Vaginitis in dogs is called vaginal inflammation in a bitch that is caused by various fungi or bacteria.
- In dogs, vaginitis is expressed as the appearance of different discharges from the vulva. They can be mucous greenish or white, around the genitals, the coat can stick together and the dog constantly lick the vulva.
- Sometimes she may have itching.
- A dog can lift a tail, restlessly behave, strongly bend his back.
- In advanced cases, discharge is purulent, blood may appear, urination may occur frequently. Sometimes a bitch is marked by lethargy and general malaise, body temperature may increase .
Causes of vaginitis in dogs
This is a fairly common disease that can occur in both a puppy and an aging dog, as it has quite a few reasons. Vaginitis occurs due to increased activity of microflora inside the vagina of the dog.
The activity of the microflora, in turn, is associated with a decreased immunity, which is often due to the diseases or births suffered. Sometimes the disease develops in young dogs during puberty as a result of changes in the hormonal background or in adult dogs with an increase in the level of female hormones.
The most common cause of the disease is the ingress of microorganisms into the vagina from the outside, for example, during the act of covering. It is also not uncommon for postpartum vaginitis associated with the use of irritating substances in the birth canal, trauma, manual infection or infection.
Treatment of vaginitis in dogs
In order to begin treatment, it is necessary to establish the cause of the disease. To do this, the vaginal smear and laboratory blood test are performed. It is very important to contact the veterinarian in time to not miss possible other diseases of the uterus in the dog, for example, purulent aseptic endometritis.
After conducting the necessary tests, establishing an accurate diagnosis and the causes of vaginitis, a course of treatment is prescribed. If the form of vaginitis is easy - treatment consists in washing the vagina of the dog with herbal decoctions and sparing disinfectants.
Most often this is a weak solution of potassium permanganate, furacilin, or 3-5% ichthyol. Solutions and broths in the vagina are injected with a rubber pear or catheter. Anti-inflammatory ointment "Phytoelita" is also used.
With abundant bloody or purulent discharge, medication is prescribed. It combines disinfecting solutions, immunostimulants, antibiotics in the form of ointments. In the vaginal cavity, antimicrobial emulsions such as 5% suspension of furazolidone, liniment of synthomycin and others are administered.
If the dog has a fever, the dog is prescribed antibiotics intramuscularly from the penicillin group, inoglycosides, cephalosporins, levomycetin and others. If the cause of the disease is a hormonal disorder, then an additional course of hormonal therapy is needed, which will correct the hormonal background.
Prevention of disease
Vaginitis can be prevented if first of all observe the basic rules of hygiene and constantly improve the protective functions of the canine organism. That is, give your pet nutrition and supply of vitamins, in time to vaccinate against all dangerous diseases.