Types of Spitz: German and Pomeranian, small, medium, large

Фото: Немецкий шпиц
German Spitz

Spitz: small, medium, large, Pomeranian Pomeranian. And that is not all. The breed is divided into five varieties from the dwarf to almost a giant, but the definition of the giant is very conditional. So meticulously to divide five species of breed on thirty centimeters of a body the Germans could only.

The great charm of these dogs has nothing to do with the cold rationality of the Teutons. Around 1450 the word "spitshund" arose. Breeding work with the breed began in the XVIII century.

German Spitz

The family of German Spitz is very large and formed as a result of significant rearrangements of the breed in the International Cynological Federation (FCI). Once large spitz belonged to the "second" group of girlfriends or sports dogs. And the Spitz fell into the "ninth" group - decorative ones. According to the latter classification, dogs are included in the "fifth" group, which includes all breeds such as Spitz. But what does this type mean? And it means the so-called fox dogs, which are united by the following characteristics:

Long wool, twisted up tail, compact body. A broad forehead and pointed nose - that remotely resembles a fox - and ears stick. The image of these dogs was found in Europe, Central and South Asia, Madagascar, Egypt and China. For example, a chow-chow is a Chinese dog with very ancient roots. The same Italian Spitz, as well as the northern Samoyed. The reason for the development of dogs of the same type in different parts of the world seems to be their close relationship to the wolf - the ubiquitous predator.

Dogs like Spitz, both externally and character similar to a wolf. They have a very developed sense of flock. A group of spitzes of any age, color, sex - will certainly get into a pack and choose one dog for the role of leader. This means that the Spitz is not particularly liable to training, and the person does not particularly seek to subordinate the Spitz's temper. It must be because he already thinks it is perfect.

Today breeders of small, medium and dwarf Spitz are guided by the creation of decorative dogs with beautiful hair and a funny, light temper. They have fully achieved this goal. Little Spitz is simply adorable! Even half a second will not sit quietly! In larger breeds - the Greater and the Wolf Spitz , the qualities of guard dogs are cultivated. They are calmer than the small ones, their temper is cheerful, but restrained. ..

Big Spitz

Кеесхонд (немецкий вольфшпиц)

Not too common. Wolfspitz is much more common. He rightfully owns the definition - a giant. If you continue the series - dwarfish - small - medium - large. But you can hardly call a giant dog, whose height at the withers reaches 50 cm.

Thus the largest is now recognized as Wolfspitz or the wolf Spitz (for the color of the wool) - the homeland of which is Germany.

Until now, dogs bred in Germany ( WOLFSC ), England and the Netherlands ( KEESHOND ) differ in appearance and in character. The Germans are harder, more serious, and can even bite an uninvited guest. (!). In dog breeding, the official (or "useful") breeding of the breed is considered a priority, and the right to dictate the standard should be given to Germany. Perhaps there is a need for an international cynological association (FCI) to divide the room and guard spitz into different categories ... But, however that may be, a common standard for all Spitz is left alone. And this is the wool of a spitz.

Кеесхонд (немецкий вольфшпиц)

Double, consists of a straight long, unguided covering hair and a thick short undercoat that resembles cotton wool. Dogs differ and in prevalence - KARLIKOVY or Pomeranian Spitz - is known all over the world. It is recognized by all the dog clubs in the world. It has gained popularity thanks to its amazing color, which none of the breeds has.

Standard Spitz

Spitz is a short, square dog with a fierce posture.

The body should be covered with wool on a thick dense undercoat. Around the neck there is certainly a collar, like a lion's mane.

The head, which resembles a fox, is of medium size. Forehead - wide, gradually narrowing towards the nose. The length of the nose is moderate. Nose tip roundish, small, it is desirable that it would be slightly upturned (this gives a plaintive-contented expression). The muzzle is not too wide. The Spitz's eyes are intelligent, inquisitive, always dark and slightly slanting. Ears are small, sharp, set close to each other, they have a triangular shape and a hard tip. Ears always stand upright.

The neck is small.

The back should be as short as possible and absolutely straight from the withers to the tail, which is perpendicular to the back and twists forward. Either lies to the right or left in the form of a real ring. Or it stands on its back on end.

Paws are proportional to the trunk, not long, strictly vertical. On the hind legs - "pants", rich stripes. The feet are not too bent. The foot is small, with crooked fingers, like a cat's paw.

Wool on the muzzle above the ears and on the paws is short and thick, but on the whole body is long. The feature of the spitz is that it is smooth and soft, never gets tangled, does not curl, does not form bald spots. On the back, the wool is not divided into partings and with soft fluff surrounds the body. A characteristic feature - the coat does not fit, but stands almost vertically, which gives the dog a very typical species for this breed of dogs .

Dimensions and color. According to the species

The height of Wolfspitz is 45-55 cm at the withers. Maximum up to 60 cm. The main thing is that the rest of the body is developed proportionally (square). Gray wool with black tan - the only acceptable color - with characteristic light "glasses" around the eyes. On the chest, belly and tail, the wool is lighter.

Large Spitz - the height can be from 40 to 50 cm. Admissible colors - white, black, brown.

The middle (Mittel) Mittelspitz is 30-38 cm at the withers. All colors are allowed - White or gray, black dog or brown, orange and ... all others.

Small Spitz - 23-29 cm at the withers. Varieties of color, as in the middle. The "other" colors include motley - very common in America, few are found in Europe - almost unknown.

Pomeranian Spitz - 18-22 cm. We admit any color, but at the exhibition they are evaluated all together. I will explain - in many European countries judges prefer the classic orange color. In the United States, unusual colors are more appreciated. Unrestrained gaiety and cheerfulness are related to all Spitz. Big spitz, however, more impressive than small ones, who would just frolic ... Medium, small and dwarf combines speed, mobility and irrepressibility.

They are sometimes rattled, like mad ... walking on their hind legs! They need to get closer to the owner, look into the eyes and explain a lot to him. Spitz is capable of various tricks and numbers that no one taught him. He invented them himself for the joy of his masters. Make a pirouette is a common thing if you want to achieve a tidbit or an extra (which does not happen much) affection. The ingenuity and agility of these dogs speaks of an extraordinary intelligence and ingenuity. This is another great advantage of Spitz, more important, I dare say, appearance.

But in order to comprehend the depth of the dog's mind, constant communication is necessary. It's not enough just to read books and watch the programs. Of course the Maltese lapdog is charming in its gentle mantilla to the floor! But! Who once met a Spitz, let it into his heart, this is forever. The one who bought himself a spitz, of any size, falls in love with this dog recklessly and will never change for another breed. Even cats adore small spitz dogs and often make friends with them.

But on the other hand. A sharp mind and natural wit in a company with independence give rise to many difficulties in training. Somehow the Spitz will always find a way to insist on his own. Typically, indoor dogs are more spoiled, caressed and contented with life. As an intelligent and cunning dog (fox), they know how to use everything they are given and more often they give orders to the owner - "caress me, feed me, play with me ... I want to walk!" (It's worth seeing! ...)

However, as a schooling dog, they respect the leader. The owner is obliged along with the tenderness to show firmness - and this will be taken for granted, with joy and love at the same time. Otherwise, the root of evil is not in the dog's willfulness, but in the excessive gentleness and condescension of the master.


They seem like a toy. But even if you convince yourself that these are real dogs, they still look very nice and strange. Especially their color. But there is a way to determine what will be your pet - look behind his ears. ... Here it is - a real orange color! Approximately in five (5) months puppies look the present ugly creatures. At this time the dogs change their children's fur to a luxurious coat.

Some owners are even frightened that the puppy was struck by an incurable skin disease. But he is healthy - this is evidenced by his same liveliness and appetite. A month with a little, endure this glorious, cheerful, but freak and you will be rewarded with true gold and envy of friends when it is covered with luxurious, shiny fur! I must say that the hair of Spitz is changing several times during the entire period of growth and flowering.

After all, and to old age, Spitz do not lose their special attractiveness. If in other breeds the wool eventually falls down or grows bald , then at the Spitz it becomes thicker. Though not so brilliant. Proper care (loving owner) will help you and the dog to keep the ideal shape for the rest of your life. However, they do not lose their special attractiveness to old age. In the declining years, dogs are not only exceptionally beautiful, but also mobile. (And dogs live up to 15 years minimum)

Whatever the growth of the Spitz was not his cheerfulness is incomparable and contagious. Spitz is a kind of protection letter against boredom and loneliness!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Now reading