The most common and dangerous diseases of the nervous system in dogs are meningoencephalitis, myelitis, paralysis, paresis, epilepsy, congenital malformations of the central nervous system (CNS).
It is an inflammation of the brain and its membranes. Usually observed in infectious diseases of dogs: plague, leptospirosis, listeriosis, viral hepatitis, etc.
First, the temperature rises to 40-42 degrees, the pupils are dilated, the eyeballs are inactive, the neck and neck muscles are tense, the sensitivity of the skin is increased, the dog is excited, and convulsions may begin. Then there is vomiting, excitement is replaced by depression, there are disorders of the cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive systems. Often the disease ends in death.
Treatment is appointed by the veterinarian and consists in the use of glucocorticoids, antibiotics and symptomatic drugs.
Paralysis and paresis
Paralysis and paresis occur with inflammation, damage, age-related atrophy of nerve fibers, and osteochondrosis. Parezy are characterized by a decrease in sensitivity and weakness of the muscles, for which the damaged nerve is responsible. In paralysis, mobility and sensitivity are completely absent.
Treatment is most effective at the onset of the disease. Apply novocain blockades, physiotherapy, warming up, inject vitamin B1, drugs that improve the conductivity of nerve fibers.
Characterized by repeated convulsive attacks with loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is primary (true) and secondary (symptomatic). True epilepsy in dogs is inherited, manifested at the age of up to three years. It is incurable and accompanies the animal throughout his life.
Symptomatic epilepsy is a complication of an infectious disease, usually affecting the central nervous system: plaque, leptospirosis , viral hepatitis, lyteriosis, meningoencephalitis - either as a result of a trauma or a brain tumor. It can occur at any age. Its course depends on the course of the underlying disease. Therefore, when it is cured, epilepsy may disappear.
The main symptoms of the disease are recurring epileptic seizures.
Small seizures are transferred "on their feet" and last for several seconds, without losing consciousness. At them pupils dilated, cramps of masticatory muscles, drooling, twitching of the neck and paws. After a fit, the dog feels fine.
Before a big attack, the dog usually worries, then there are convulsive twitches of masticatory and facial muscles, the animal falls, loses consciousness, convulsions begin. The seizure lasts a few minutes. After this, the dog can not stand up for a while.
With epileptic status, several large seizures follow each other almost without interruption, which can lead to the death of the animal.
With true epilepsy, seizures occur with a certain periodicity, and when symptomatic, their frequency depends on the course of the underlying disease. To prevent injuries during attacks, the dog needs to be fixed. Anticonvulsants are prescribed to reduce the frequency and intensity of seizures. With secondary epilepsy, it is important to cure the underlying disease
To prevent central nervous system diseases, dogs should avoid stressful situations: rough handling, increased stress. Prevent, timely diagnose and treat infectious diseases, osteochondrosis, discopathy. Eating older dogs should be balanced