English dogs were imported to Russia at the end of the 19th century, but they proved to be of little use for Russian conditions of bird hunting. A need for a small unpretentious and hardy girlfriend's dog was. Therefore, lovers of the new breed for breeding began to select more temperamental and high-legged dogs, write springs from abroad. So by the middle of the 20th century a Russian spaniel appeared, possessing the necessary field qualities: good instinct, endurance, energetic search, innate propensity to serve, perseverance.
It is used for hunting in the whole territory of Russia in the field, marsh, waterfowl and steppe poultry. His task is to find a bird and raise it to the wing. After the hunter shoots, at his command, the spaniel must deliver the broken game.
Appearance and size
Russian spaniel is a long-haired dog of small stature, strong and slightly squat build. Males have a height at the withers of up to 44 cm, females - up to 42 cm.
The backbone of the dog is strong, well developed musculature. The males have a high withers. The tail is thick at the base and straight. Half its length is stopped. His dog holds it almost on the line of his back.
A distinctive feature of the Russian spaniel are long and wide hanging ears . They fit tightly to the cheekbones. The length of the slightly elongated ear should extend to the lobe of the nose along the length.
The dog's fur is long and glossy and soft, slightly wavy. Short hair on the front of the legs and head. On the back, neck, sides and groats - thick and long. Color can be monochrome - black, red or brown. Also there are two-colored dogs - red-piebald, brown-piebald or black-piebald. There are also trichromatic - white with smears or spots and black or brown with tan.
The nature of the Russian spaniel
This is a cheerful and very friendly dog with a balanced character. Excellent not only a hunter, but also a companion. He likes free long walks in the woods, loves to swim.
Russian spaniels perfectly get along with any pets, do not drive geese and chickens. They are perfectly suited for the role of a pet and are increasingly being created for this purpose. The owner of the spaniel simply idolizes and is always ready to follow him, whether it is a soft sofa or a cold dirty swamp.
He is devoted and tireless, well-trained. This spaniel is very fond of communicating with people, but he is unobtrusive, knows how to be inconspicuous and keep distance.
Maintenance and care
Russian spaniel is beautifully contained in the apartment or in the house. But he needs long daily walks, funny games with a ball or a wand.
His wavy hair is easily combed and no need to cut it. These dogs are not even recommended to cut, so as not to disturb their natural appearance.
Once a week, the dog is combed and cleaned, and 2-3 times a year the dead hair and down are removed, especially after hunting. You also need to regularly inspect your ears.
It is important to feed the spaniel at least two, or even three times a day.
This is a fairly healthy breed of dogs, if it is properly fed and tended. Because of the long hanging ears, the dog can develop otitis and therefore the ears should be regularly cleaned and checked. Due to malnutrition, the spaniel may experience food allergies or obesity. Therefore, you should carefully monitor the diet of the dog.
Prices for puppies
Puppies Russian spaniel can cost from $ 100 to $ 1100, depending on the prominence of their ancestors and the purpose of the dog.