The dog's growth occurs quite often. They can be completely harmless or very dangerous, so you should regularly inspect the dog and if you find unknown growths, examine it in a veterinary clinic .
Types of growths in dogs
In young animals, they mostly appear on the paw, skin, ear, eye, in the mouth, on the inside of the cheeks, on the tongue, lips and soft palate. They look like solitary formations of different shapes and sizes. Such tumors in dogs are benign , although their nature is viral.
These are papillomas or warts . In adult animals, they can appear on the body, less often on the stomach. They look like dark plaques that rise above the skin. Most often they arise in males and are called exophytic keratopapillomas. At first they look like white papules, but gradually they turn into neoplasms similar to cauliflower.
Keratopapilloma itself is not dangerous, but occasionally they are able to degenerate into a malignant tumor. The very appearance of keratopapilloma indicates a weakening of the body.
The buildup on the skin of a dog is called a tamor. This is a pathological proliferation of tissue that can be benign or malignant.
Benign tumors grow slowly and beyond the type of tissue where they appeared do not spread. With him, the dog can live a lifetime, true, it is able to grow to huge sizes, causing inconvenience.
After removal, usually such a tamor no longer grows. Malignant tumors grow rapidly and rapidly spread to other tissues and give metastasis. If it is not removed in time, the animal will die. Although after the removal of malignant tumors can grow again. The most common and most dangerous malignant tumor is carcinoma.
It occurs almost exclusively only in adults, and especially in elderly dogs. Most often occurs in the mammary gland and in the throat. To the touch it is firm and has clear boundaries. The diseased animal loses its appetite and weight. The fact is that when the build-up is formed in the throat or mouth of a dog it is painful to chew and swallow.
If the dog departs From a full bowl with suffering on the muzzle, it means that in its throat there can be a build-up. The first signs of the appearance of a malignant growth in the mouth may be a sore near the tonsils or a tubercle on the gum, similar to an abscess . The animal is in pain if you touch these places. Usually microscopic examination of the tissue is very difficult to determine the nature of the tumor. In any case, it should be deleted as soon as possible.
Treatment of growths
Papillomas in dogs have long been treated with various external means: celandine, ammonia, lapis, iodine, formalin. Also injections of novocain are administered to the papilloma and intravenously.
However, these types of treatment do not give a stable result
- Now increasingly use a combination of conservative and surgical treatment
- That is, single papillomas are surgically removed, then the wounds are disinfected and cauterized by weak electrical discharges. This prevents the spread of the virus in the wound
- When processing very hard growths, cryotherapy is effective - the method of applying ultra-low temperatures. This is the best method for treating outgrowths on the eyeballs
- Also, excellent results are obtained by papillomavirus treatment with liquid nitrogen every two weeks
The best growths in a dog are treated with immunotherapy. At the moment, the best effect is the use of phosphprenyl with novocaine and with the addition of gamavit and maxidin to the treatment formula. Also good results are noted after application of panavir, which does not allow recurrence of multiple papillomatosis.
Tumor is mandatory for removal. After that it is necessary to make a biopsy and if it was benign, restorative therapy is used, with malignant tumors chemotherapy may be needed.