Dogs of small breeds in size are divided into those (growth at the withers up to 28 cm), dwarfs (up to 35 cm) and small (up to 45 cm). Breeds of small dogs have a weight that does not exceed 10 kg, and the most popular breeds: toy terrier, dachshund, dwarf poodle, cocker spaniel, French bulldog.
See the alphabetical list: breeds of small dogs with photos and names
The most popular small breeds of dogs
In the maintenance, small breeds of dogs are quite convenient: they are easily placed in a small apartment and are not dangerous to others. But, as with any other animal with the maintenance of a small dog, it is necessary to take into account its characteristics.
Features of keeping small dogs
Thus, dogs of small breeds often fall under their feet and get craniocereberal trauma and limb injuries. There is a predisposition to certain diseases: necrosis of the head of the femur and dislocation of the knee cap, formation of calculus and not loss of milk teeth.
Since males tend to mark territory, including an apartment, they are recommended to be castrated.
Often, the owners of small breeds of dogs do not walk the dogs, accustoming them to the tray. However, regular walks are not only useful, but also more physiological for the dog.
High nervous excitability, spontaneous muscular activity and high heat transfer of small breed dogs require a lot of energy that they should receive with food. Also, large energy costs occur during the process of digestion, as the gastrointestinal tract of "babies" in relation to their body weight is more severe than in dogs of large breeds.
Therefore, their nutrition should be particularly easily digestible and at the same time rich in essential microelements, vitamins, fatty acids, amino acids.
To relieve the digestive tract, the daily diet should be divided into two meals, but not to overeating.
Another problem of nutrition is the habituation to certain foods. And if it is an unsuitable food (fat chicken legs), it is almost impossible to retrain a small dog. She will literally starve, but will not go to a bowl with "wrong" food. Therefore, it is important from the early childhood to accustom the dog to eat only food useful to her.