Dog breeds exist in a wide variety: they are of different colors, have different lengths of hair, achieve different growth, etc.
All this variety of indoor rocks is unrelated to each other. Let's consider some representatives of this group.
This breed is intelligent and obedient and has an ancient pedigree. In the old days it was fashionable to cut this breed "under the lion" , which is a traditional haircut. Most likely poodles began to be taken out as a hunting breed, and the shaggy shepherd's dog was the ancestor of the breed. In the cultivation of the breed, there were also dogs that feed the game from the water, so the poodle adores tossing in the water.
Water games are fascinating entertainment for a poodle. He likes to jump into the water for objects thrown at her and give them to the performer. Also the poodle is an excellent seeker of truffles, which makes it irreplaceable for mushroom pickers. The reason is that a delicious truffle is hidden from the eyes of mushroom pickers, since it is completely under the ground.
Poodles are distinguished:
- By the type of wool,
Wool can be cord or curly. If the wool is cord, then it must reach no less than 20 centimeters. According to growth, there are royal poodles, dwarfish and small. The royal breed should be not less than 50-65 cm, dwarf - 35 cm, and small - 35-45 cm. The color can be:
- Black ,
And English poodles are apricot or pale yellow.
A dog with a purple tongue and the look of a small bear. There are opinions that before the Chinese fattened these dogs, then to submit this delicacy to the table. But there is no exact information about this. The breeding of the breed was carried out by the Chinese Imperial Palace.
In all likelihood the chow-chow originated from the Laikas, as they are similar to them. The usual modern type of breed was formed in England, after it was brought there from China. The nature of the dog has many features. She has strong nerves, is non-aggressive, calm, and in combination with this, she does not know fear.
To her master she is very devoted and trusts only him. At the same time, the character of the breed is more independent and independent. This dog is very difficult to train. When training, you need to get yourself into the confidence of the dog, then the chow will instinctively feel the intentions of his master.
Chow-chow absolutely lacks humor and playfulness - this breed represents calmness itself. Chow-chow has a one-color color, which can be:
- Red and blue.
The growth of dogs of this breed exceeds 45.5 cm.
Pekingese is also called the Chinese spaniel. This breed came to us from antiquity. In the imperial palaces of Beijing, Pekingese was bred for many centuries. This dog was forbidden to take out of the palace, let alone keep, to whomever. For violation of this decree, anyone was sentenced to death.
The reason for this was that the Buddhist priests declared one of the Pekingese the embodiment of the Buddha and was worshiped as a god. In 1860, Pekingese were almost destroyed. Then there was the Anglo-French-Chinese war. The combined forces of the British and French entered Beijing, which forced the Empress to leave the city.
Before disappearing, the Empress issued an order to destroy all to one Pekingese. But all the Chinese were not able to exterminate them - 5 dogs came to the British. It was these 5 dogs that saved the breed. From England, the breed dispersed around the globe, returning to its homeland. There is another version of the appearance of Pekingese in England.
In China, General Dunn served. Before the warrant in England, he asked the emperor as a gift to Queen Victoria one dog of Pekingese. But he was refused. Just before the sailing, an unknown man approached the general and handed him a small basket, saying at the same time that the basket should only be opened at sea.
After going to sea, the general opened the basket and saw in it a tiny sad Pekingese. It was also in 1860. In 1900, Europe and the United States suppressed a boxing uprising in China. At that time, a large number of Pekingese, who were caught in the gardens of the imperial palace, were transported to Europe. In England the breed was bred with great success.
Germany has also become a great breeding center for breeding Pekingese. Here they were bred in the Baden-Baden manor. The boughs and males had separate large halls, and in a special room behind the Pekingese cosmetic care was carried out, up to the cleaning of the teeth. Dogs ate select meat of veal and mutton, and they cost not at all cheap.
Pekingese has a different color - from white to golden and fawn, and a black mask on the muzzle is highly desirable. The height of the dog is 23-25 cm. A good sign is considered to be as little growth as possible. Weight reaches no more than 6 kg.
Hin is a Japanese dwarf spaniel. Hin was a sacred dog, and for many hundreds of years it was taken from aristocrats and temples. Hina as well as Pekingese was brought to England in 1860 and was very appreciated. Hin is translated from Japanese as a "treasure".
Japanese hin has a white color, in which there are black or red spots. The height of the dog is 30 cm, and the weight is up to 5 kg. The best qualities are the smallest height and weight. Some dog breeders in Japan keep very small chinas, which weigh only 500 grams.
Maltese is called the Maltese lapdog. This is a very ancient breed that came to us through the ages from ancient Greece. There is a vase from Athens, which was made in the X century BC. On this vase painted a dog with the inscription "Maltese". The English worked on the breed and created a very woolly dog.
The wool of Melite is straight, shiny, silk falls down and has a length of 22 cm, which is equivalent to the growth of the dog itself. Melite is very similar to the French lapdog with one difference: the latter has very curly hair. The breed has a snow-white color or shade of ivory. The height is 21-25 cm, and the weight is 3-4 kg.
Previously, the pug was very fashionable, it was worn everywhere ladies. The origin of the pug is unknown, since there are many judgments about the origin, which contradict each other. Pug is a very ancient breed. Until the 17th century, the breed was bred in Holland, and after Duke Wilhelm of Orange (later the English king) brought the pug to England.
As can be seen from the surviving portrait of George III, this breed was very much loved by the royal family. The pug has a bulldog face, a coiled tail and half-eared ears. There are pugs with long and short hair. In short-haired pugs, wool is not curly, but very long and dense, and the tail is very pubescent.
Pugs with black, yellow-brown and silver-gray color are obligatory black ears and a mask on the muzzle, there must be a spot on the forehead, and along the ridge a dark strip. The height of the dog is 25-35 cm, and the weight is 5.7-7.7 kg.
The origin is also unknown in this breed. There are two versions: he is a descendant of an English bulldog or is a dwarf dog. The French bulldog has a very mild and peaceful character. This breed very much loves affection and attention of the person.
In the dark brindle color of the breed wide white spots on the chest are rejected, and with white color discolored spots throughout the background of the wool are discarded. Pure black color is not permissible, but white may well be the case. The growth of the dog should not be more than 30 cm, and weight - 8-14 kg.
This breed is of Mexican origin. She is a representative of the breed of terriers, but very small. In general, this is the smallest dog in the world . Chihuahua has an increase of 15-23 cm, and weight 0.5-2.5 kg. The main criterion for the quality of the dog is the least weight. The coat is long and very short. With a short length of wool, it is very smooth. Color is allowed different.