During the first 14 days of his life the puppy is very dependent on his mother. She is always beside him and can take care of him: warm and wash, move from place to place, make sounds that help him develop his hearing and teach his baby to communicate.
The dispatch of his natural needs is also stimulated by the mother, since a small puppy is not yet able to do without her help. At this stage, the possibilities of the puppy are extremely limited. He sleeps about 90% of his time and sucks mother's milk about 20 times a day. The bitch is very generous to his offspring. The amount of milk produced during lactation can more than double its own weight.
Between 2 and 3 weeks of life the puppy begins to wake up. His eyes open and the senses begin to work. Now he sleeps less and at the age of 3 weeks fully able to lap independently. This means that, in addition to breast milk, he will now need a lure.
Between the 1st and 2nd months the puppy is accustomed to living in society. His feelings become sharper, he develops a sense of independence and curiosity towards the world around him. This is a very important period for the puppy and his future. He learns to communicate with relatives, other kinds of animals and, above all, with man.
The first skills of a puppy are the main science in his life. Your pet seeks to understand the basic laws and causal relationships of the surrounding world. He learns that you can not spoil your basket and bite too hard. With the help of the widest range of sounds, the puppy learns to establish contacts with others, express their needs and intentions.
For example, a growling, barking or whimpering the baby wants to say that he is hungry. Putting a paw on the head of another puppy, your young four-legged friend demonstrates which of them is the main one. The puppy begins to analyze his first experience of communication with other living beings. From it formed his concepts associated with their breed or sex. Thanks to the formation of such interpersonal relationships, the young puppy becomes a part of society, where he has to find his place, and the rules of which he will obey.
Protective functions of the newborn puppy's body are largely formed due to anti bodies transmitted by his mother with the first portions of the colostrum immediately after birth. But between the 4th and 6th weeks of life, the number of anti bodies obtained with mother's milk falls below the level necessary for the protection of the puppy's body.
During this period, the puppy becomes vulnerable to infections. In order to protect it, vaccination should be carried out in several stages. If necessary, it must be repeated. The digestive system of the puppy during the weaning period also undergoes significant changes. She is already able to cope with a new diet, including, for example, cereals, rice, corn, barley. But it loses its ability to digest milk.
The puppy has grown. Now he can live without his mother. However, separation from it must occur at a certain time: not too early and not too late.