The Russian toy terrier is a strong enough breed, but there are health problems that often arise in toes due to their small size. The greatest attention should be paid to the musculoskeletal system of these dogs.
Diseases of the locomotor system of the terriers
The most common diseases in young teens under the age of one year are due to genetic abnormalities, as well as pathology related to trauma.
Active small dogs often fall from the couch or jump from their hands and get fractures and dislocations. So most often there is a dislocation of the humeroscapular joint, a fracture of the bones of the forearm, a condyle of the humerus, metacarpal bones.
And even in the case of dislocation, surgery is necessary to install the prosthesis, and in case of a fracture, a needle is inserted. This is the only way to completely restore limb functions and remove lameness. To prevent such problems with the health of the terriers should be protected from jumping from high places - more than half a meter.
Genetically caused anomaly in the toes - aseptic necrosis of the head of the femur or Legg-Calvet-Perthes disease, which manifests itself limp on the hind legs. This disease develops in puppies from 6 to 9 months, but the symptoms are already present in a one-year-old dog. If it is not treated, then the hind legs atrophy.
Genetically, such pathology as medial dislocation of the knee cup is also caused. The dog limps and walks on the half-bent limbs.
Neurological diseases of the terriers
Hydrocephalus can be suspected for enlargement of the skull, as well as for a number of symptoms: circling, "stumbling" on objects, walking without purpose. It is treated only by surgery - ventriculo-peritoneal bypass.
A fairly common diagnosis in dwarf rocks is atlantoaxial instability. This displacement of the first cervical vertebra relative to the second, which squeezes the spinal cord and the dog experiences acute pain, its limbs cease to move. For treatment, the first and second vertebra fusion is used.
Portosystemic anastomosis can occur at any age. It is caused by the presence of an abnormal vessel in the liver. As a result, blood with toxic products of metabolism, flowing from the intestine, passes the liver, where it must be cleared and immediately enters the heart, and then to the brain. This leads to neurological disorders: lethargy, depression, refusal of feed, convulsive attacks and even a coma. Treatment is conducted as conservative methods: a special diet, medications, and with the help of surgery.
Other diseases of the terriers
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can develop due to improper feeding (too fatty food, a sharp change in diet), after removal of a foreign object from the intestine, as a complication of cholecystitis or gastritis.
A dog can vomit after eating, it can generally refuse to feed, whine while probing the belly, hunch back, it can have a frequent loose stool with an unpleasant smell. A dropper is placed on the dog to eliminate electrolyte disturbances and dehydration; Injecting antiemetics and anesthesia.
Genetically, that terriers are predisposed to eye diseases. Dogs over 5 years of age have cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy.
To be more confident in the health of the puppy and reduce the diseases of the terriers to a minimum, buying it is only in the clubs of reliable breeders. Otherwise, the risk of acquiring a nervous animal is high, which will constantly tremble and everyone is afraid.