The beginning of alopecia in a dog is not just a cosmetic problem. This should serve as an alarm for the owner. The dog's tail, back, or ears are balding: why and what to do?
Causes of Hair Loss in Dogs
Sometimes baldness can be a fairly normal seasonal phenomenon. In some breeds, during moulting, the sides are exposed (Airedale terriers, English bulldogs, Dobermans ). But often baldness indicates a violation in the work of the body or the presence of the disease.
The most simple reason for hair loss is the wrong food of the dog, with which her body can not receive any necessary vitamins, more often group B. Often the cause of baldness in dogs is eczema - a partial inflammation in certain areas of the skin.
The reasons for its occurrence are not fully understood - it can be a metabolic disorder or an improper diet. Most often, eczema affects dogs with obesity and in old age. Inflammation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands (furunculosis) also leads to baldness. Its cause is a disruption of the digestive system.
And they get sick more often than dogs of large breeds :
- Great Danes,
- Newfoundlands ,
- St. Bernards.
When you see rounded bald patches with crusts and scales on the paws, belly and muzzle of the dog, you can suspect lichen or scab, as well as scabies. Even commonplace lice and fleas in dogs can cause partial baldness of the dog. There are other diseases that can cause partial or complete baldness of the dog, for example, Cushing's syndrome or hypothyroidism .
Treatment of alopecia in dogs
To find out the reason why a dog partially or completely grows bald, you need to check the nutritional value of its nutrition and conduct a series of studies. Usually, urinalysis, a clinical blood test , a biopsy of the skin area, a thyroid gland is examined and the level of adrenal hormones in the blood is determined. The condition of the dog's fur is an important sign of her health, so at the first incomprehensible signs of hair loss, you need to contact the veterinarian.
In any case, self-medication is unacceptable, because it can only aggravate the condition of the dog and jeopardize her health, and even life. Treatment for eczema can be different, depending on the variety of the disease. Furunculosis is successfully treated with a diet, special medicines and ointments.
Scab and lichen, as well as scabies - diseases are contagious and, after suspecting them, it is necessary to immediately disinfect the house, and place the animal in quarantine. Treat it with external means. To prevent lice and fleas from the dog, it is necessary to use preventive measures:
- Shampoos .