In many countries, vaccination of dogs is considered a prerequisite for their maintenance . Exhibitions, travel, removal of pets abroad - all this requires the presence of vaccines in animals and a properly issued veterinary passport.
In this passport must be entered information about the breeder, the owner of the dog, nicknames of animals, his breed. Be sure to specify the age and color. The vet necessarily inserts the number of the vaccine series entered into the passport, its name, dose and date of vaccination, puts the stamp of the organization and its seal. Only if a properly issued passport is issued permits for the removal of a pet. However, such permission will not be given if after the vaccination of the dog has passed less than one month or more than one year. The export permit has its validity period of three days.
Vaccination of pets is a very important event, which in no case can not be ignored. Veterinarians often have to deal with cases when it was necessary to put the dog to sleep . If vaccinations were done in a timely manner, there would not be such a sad outcome.
Rules for vaccinating dogs
For the most effective result, animal owners need to observe a number of simple
- So, the very first rule of vaccinating dogs is vaccination of exceptionally healthy pets. It is for this reason that vaccinations are done after a thorough examination of the animal. As a rule, depending on the type and manufacturer of the vaccine, the doctor makes an individual schedule of preventive vaccinations. For example, dogs are grafted from parainfluenza and plague, hepatitis and viral enteritis, rabies and leptospirosis. The residence of the dog is not decisive in vaccination. This is due to the high resistance of viruses to various conditions. Even a pet that does not appear on the street can easily become infected with any infection brought by the owner on the outer clothing or shoes.
- The second rule of vaccination of dogs is a special preparation of the animal, which includes compulsory de-worming and treatment of fleece from fleas and ticks. Limit all kinds of pet contact with strangers and other animals. Such training is carried out for a couple of weeks before vaccination.
- The third rule for vaccinating dogs is to hold it two or three months before the proposed mating. Otherwise, the possibility of obtaining inferior offspring is great.
Scheme of vaccination of puppies
The vaccination schedule for puppies implies the first vaccination, when the animal will be 8 to 9 weeks old. Repeated revaccination is performed at the age of 12 weeks. Before this time, it is not recommended to carry out the procedure, since the development of the immunity of the baby is hindered by the high content of antibodies in his blood that he received with the colostrum of the mother in the early days of his life.
The degree of antibodies in the blood of puppies is gradually decreasing and they can become prone to infections when they become 6 to 12 weeks old. Because the pathogens that make up the vaccines are not as aggressive as the natural forms, the immune response to the vaccine in the puppy can only be formed at a lower antibody level, that is, at a later date: 8 to 12 weeks.
Strong immune protection against infections develops only 1-2 weeks after vaccination. It is important to remember that during this period of time the puppy's body is weakened and even more susceptible to natural infection. For vaccines that need to be reintroduced, with the initial vaccination, the final immunity to infections will be developed after 14 days have passed since the REVAKCINATION, that is, two weeks after the re-introduction of the vaccine.
In the future, to maintain immunity, vaccination is carried out once a year.
Vaccination of dogs against rabies is carried out, starting at 12 weeks of age, inoculated once, and then carried out an annual revaccination.
All dog owners need to know that there is a puppy in the life of a puppy, the so-called immune breach - this is the period when the mother's immunity, transmitted with colostrum, no longer protects, and the vaccine has not yet formed. At this time, especially careful to protect the puppy from possible infection. Do not allow contact with puppies with suspected sources of infection, in addition, you must ensure that the pet does not have fatigue, hypothermia and stressful situations.
Particular attention should be paid to a full, balanced diet, containing vitamins and minerals. After vaccination, for at least 10 days, do not allow the puppy to exercise for long periods, avoid overcooling or overheating, exclude long and tedious trips and do not contact other dogs.
After the animal was vaccinated, you need to watch it for a couple of days. If there are any complications, you should contact the veterinarian.
Price of vaccination of dogs
How much does the vaccination of dogs cost? The cost of the procedure depends on a number of factors. Firstly, whether you want vaccinations to the animal done at home or in a veterinary hospital and secondly what kind of vaccine do you prefer-domestic or imported.
We will quote the average prices of vaccination of dogs in Moscow. As a rule, in the regions the cost of this service is 20-30% lower
|Vaccination with polyvalent vaccine for dogs (puppies) at home - domestic Biowac, Multakan-4, -6, -8||1100 rubles|
|Vaccination with polyvalent vaccine for dogs (puppies) at home - imported Nobivak, Vangard, Duramun, Eurikan||1400 rubles|
|Registration of a veterinary passport||150 rubles|
If the vaccination of dogs is carried out in a veterinary clinic, the cost of the procedure, as a rule, is 500-600 rubles cheaper.