The Pomeranian Spitz is a daring, extraverted, faithful and glorious dog. Pomeranian Spitz is smart, easy to train and they really like to please their masters. Learn more about the breed: a description of the Pomeranian breed, standard, temperament, care for the Pomeranian Spitz and photos.
|Ability to train|
|Attitudes towards children|
It's hard to imagine that such a tiny handsome man with a pretty face, like a Pomeranian pomeranian, came from large and hardy northern dogs. But, according to most researchers of this breed, it really is this: the ancestors of the Pomeranian Spitz lived in the territory of modern northern countries, in particular Switzerland, back in the Neolithic period. This is evidenced by the burials discovered by archaeologists, in which so-called fossil spitzes were discovered.
There are other versions of the homeland Spitz: the researchers call the states of Antiquity, ancient China and even Egypt. In order to prove their correctness, they bring images of dogs resembling Spitz, on objects of culture and life of the peoples of these countries. But still there are more reliable arguments among the supporters of the northern version of the breed's origin.
Northern Spitz were much larger than their miniature descendants: they were used because of their strength and endurance, even as sled dogs. On the territory of more southern states, Spitz were used as dogs for the protection of property, homes, they also guarded ships in ports. However, attractive appearance led to the fact that, along with a large line of the Spitz-shaped dogs, another one developed, in which smaller representatives of the breed were cultivated. This led to the fact that already in the Middle Ages Spitz became favorites of the aristocracy, they enjoyed special respect among noble ladies, including royal blood.
Most of the interest in Spitz was shown by the inhabitants of medieval Germany. Already in the 15th century Spitz was bred there, called "Spitskhund", whose appearance is very similar to the modern representatives of this breed. The development of the breed continued in different centers of the medieval state, and led to the fact that already in the 18th century this breed successfully formed and gained popularity. Some experts give the palm of first place in the development of the breed to the German city of Württemberg, others - Pomerania, in which the breeding of Spitz was done according to scientists, not even Germans, but Finns. Nevertheless, traditionally the fathers of the Pomeranian Spitz breed are considered to be German dog breeders who aspired to bring out as miniature dogs as possible.
Noble work on breeding ornamental breed was continued by the English, the example of which was given by Queen Victoria herself. Her pets participated in exhibitions, the breed became more popular, because everyone wanted the same interesting dogs, like the beloved queen. In 1870 the Pomeranian Spitz was recognized as a breed by the English Kennel Club, and a year later a separate Club of Pomeranian Spitz appeared. Most of the representatives of the breed were imported to England from Germany, and their breeding was done by wealthy ladies-enthusiasts.
British Queen Victoria in 1888 conquered the Pomeranian Spitz named Marco, from which the breeding of the breed began in England. The darling was buried next to the queen.
The main direction in breeding was to obtain smaller individuals. For convenience, the English divided all the species into 2 species depending on the weight: the border between them was a measure of 7 pounds (3 kg 175 g.). The second direction was an increase in color options: the first Spitz were mostly black and white. Began to appear nurseries, specializing in the breeding of a certain type of Spitz: for example, miniature beige Pomeranian Spitz.
In 1892 Pomeranian Spitz swam across the ocean and began to conquer the American public. This breed immediately made a splash, although before its official recognition, the American Kennel Club was still far away. The first monopedigree exhibition of Pomeranian Spitz was held in America in 1911, the first champions appeared, which gave birth to numerous famous offspring. At that time the most popular colors of Pomeranian Spitz were black, white and chocolate. Blue color was also welcomed, which was difficult to obtain and preserve at the genetic level.
The Americans continued breeding work in breeding miniature dogs, which are preferred at exhibitions. In the selection process, many interesting features have been noted, for example, that White Spitzes are the largest. It has also been proved that too much reduction in size leads to various violations in the proportions of the body and affects the successful reproduction of the offspring.
Most of the Pomeranian Spitz kennels in the history of the breed's existence were founded by women.
In general, it can be noted that the history of the Pomeranian Spitz breed is associated with interesting metamorphosis. Appearing in northern Europe as service dogs, the ancient Spitz of draft power and guards turned into favorites of noble ladies in Medieval Central Europe. By now they have turned into elite participants of show-exhibitions, but at the same time they preserved beautiful thick wool and fervent temper of their ancestors.
Spitz were the favorites of great women: Catherine the Great, Empress Josephine, Queen Marie Antoinette.
Standard of Pomeranian Pomeranian breed: main characteristics
Pomeranian Spitz refers to a dwarf variety of Spitz. In Russia, there is a standard adopted by the international cynological federation FCI. In America, there is a standard according to which the upper limit of growth at the withers of Pomeranian Spitz is 26 cm. According to the FCI standard, the growth in dogs of this breed is 18-22 cm.
The format of the case is almost square, that is, the height is related to the length as 1: 1.
The type of constitution of the oranges is dry and strong, in a physique the decorative elegance is combined with strong musculature.
The head is small with a round short muzzle that narrows, resembling a fox. The posterior part of the skull is the widest, and from it there is a smooth wedge-shaped narrowing to the lobe of the nose. Not allowed a sharp narrowing, this transition is gradual and inconspicuous. The muzzle is in proportion to the skull as 2: 4.
The nose is black, brown for brown. The same color and the lips, which fit tightly to the jaws.
The jaws have a scissor bite, but a pincer bite is also acceptable.
Eyes oblong in shape, slightly obliquely set. The animated expression of the eyes gives the Spitz a lively appearance.
The ears are small, erect, triangular with a sharp top, close to each other.
The neck is sturdy of medium length, covered with a thick collar in the form of a mane.
Back is short, strong and straight. The back line ends with a magnificent tail covering the back part. Thanks to this rounded line, a round compact silhouette of the Pomeranian Spitz is created.
The chest is deep and well developed.
The abdomen is moderately taut.
The tail of medium length, covered with thick wool, is set high and immediately at the base it is turned in a position upwards and forwards. Thus, he seems to lie on his back in the form of a lush fan.
Forelegs straight. Long blades pointing backwards. Muscular shoulders fit tightly to the chest. Forearms are stocky and straight, well pubescent on the back.
Paws small and well assembled, round in shape. In all colors, the pads of the paws are black, and the brown spitzes have brown paws.
Hind legs are muscular, hips and shins in length are approximately the same. Straight and parallel, up to the hock joint are covered with fluffy hair.
Wool is made up of two types of hair: a cover long hair and a thick cottonish undercoat. Short hair is found only on the head and ears, as well as on the front parts of the limbs. On the neck and shoulders a lush collar of wool, on the back of the limbs - voluminous pants, the tail resembles a lush bush of thick wool.
The color of Pomeranian Spitz can be varied. The most common are black, brown, white, various shades of red (from orange to peach), wolf, cream, black with tan, spotted. With a spotted color, the main background is white, and throughout the body there are spots of brown, black, orange and gray.
The first Pomeranian Spitz weighed over 15-17 kg.
The nature of the dwarf Pomeranian Spitz
Pomeranian Spitz is a recognized charming among dogs. The appearance with him on the street will always be a spectacular sight. It seems that this is a nice fluffy lump with which you can hug for days. But not for nothing they say that the appearance is deceptive, this rule once again confirms the appearance of the orange.
A gentle creature is only a kind of decorative dog, in the soul of the Spitz is very brave and craves adventure and feats. Therefore, in the full sense, it can not be called a sofa dog. He is not ready to lie on the couch all day, he is delighted with walks and exploring everything new. Even at home the Spitz will be active and playful. By the way, many owners of this breed characterize it as very playful. Special enthusiasm for the Pomeranian Spitz is caused by the team "Aport", he is ready at any moment to rush for a stick or toy at the call of the owner.
This cute fluffy is not so good, he is incredulous to outsiders, and is unlikely to let them familiarly stroke his beautiful fur coat. Of course, this is not a service dog, but sometimes it behaves as if it does not realize its miniature size and considers itself a big and formidable dog.
Many owners note the inclination of Pomeranians to bark, perhaps, so their genetic connection with modern Laika is manifested. In any case, barking Spitz is not without reason, it makes sense, as in the cry of a small child, and the owner's task is to understand the language of his pet .
It seems to everyone that small dogs are perfect companions for any owner. But this is not true, in particular, the Pomeranian Spitz needs a sufficient physical load in the form of games and walks. Even if you can not walk with him for long, then be ready to manifest his activity at home. He is almost always ready to run, jump and frolic. According to the playful, but not unreliable observation of the behavior of their pets, the owners of the oranges so characterize their daily routine: they sleep, eat and play.
There are among the Pomerans and such not very flattering qualities of character as self-will and stubbornness. Therefore, despite the intelligent mindset, they can be difficult to learn. They are especially reluctant to perform static commands related to the state of rest: "Sit!", "Lie!".
Another feature of their behavior is the tendency to dominate other animals. Do not be surprised if your royal pomeranian decided to subordinate a large sheep dog to his will, apparently, the continued attention to this breed of royal blood has played a role.
Spitz love to feel like the navel of the earth. This complexity in behavior is eliminated by early socialization, if other animals live in a house with a small puppy, then there will be no problems. But if you already have a grown Pomeranian Spitz, and you decide to have another pet, then your baby will show you his dissatisfaction with the violation of his legal rights. The same applies to the Spitz relation to children: he loves them and is ready to play with them only if he has got used to their society from puppyhood.
But all these small behavioral difficulties and shortcomings are immediately forgotten in comparison with the ability of the Spitz to give love and joy to its owner. These little dogs are strongly attached to a person and constantly strive to be near him. They become upset when they are left alone at home, and compensate for their temporary loneliness with increased attention to the returned master. Spitz will follow you as if tied: sit at your feet, when you cook food in the kitchen, watch TV with you and even sleep near your bed or at all on it. Be prepared for the Pomeranian Spitz to become your true friend, who will strive to participate in all your affairs.
Pomeranian Spitz always conquered the people of art. They were friends of Emile Zola and the romantic poet Jean Paul, Mozart and the artist Ludwig Richter.
Training and education
Pomeranian Spitz is smart, easy to train and they really like to please their masters. They love when their bright, inquisitive mind is at work and with great desire learn new commands. For this reason, they are very good at training obedience. Sometimes it seems that they understand every word you say. Thanks to such properties as a good ability to train and adore his master, Pomeranian Spitz is ideally suited as a therapeutic dog for the elderly, for the disabled, etc.
Quite often small dogs are bought as a gift to children. In principle, there is nothing terrible in this, but it is necessary to control whether the young owner of the dog is engaged in her upbringing. Despite the small size, Spitz can be aggressive, and when grown naughty, then bring a lot of trouble, rushing to your guests and passers-by on the street.
Rare owners are eager to master with the Spitz all the wisdom of training, because it is introduced mainly as a friend and pet. You just need to accustom him to the simplest commands of obedience, so that the dog comes to you when necessary, and stops doing undesirable actions. It is especially useful to train a Spitz to stop barking on your team.
The trainers characterize the Spitz as a clever dog, but very perceptive. If they understand that you are not persistent enough, they will begin to be obstinate, trying to ignore the execution of commands. Do not give in to the charm of your fuzzy, and you will get obedience from him. To be the owner of a beautiful dog is certainly nice, but if it is self-willed and disobedient, then it no longer seems so attractive.
Sylvester Stallone has a Spitz named Fergie, Spitz Oscar became a friend of Mickey Rourke.
How to choose a dwarf dog?
Depending on the purpose of buying the Spitz, the puppy should be selected from one of the classes: show class, breed class and pet class. The show class implies that the puppy will participate in the exhibitions, the puppies from the breed class are intended for breeding, and the pet class includes just pets "for the soul".
Of course, even if you bought a show-class puppy, no one will give you a 100% guarantee that he will become a champion. After all, much depends on caring for him, especially from feeding at an early age. Therefore, some far-sighted people prefer to buy podschennyh puppies from experienced breeders, who have properly grown them. Even if you just take a puppy with a modest pedigree, but with a standard, you have every chance to grow a champion out of him.
When choosing, pay attention, first of all, to the health and appearance of the puppy, which should not be lean and sluggish. Do not be guided by the size of the puppies, which do not guarantee that the smallest puppy will remain the smallest of all littermates.
Remember that Spitz-boys are more cool, they are cocky and stubborn in comparison with complaisant and tender girls. Although there are always exceptions to this rule.
Three Pomeranian spitzes were saved during the shipwreck of the Titanic.
Prices for Pomeranian Spitz puppies
Prices for puppies of this popular breed depend on various factors. Puppies from elite producers, especially from imported male champions, cost from 50 000 to 150 000 rubles . Puppies with more modest pedigrees cost from 30 000 to 50 000 rubles . Bitches usually cost a little more than males. Puppies "bear cubs" are more expensive than spitz-chanterelles. Most Pomeranian Spitzes are sold with documents, but even without documents, beautiful and fashionable puppies of this breed cost at least 10 000 -15 000 rubles .