Ticks in dogs, as a rule, are observed with warming. Summer residents open the season, someone is just around the corner for a vacation or a vacation, and the hosts spend more and more time with their pets outdoors, along with them enjoying the foreboding of the summer.
And at this moment it's important not to forget about the danger that lies in wait for our four-legged friends in the green grass and trees ...
Symptoms of ticks in dogs
Observe the general condition of the pet.
- A day or two after the bite, the animal becomes sluggish, begins to refuse to eat.
- In the place of bite there is an itch - the pet itches, rubs against different objects, rolls on the floor.
- Some time later it becomes easier to find a tick - after drinking blood, the insect swells, becoming more noticeable. Ticks are the causative agents of such a dangerous disease as pyroplasmosis in dogs .
Hardly noticeable mites can easily fall on the animal's fur, and you can pick them up not only in the forest or in the field where dense grass grows, but also during a walk in the city yard. The most terrible thing is not to detect the parasite on time, because the probability of death in the absence of treatment is 98%. There are often cases when, after a running stage, you had to put the dog to sleep .
Treatment. What if the dog was bitten by a tick?
Your dog was bitten by a tick, you noticed a tick bite in the dog. What to do? How to remove a tick from a dog, how to remove it? All these questions are of great concern to the owners of animals that have encountered this problem.
Undoubtedly, the best way to get rid of the bloodsucker is to immediately contact the veterinarian .
But if, for some reason, there is no such possibility, then you can cope with the encephalitis mite at home.
- First, treat the insect with oil. This will clog the spiracle parasite, it will begin to choke and weaken the "grip".
- Then make a "snag" from the thread, hook it to the neck of the mite (where it has attached to the skin) and start gently twisting it counter-clockwise. The main thing, do not make it a jerk - it's very important not to break the neck.
- If the mite itself detaches and the head remains in the animal's body, it can cause inflammation and suppuration.
- After you remove the parasite, be sure to treat the bite site with alcohol solution.
Ear mite in dogs
Detecting ticks in your ears is doubly difficult. They get into the ears and eat blood, gray and particles of the epidermis. Of course, this gives the pets incredible discomfort. There is an itch, which is increasing every day. Cats and dogs scratch their claws and eventually traumatize themselves. Therefore, you need to treat your ears immediately.
The first symptom of ear mites in dogs is discharge from the shell. They have a brown color and an unpleasant smell. When it comes to ear mites, it will not work without medication treatment. But in the veterinary pharmacy you will be advised a whole range of drops with antifungal and anti-inflammatory action.
Do not forget that you can catch an ear mite not only on the street, but also when communicating with another, sick animal. Of course, the main protection of the pet is the care of the owner. Daily inspection of the skin and ears is the guarantee of animal safety. In addition, there is a large selection of shampoos, collars, sprays that protect against ticks and other parasites.
Do not allow your pet to communicate with stray dogs and cats, who often suffer infections. Be carefull! This is the first rule not only when fighting mites - almost all diseases can be easily cured if noticed on time. Once again, recall - if you notice and start treatment, and do not wait until the animal is better.
Unfortunately, many owners, after seeing disturbing symptoms, turn to friends for help, consult with "experts" on forums on the Internet, or rely on their own meager experience in the treatment of animals. And all this - instead of taking the weakening pet to the vet. Alas, often a lost time is worth a four-footed friend of life. So we remind you once again: whatever your pet suffers - itching, indigestion or nausea, do not self-medicate - immediately consult a doctor.
Remedies for ticks in dogs
Forest mites are dangerous because they can cause infections and carry dangerous diseases, such as pyroplasmosis , hemobartonellosis, Lyme disease. To protect the animal, it is necessary to engage in active prophylaxis, treating the dog throughout the season with special preparations.
Now many different products are being sold against mites in dogs: collars, sprays, zooshampoos, drops on the withers, etc. They differ not only in the form of release, but also in the active substances. The simplest means is a collar, but it is more effective against fleas, and not from ticks, since it protects the withers mostly. It's also easy to lose.
Zooshampun against ticks is also not very effective. He will only relieve the fleas that have already appeared in the dog . More effective drops on the withers. Buying them, you should pay attention to the fact that they are intended specifically for ticks. The safest and most effective dog breeders recognize the Front Line preparation of Merial. Also high-quality preparations of companies Bayer (Advantix), Hartz, Pfizer (Stronghold).
The duration of such drops from the mites is 30 days, after which a re-treatment is necessary. It is very important to observe the dosage of drugs. This is not the case when "you can not spoil the porridge with oil", so if the collar is large, it does not need to be wound several turns, but it is worth cutting off the extra centimeters.
The amount of pipettes with droplets on the withers should strictly correspond to the weight of the dog. For 10 kilograms of dog weight, you need to buy one pipette. Puppies and very small dogs weighing up to 2 kg should choose a spray.
Read the article: Protecting the dog from a tick bite: a drop or a collar?
Subcutaneous mite in dogs
It should also be taken into account that a dog can have a subcutaneous tick. But this is a completely different parasite, from which, not a drop, no collars help. Subcutaneous mites or demodekoz in dogs live in the sebaceous glands of the skin, hair follicles and the inner layer of the epidermis. In this case, not only the external covers of the skin are affected, but also the internal organs (spleen, stomach, kidneys, lymph nodes and liver).
This tiny parasite (1 mm) secretes allergenic products of vital activity, which cause itching. On the affected areas of the skin, hair falls out, scaling and wounds are formed. Most often, the subcutaneous tick is manifested in puppies under the age of one year. Their body is still weakened, which may be due to the change of teeth or cupping of the ears.
Infection occurs by contact with a sick animal or from a mother to puppies and is very long and difficult to treat with the help of acaricides (Amitrazine, Ivermectin, Ivomec) and immunomodulators.
How to detect a subcutaneous mite in dogs?
May - the "hot" time for ticks. The temperature rises, the air becomes more humid - here and wake up in search of food small parasites. Moreover, according to experts' forecasts, this year the "attack" of harmful insects will be especially massive. Alas, neither owners nor their pets are immune from surprise attack.
But who is forewarned is armed. Therefore, the first advice to vigilant owners - after each walk carefully examine the skin of the animal. The earlier you find the tick, the easier it will be to get rid of it. But to find an insect is difficult, because its dimensions are very small, especially for contact parasites usually choose places that the owners can not guess.