Staphylococcus is a dangerous infectious disease. Dogs can have two forms. The first is a generalized disease, which involves many organs in the pathological process.
In the second - this is a complication of already developed dermatitis. And it can develop into a generalized form in the absence of treatment. Staphylococcus is a large microorganism of spherical form. It is part of the normal cutaneous microflora of the dog, but there are also pathogenic species of this bacterium that colonize the nasopharynx and skin and disrupt the vital functions of the cells.
Symptoms of Staphylococcus a dog
One of the main clinical symptoms of this disease are dermatitis . They are usually called pyoderma. They look like a shallow erosion with small discharge of exudate and periodic itching. Often affected areas are painful. There are two varieties of such pyoderma:
- The first is an acute, wet dermatitis, which is caused by wet, hot weather. Skin lesions appear in the area of the benight, groin, neck and tail.
- The second variety develops in connection with the anatomical features of those breeds of dogs in which the folds on the skin obstruct the ventilation, and also contribute to the accumulation of saliva in the corners of the lips.
In these places , hair may fall out , itching, and, as a result, scratching. If treatment does not start on time, the inflammatory process expands and begins to cover the deeper layers of the skin. Appear furuncles, ulceration, regional lymph nodes increase, it is possible and rising body temperature.
There are also signs of damage to the mucous membranes of the genital organs. In females, these are vaginitis with purulent secretions . In males - postili with purulent secretions.
Treatment of staphylococcosis in dogs
To treat this disease requires a comprehensive approach from local and general therapy. It includes antimicrobial therapy, specific immunotherapy with staphylococcal anatoxins and antigens. Specifically for the treatment of dogs, the preparation has been developed a staphylococcal polyvalent toxoid (TSA).
In the early stages of the disease and if there are no large lesions on the skin, drugs of immunoglobulins and anti-staphylococcal hyperimmune sera are used. Good results show the use of immunostimulants. The most popular with staphylococcus are courses of antibiotic therapy. The antibiotics of the quinolone group (digitox, baytrile, enroxil) are best affected.
Significantly increases the effectiveness of antibiotics for dogs , if they are used in a complex way - immediately 2-3 antibiotics. Local therapy is also needed to reduce the number of pathogens on the skin. To do this, enzymatic preparations of hemotripsin, lysozyme, cauterizing and drying preparations - a solution of alumokalic alum, 2% solution of protargol, tannin or dermatol.
Effective are chlorophyllipt and tribasque (5-tribromosalicilanilide). With a strong itch, rinsing with dimexide solution or novocaine applications is good.