Dipylidiosis is a disease of dogs that causes ribbon helminths of a detachment of the Cestoda chain.
These pathogens are also called cucumber chain. They have a white body with a pinkish, yellowish or grayish hue that consists of a head and a segmented body. On his body there are hooks and four suckers for attaching in the intestines of a dog.
In length, the body of the parasite can reach 70 cm with a width of 3-5 mm and it lives for several months. Most often, infection occurs during the warm season. Once in the gastrointestinal tract of a dog, the parasite develops within 15-21 days. Parasitizes dipilidium in the small intestine, secreting in it the products of its vital activity, which causes an intoxication of the organism and disrupts the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
In dipilidia, a sick animal has diarrhea , vomiting, or coprostasis. Against the background of these symptoms there is a general depression of the condition: the animal looks sluggish and apathetic, refuses to feed. Sometimes there are possible neural phenomena. Most often dipilidozom sick young animals.
If there are too many parasites in the body, the puppy may have exhaustion, a strong lag in growth, a decrease in immunity and, as a result, an increase in susceptibility to infectious diseases. For correct diagnosis, a helminthoscopy is performed from fresh feces. To obtain reliable results, it is best to conduct the study two or three times.
Treatment of dipilidia in dogs
It is necessary to conduct therapeutic deworming of the dog with the help of anthelmintics such as drontal, prazitsida, melbemax and others. According to the dosage indicated in the instructions to the drug, it is given orally two or three times, with an interval of 7-10 days between treatments. After the treatments again, fresh samples of feces are taken for the study.
Only a twofold negative result for the presence in the stool of fragments of helminth and eggs can sufficiently accurately testify about getting rid of parasites. In addition, it is desirable to give the dog antibacterial agents in order to suppress the secondary pathogenic microflora.
It must be antiprotozoals, preparations that repair the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, a squam. In the absence of appetite and dehydration, drip or subcutaneous infusions will be needed, and immunomodulators (ranco- and beta-leukins) will restore immunity.