Not one dog is insured against injuries. How to help a pet in a critical situation, our article will tell.
Any dog, even a crumb, who never leaves the apartment, can get injured. Most dogs get wounds in fights. In the city, the cause of many animal injuries, from mild to deadly, are cars. Ligaments and tendons often suffer from ice, especially in dogs of large and giant breeds.
Small decorative dogs sometimes get enough to get injured from a sofa or escape from the hands of the owner. Therefore, the owners should prepare for unpleasant surprises and get a first aid kit containing dressing material, antiseptics, healing drugs and pain medication. Dogs are active animals and often receive various injuries. Most often these are bruises, sprains of ligaments, wounds, fractures of bones, dislocations of joints.
Two-thirds of all injuries in dogs occur on the limbs. Simple injuries the owner can cure himself, with complex professional veterinary care is necessary. But with any damage, the owner should be able to provide his pet with the first, first aid, assistance.
Wounds in dogs
Wounds in dogs can be cut, chopped, torn, bitten, and so on. They are characterized by a violation of the integrity of the skin, muscles, blood vessels, in dogs, wounds are often contaminated with soil, saliva. With simple cases, you can cope on your own, but if the wound has a large size, heavy bleeding, severe contamination, then after first aid should be turned to the vet as soon as possible.
It is necessary to clean the wound, stop the bleeding, conduct its antiseptic treatment and apply a bandage. Remove foreign objects from the wound: chips, wire, glass fragments, cut or select hair at the edges of the wound, before closing it with a swab to prevent hair from getting inside. Then rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide or a spiral, apply a 5% iodine solution or other antiseptic to the edges.
Bleeding in dogs
In case of severe bleeding, a tourniquet above the wound site can be applied to the injured limb, but no more than 30-60 minutes. It is possible to give a pet hemostatic drugs: etamzilate (1 tablets by 0.25 per 15 kg of weight) and vikasol (1 table by 0.03 per 30 kg).
With an average bleeding to the bottom of the wound, put a piece of the hemostatic sponge, and close it tightly with tampons dampened with hydrogen peroxide or andraxone. With a slight bleeding, it is enough to apply a pressure bandage, maximally bringing the edges of the wound together. For the bandage, use a bandage, since the patch does not stick to the dog's fur.
In case of extensive injuries after first aid, the dog is immediately taken to a veterinary institution for surgical treatment of the wound.
Stretchings and bruises
Bundles suffer most often in unsuccessful jumps or falls. The dog begins to limp, the injured joint hurts, sometimes swells. The animal does not bend or unbend it to the end, it protects the paw while walking, although sometimes it gently leans against it. Soreness and lameness most strongly manifest after awakening, then the dog "paces".
Contusions occur when striking against blunt objects. The bruised place hurts, swells up, the occurrence of an erythema or a hemorrhage is not excluded. The dog can limp. When stretching and bruising in most cases, you can do on their own. In the first day to the damaged area you need to apply cold for 30 minutes, with interruptions for 1-2 hours: a bottle of cold water and ice, a hot water bottle with ice.
In the next few days, the injured place is warmed with a blue lamp or a warm water bottle is applied, a bandage with heated salt or sand for 20-30 minutes several times a day. Places of bruising can be lubricated with troxevasin twice a day. When stretching, the joint is fixed with an elastic bandage and is watched so that the dog does not play, does not jump and goes less on the stairs. If necessary, in the first days give analgesic - analgin (1 table 2 times a day).
Dislocations and fractures
With dislocations, the limbs occupy an incorrect, unnatural position, the bones protrude from the joint, but the integrity of the skin is not disturbed. The joint swells, it hurts, the dog does not lean on the damaged paw. To avoid rupture of ligaments and fractures of bones, dislocations should only be made by a veterinarian. Fractures of the bones are open, when the bone fragments come out, and closed.
In fractures with displacement, the damaged limb, as a rule, becomes shorter than the healthy one. In fractures and dislocations, the dog raises the injured paw high and does not lean on it when walking. Using a tire, the damaged limb is carefully fixed, without trying to straighten it or to combine bone debris.
You can carefully place the dog on a flat surface, for example a sheet of plywood. The place of the injury is applied cold and give the animal analgin if it experiences severe pain. The affected dog should be taken to the doctor as soon as possible.