An exciting moment - your pet is about to give birth. This is the first birth and all members of the family are worried. Let's go through this period in stages.
The first thing you have to do is prepare a place. When our dog gave birth, we released her a corner next to her bed so that we could control the situation at night. After all, puppies are like a newborn baby, they require vigilant attention.
In addition, if the birth of a dog (and, especially, the first birth) begins at night, you should always be nearby, calming and stroking your pet, and also watching the process go without complications. Let's take for an axiom that everything went well - the kids are already crouching at the mother's belly, and the happy mother, blissfully covering her eyes, is resting.
What's next? Let the dog rest for a few hours and realize itself in a new role. Prepare for this time a place, preferably somewhere near - it can be a small box, laid with some clean cloth. Here you move the pups while you change the "postnatal bed".
Required! All the rags on which the dog gave birth - to clean, completely cover its place with clean and fresh linen (old sheets or pillow cases, depending on the size of your dog). After you finish with this procedure, leave the young mother in peace and quiet - she should rest and regain strength.
Feeding a puppy dog
Feeding the nursing bitches is not very different from her usual diet. Of course, in the event that your dog is initially accustomed to healthy food. All my dogs, I, from the first days of appearance in our house, I accustom to porridge. Cereals are the basis of canine food. Preferably - oatmeal, buckwheat, wheat, rice.
According to my observations, barley is not suitable, it starts upset stomach. Why dont know. But I try to exclude precisely barley rump from the diet of my dogs. I have dogs of large breeds, so I buy bone beef kits (by no means pork , dogs are not recommended fatty meat) and on the basis of beef (chicken) broths I cook porridge.
I recommend the addition of vegetables. Consistency - "thick soup or liquid sour cream", that is, the food should not be too liquid, but not very thick. Lactating bitch needs additional vitamins, which can be purchased at any pet store. A special emphasis should be placed on calcium - it is important for both mothers in the postpartum period, and for growing babies who will receive it with mother's milk.
I, as experienced cynologists have recommended to me, add fish oil to my dogs in the diet - either in pure form in small quantities or by replacing meat broths twice a week with fish. It turns out porridge with boiled fish on fish broth.
Remember: the expression "Dog - Dog Life" has, in fact, a deep meaning. First of all, it concerns the canine ration. Do not teach the dog to:
- Smoked products,
- Different other goodies from the table.
Excesses do not benefit the dog's health. Low-fat meat, fish, cereals and vegetables - this is enough to make your pet feel good and look great.
Walks of nursing mothers are not canceled, but only reduced in time: she herself will quickly run home, especially in the first days after childbirth. Do not forget to wipe thoroughly with a clean damp rag and paw the stomach after walking. If possible, it is better to wash with warm water. If this whole process takes place in the cold season, we must wrap up the dog before going out, protecting her mammary glands from mastitis .
So, we are fine - puppies suck milk, Mom is full and calm. Everything goes according to plan. Soon the cubs will begin to open their eyes, the battles for a more "milk nipple" will be accompanied by rumbling and rumbling, the picture is certainly touching. But time goes by quickly, and in a few weeks the bravest and active kids begin to explore the territory.
I hope you removed all carpets in advance, ensuring their safety. After all, the older the children become, the more difficult it is for their mother to clean up after them. You should constantly do the wet cleaning, not allowing any "small piles" on the way of the coming generation. And these piles will start appearing more and more often, since the moment of "bait" comes.
We feed puppies
How and when does this happen? By the age of two weeks, the little ones open eyes and ears, they begin to show curiosity. And we begin to accustom them to independence. It is advisable to immediately feed from a special bowl: pour the milk, take the cub (I usually choose the less active, since the more active crawl themselves) and slowly poke his face into the milk.
Very carefully, without pouring the baby's nasal sinuses. Milk should be at room temperature, in no way cold. Two or three days it takes to teach all the puppies to react reflexively to a bowl and to approach it on their own. This is a very funny show - crush, rumbling, squeaking, paws in milk ... I, personally, adore watching this process. To begin with, do this procedure no more than twice a day.
Four days later we add porridge. It can be oatmeal, buckwheat, rice, semolina, boiled in milk and whipped with a blender. Requiredly liquid. Three weeks passed. The little one is already running up sprawling paws to the bowl and absorbing milk porridge. And we proceed to the meat menu. As already mentioned - no pork, only beef or chicken.
The most protein meat is the seminal gland of the bull ("bull's eggs"). They can be bought at the market. Excellent and beef kidneys. Cynologists recommend giving raw meat. But I always, and without fail, carefully wrap it around with steep boiling water - just in case. And then I pass through the meat grinder. In a ready non-milk porridge I add such stuffing and begin, thus, to introduce into the puppy diet meat.
It is with the porridge and little by little - the stomach should get used to the new food. In the same way I do with the fish - file the filet with boiling water, pass through a meat grinder, add to the porridge. Simultaneously with fish and meat, we begin to add vegetables, necessarily boiled. All puppy food should still be finely ground (no slices) and sparse. And here comes the first holiday - puppies of your dog turns a month.
They are already accustomed to the bowl and know how to eat on their own. From a month old, the lure should be at least five times a day. The diet is approximately this:
- Milk porridge,
- Porridge with meat,
- Curd with milk,
- Milk porridge with the addition of egg yolk,
- Porridge with fish.
Varyiruete yourself by the circumstances, but try to ensure that the food was varied. Do not forget to add boiled carrots and beets, in small doses. When I boil the broth, I add half a small onion, which is very useful for the work of the stomach. The bulb can be caught and discarded after cooking, it takes part only during the preparation of broth.
In a month and a half a puppy can be weaned from his mother. Do not forget to drive out worms and get vaccinated, but these actions should only take place with the direct involvement of the veterinarian. And the most important thing. Give puppies, make sure that they are in good and reliable hands.
For example, I "lead" all "my" puppies for half a year: I call up with the owners, listen with pleasure to all their delights, answer all questions, sometimes even come to visit my former pet. This is called the responsibility "for those whom we tame." Happy discoveries to you in the "dog world".