediately at the desired length, do it gradually in several receptions of 1-2 millimeters - this will help the dog avoid unnecessary pain.
If you still touch the blood vessel inside, do not panic - there's nothing wrong with that. Simply push to the claw a cotton wool soaked in hydrogen peroxide, or attach a pinch of streptocid. At the end, the cropped edges can be processed with a nail file. And do not forget to encourage the delicately endured pet procedure with a delicacy.
How often do you have to clip the claws to a dog?
Claws should be pruned as needed, but at least every 5-7 days for the puppy, once every two weeks - for a teenager and an old dog, once a month - for an adult dog.
How to determine that the claws have grown and it's time to prune them? If you conduct the procedure regularly, then this question is irrelevant. If not, the main feature is the characteristic "clinking" of dog claws when walking on the floor. While ideally the dog's claws should only touch the surface lightly, but do not touch it.
Painful sensations when pruning claws in a dog can occur in the following cases:
- Using simple scissors - they split claws.
- A blunted tool that does not cut, but knocks and crushes the claw.
- If you cut the claw too short and touch the vessel inside.
It is important to remember that regular care for claws is one of the conditions of the health and good mood of your dog!