Learn about the temperament, standard and characteristics of the St. Bernard breed. See what he likes, his description, character traits, molting and behavior. Look at the photo of St. Bernard.
St. Bernard - a brave, majestic dog, known throughout the world for his heroism. If you want a dog that will attract attention to you, take a St. Bernard. If you go out with her on the street, you will be stopped every two meters. At first glance at this dog, it catches the eye that it is simply huge and looks very provocative. But the soul and temper of these animals is always very mild.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
See photos of the breed »
Initially, the St. Bernards saved people trapped in avalanches. They have a great desire and instinct to seek and find people. They say that these innate search engines with an excellent nose can find a person buried under a 6-meter thick snow layer. Their strong arched legs and large paws make them stable and allow them to drip fine.
Because of the structure of the jaw and chin, they always have sagging skin in the muzzle area. If you want to take St. Bernard, be prepared to be wet. It is believed that the St. Bernards originate from the family of mastiffs, and they can weigh from 50 to 100 kilograms.
This heroic breed first found its vocation in the Swiss Alps, in the legendary shelter for travelers, held in winter on treacherous winter trails. It was the shortest route between the north and the south and a direct route to Rome. The orphanage was founded in the 11th century by the monk Bernard de Menton and in the 1700s there first appeared dogs. Soon the monks discovered a supernatural gift from these dogs. They not only felt the approach of snow avalanches, but were endowed with the inexplicable ability to find avalanche victims under snow. (You can also read about the golden retriever who saved his master )
The Swiss Alps are known for their cold weather and avalanches, reaching 18 meters in height. Initially, the St. Bernards had a short and smooth coat, inherited most likely from mastiff. When in the 19th century, because of diseases and cold winters, half of the dogs perished in St. Bernard's monastery, the monks crossed St. Bernard with Newfoundland. The newly bred breed of long-haired dogs had only one drawback: all the time, clumps of snow and ice adhered to their thick wool. But regardless of the length of the wool and smooth-haired and long-haired St. Bernard is able to work as rescuers.
Today St. Bernard is still bred in this shelter. And although people are now being rescued by helicopters and a lighter German shepherd , the St. Bernards are still being prepared for rescue competitions. Perhaps, therefore, this breed has spread so much today because of the similarity between monks and dogs. Both of them are hungry to serve people. Over the past 200 years, the St. Bernards have saved more than 2,000 lives.
Both short-haired and long-haired St. Bernards need moderate care and strongly shed twice a year. They have a very oily, water-resistant skin, so do not wash them too often to not wash off the natural fat again from the skin.
It is best to feel the St. Bernards in a cool place. This breed of dogs perfectly tolerates even very cold weather. They have a very thick and thick coat with a double layer that warms them well. The outer layer does not miss either cold or heat, and the internal layer complements its effect, so they do not freeze and do not overheat. So the St. Bernards are well tolerated by any weather, but they prefer a cool climate.
Calm temper, great strength and endurance make St. Bernard the best mountain rescuer. St. Bernard can feel a man for 3 kilometers in a headwind, and also find a body under the snow, located at a depth of 4 meters.
Monks from the monastery of St. Bernard said that dogs can hear or somehow feel the formation of an avalanche. It is also said that the nose of these dogs can foresee the approach of the blizzard 20 minutes before its start. And those who disdain these signs, going to the mountains, it remains to remember some prayer and hopes that St. Bernard is already looking for him.
Finding a person, St. Bernard will lick his face so that he does not fall asleep and will lie on a person so that he gets warm.
Speaking of St. Bernard, it is impossible not to mention one of them - Bari, St. Bernard , who for 12 years, being exposed to dangers, saved 41 people. This is really heroism. Since then, the most daring puppy in every new generation of monks called Bari. Bari became a famous symbol of the monastery of St. Bernard. Having decided to start St. Bernard, you must think about the future. It's not easy - "Oh, how I like this puppy!" Before buying such a dog, you must carefully weigh everything. For example, do you have a spacious garden and a place where the dog would be cool on hot days. You must think about this. 70% of people who buy puppies do not even know what awaits them later and how to handle St. Bernard. St. Bernards not only take up a lot of space, but they still have a lot of wool. Inexperienced owners see only the kindness of the dog and its friendly nature. Which dog is still able to play with the animal, which is 10 times smaller than the dog and does not crush it.
St. Bernard belongs to dogs of large breeds , so you should have enough space and money to keep them. Therefore, in an urban environment, it is difficult for them to get what they need for life. As for health, St. Bernard has more problems here than other breeds of dogs . They may have painful growth spikes, joint and heart problems. So that the veterinarians will have to lay out a tidy sum of money. These dogs are amazingly good for the family. Children with them in complete safety. St. Bernards like to obey and with proper training and healthy habits, this dog is the best for your family. This giant is extremely benevolent and he has forever taken a place in our hearts.
Growth at the withers: 61-70 centimeters Weight: 50-91 kilograms. More details in the article "The description of St. Bernard, characteristics ".
St. Bernards live an average of 8-10 years. About how many other breeds of dogs live, you can read in the article: "Lifespan of dogs How many dogs live? "
Number of puppies in litters
Recognized by cynological organizations
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR
To train St. Bernard you need to start at an early age. St. Bernard quickly bored with this process, but they always try to please their master. It is very important to go through the process of socializing St. Bernard as soon as possible. Since, it is extremely necessary that St. Bernard had good manners, namely, he did not jump at your guests, because in his adult age, his weight can reach 90 kilograms.
If you do not pass the course of socialization with a dog, then others just may be afraid of it. But a well-trained St. Bernard, with good manners, all your acquaintances will adore his kind and soft nature. Since they are all kind of trying to please their master, they are very upset if they see that you are dissatisfied with something. It is very important that in the process of training St. Bernard be calm, kind and consistent. If St. Bernard feels that training can be fascinating, where he can earn your praise, he will be happy to study to learn any team you want to teach him.
Care for him is quite simple, because even in long-haired St. Bernard, the wool is not tangled and no coils are formed on it. Usually it is enough to comb it once or twice a week. Since this breed was bred to withstand the snow and cold, in the wool of St. Bernard there is a water-repellent fat. Therefore, it is not recommended to wash too much St. Bernard with shampoo during bathing, as this will result in the washing out of the fat layer and the dog will lose its frost-resistant properties.
St. Bernard molts twice a year and at this time requires more frequent combing.
Feeding St. Bernard
Of course, despite the size, St. Bernards, like other dogs, need a natural diet. Rice, buckwheat, porridge with meat - for breakfast, raw beef stomach (udder, trachea, liver, meat cuttings) - for dinner.
In summer, in extreme heat, experts do not recommend giving dogs porridge, but this rule does not apply to pregnant and nursing St. Bernards - they should receive a full diet. The puppies are eaten six times a day. In their "menu" it is necessary to include a scoop of lean beef, rice and buckwheat porridges (the oats are given to older dogs - it weakens).
Kids will love the calcined cottage cheese, milk, which is later replaced by sour-milk products. As the puppies grow, the number of feedings decreases, and the volume of food increases at the same time.
By three months, babies are eaten four times a day, and the scabbard needs to be replaced with a scar, udder, nostrils. At the same time, we give porridge and cottage cheese. From five months the pups switch to three meals a day, and at seven they eat like grown-up St. Bernards twice a day.
Do not lose contact with the breeder from whom you purchased the puppy. First, of course, he is interested in the fate of the baby he sold. Secondly, people who have known the breed for many years are able to give you valuable advice. In the event that you do not have time to cook for dogs, buy dry food from world famous manufacturers. This will not replace the St. Bernards of cereals, but it does not harm either. Depending on the season, dogs can eat vegetables and fruits - dogs, like humans, are very useful in vitamins .