Some people do not like the poodle for what they think, it is not too natural, because its complex haircut gives it a too mannered appearance, making it less attractive than dogs with a natural skin.
These people would be surprised to learn that the haircut under the lion, from which all modern poodle hairstyles occur, was done not for beauty, but for the sake of the functionality of the dog.
The aim of the poodle was to facilitate movement of the animal in the water.
- Shaved legs provided more free swimming,
- Long hair on the chest, protected the respiratory system from hypothermia,
- The pom-pon at the tip of the tail protected the tail from pricks of thorny bushes,
- Ribbon, which was tied a chub on his head was not an ornament - she did not let the wet wool fall on the dog's eyes and allowed to see it better in coastal thickets or among waterfowl.
So, the cropped coat of a poodle is not a festive outfit, but rather a working overall. Now all charges of mannerism should be removed from him, although at exhibitions great importance is attached to his elegance, as such.
Of course, too fluffy head, not very functional, but today the poodle is a dog for the living room, and not for hunting. And in the living room they often talk about fashion and elegance. The objection of the opponents of the poodle can be as follows: talk about fashion as much as you like, but why make a dog not natural? Really, not why, if the dog does not like the haircut procedure. However, you can not say about the poodle.
He has two qualities - one physical and one mental, which makes him a perfect four-legged model. The physical quality is that his hair is not harmed by any hairstyle, but can only improve the hygiene and health of his skins. The psychological peculiarity is that the poodle has become such a close companion of a person's life that he feels true joy from all manipulations with him, including long haircuts. He does not just tolerate them, but takes part in them with pleasure.
Unlike other dogs, poodles do not even tie to a table when they are cut. He sits on it quite calmly. Often a strong attachment arises between a hairdresser and a poodle, that the dog is happy to get a haircut, and the hairdresser sometimes even celebrates her birthday, giving a poodle some toy or treat . All this will probably cause a grimace of disapproval in a person who appreciates only dogs of a wild, rustic, rustic appearance.
This attitude towards the dog is sinful. It's like taking a man as a warrior and a hunter. A modern man, like a woman, happens both at home and at concerts. He wears fashionable clothes and so on.
If, indeed, that the dog is the closest friend and companion of man, it is not surprising that there are breeds of dogs that can divide the secular life of people.
Fans of brute force and masculinity can choose a dog from 400 different breeds, but the poodle also has the right to exist and feel a full-fledged dog.
Now let's proceed to the description of different types of haircuts. They are many and constantly appear new. Each country has its own preferences. Each exhibition has its own requirements. Although the basic haircut of the poodle is all that is related to his hunting past. On its basis, you can make the most bizarre hairstyles. Classical lion's haircut of the dog is practically not practiced, its more spectacular variants are common. The most common style is continental.
Shortly the rear part of the dog's trunk is cut to the hips, the lower and upper parts of the muzzle, starting from the lower eyelids, cheeks, front legs - only cuffs remain on them. Areas of long hair and on the sacrum are acceptable. The tail is cut short. At its tip leave a round or oval pompon. On the top of the head, the wool is collected in a bundle. This is called the upper forelock.
The haircut called "pappi clip" was once made only to poodles that did not reach the junior contestants for 15 months. Today this haircut is also made for adult dogs. She became the most fashionable. In this case, the muzzle is shortened, and on the trunk and on the paws, the hair is only slightly shortened. Panties should have a clear border with a short-cropped foot. On the hind legs, panties should not hide the bends of the joints, typical for a poodle.
The head should be tonsured in the form of a nice helmet with or without top chub. Cutting a poodle for an exhibition is not easy. At least in the beginning of a dog's life it is necessary to entrust a haircut to a professional. Then you can learn to do it yourself. The hairstyle lasts a long time, about three hours for an average poodle and is quite expensive. The cost of it can increase even more if the hairdresser is known for his skill. But it's worth it. Remember that the exhibition haircut must be maintained and in the period between the exhibitions.
Wool on the head, on the back and especially on the ears should be fixed with elastic bands or special hairpins to be in order. With a fixed coat, the dog can jump and play as much as he wants. But fixing the wool is an additional work for the owner. In other, if the poodle does not participate in competitions, these concerns will not be. In this case, it is not necessary to make standard haircuts. You can choose more practical and less expensive. However, cutting a poodle is not so much for beauty, as for hygiene and health. Grooming is performed at least once every two months for an exhibition dog and every 3-4 months for a companion dog.
Classic haircuts poodle and how to cut a dog at home
Classical haircuts for a poodle are the following: "lion", "continental", "English lion", "English saddle", "Scandinavian lion" . It is these haircuts allowed at international exhibitions (however, still there is a haircut "modern"). The rest of the haircuts are considered "homemade".
- For a haircut is better to invite professionals, but in some cases you can make a haircut at home yourself.
- To create all these hairstyles, you need the following tools: a rubber-based brush, a comb with round teeth, a soft-curved pouder, hairdressing scissors, and a collo cutter. To start cutting a poodle it is desirable as soon as possible, repeating after that a haircut every week.
- They cut the dog after bathing, and only after drying the hair. Before washing the poodle, it is carefully combed - at first a rare comb, and then a brush-pudding. In this case, the collars should be disassembled by hand, and very dense - vertically cut and also disassembled. After that, the dog's hair is combed again with rare and frequent crests.
- When washing in the ears of the dog gets water, which sometimes leads to otitis (inflammation of the ear) . To prevent this disease, insert a piece of cotton wool soaked in Vaseline into the dog's ears. After that, carefully soap it twice with a diluted shampoo in water and wash it down with warm water.
- After washing, letting your pet shake several times, remove tampons from his ears, wrap the dog in a large heated towel or sheet. And after a while, dry it with a hairdryer.
- Dry the dog, starting with those parts where the hair is the shortest - lifting a hairbrush or a massage brush with a strand of wool, send a stream of warm air under it. When drying, the dog should be combed against the coat and until it dries completely to avoid the formation of unnecessary curls.
Here is your dog and ready for a haircut.
Grooming poodle "under the lion"
The technique of cutting a poodle is extremely simple - after it is well combed, a standard silhouette is cut with scissors. The comb is used to periodically comb out the hair. All parts of the body on which to completely remove the wool are processed by hand or an electric typewriter with attachments that cut "underneath"
In the hairstyle "under the lion" fully muzzle, cheeks and two thirds of the throat (V-shaped to the ears or oval). In this case, the hair is also removed from the hind paws, starting from the hock joints upwards, as well as on the inner and outer surfaces of the thigh, the croup, the groin and one third of the tail at its base. It is permissible to leave a whisker blade on the upper lip 1 cm long at the tip of the nose; The wedge should come to naught to the corners of the lips. Forelegs to the wrists are cut off forearms. Also, the fore and hind paws are carefully cut from the top and between the toes.
On the wrist of the front paws, as well as at the hocks of the hind legs and on the tail, pompoms are left which must have a round or cylindrical shape of the same size, namely: one third of the diameter of the ball or the height of the cylinder must be above the joint, and two thirds under it .
A fully cut out part of the dog should form a light oblique diagonal along the upper edge of the lumbar region, the area of the kidneys, the groin and descending down the last rib of the thorax to the abdomen. Thus, the groin and stomach must be completely cut. Above this line the dog should be dressed in a lush waistcoat, the shape of which you will create with scissors.
This is done so. The wool of the vest edge is combed back and cut in a semicircle, rising obliquely upward (if you look at the dog from the side, the edge should be straight, without a bevel back). After that, the waistcoat is cut over the oblique, rising to the back of the neck, to the highest point of the crown. The lower line is cut with a circular arc over the forelimbs before the sternum begins.
Keep in mind that at the elbow joint the poodle has a critical point where it is necessary to carefully comb it - until this hole is closed. After that, the dog's paws are sheared up to the waistcoat, slightly rounding the line so that there are no unevennesses.
The oval of the chest should be clearly visible from the front and from behind. On the front of the breast, the hair is cut in an arc. At the same time, it should be lifted upwards and slightly shortened to the beginning of the body. Try to keep the proportions in this case, not to make the chest too flat or too bulging.
After that, the hair between the forelimbs is combed and cut in a straight line.
The standard of classic haircuts allows two versions of the crown: the usual cut-off forum, the shape of the cap (keep in mind - if the haircut is done normally, the crown selection does not influence the exhibition evaluation).
Before the haircut, the crown should be combed. In the case of the usual cut shape, the crown is cut with a semicircle from the part with the eyes to the highest point of it. After this, the crown is cut from the oblique angle from the outer corner of the eye to the ears (experts do not recommend cutting the poodle from the outer corner of the eye to the ears in a straight line).
If you want to choose the second option (the shape of the cap), then in this case the wool over the ears is not sheared and combed to the ears. Crown wool with this, as well as Ears to the outer corners of the eyes, should cover the muzzle of the poodle. In both cases, the eyes should be clearly visible. After that, the top part of the crown is evenly trimmed and leveled. The crown at the base should be wide, slightly tapering upward. To the head of your poodle looked more elegant, make sure that the crown as wide as possible fell on the ears. From the front, the crown and ears should, without a ledge, cover the head without a single line, not cutting off, as with a modern haircut.
Wool should fall on the ears. Ears should also be made elegant - so that they form a single harmonious whole with the head.
In the case of a haircut "under the lion with mittens", try not to remove the coat on the forearm.
The front paws of your dog should also be given attention. Try to give them the shape of the columns, so that the first vertical line of the forearm smoothly passes into a convex arc on the front of the chest, forming a right angle with the chest at the back.
There is an American version of the standard "under the lion" hairstyle, which is usually done to the royal poodle. This variant differs from the classical one in that the wool on the head of a poodle is left unshielded, while creating the appearance of a "tail". In addition, on both sides of the vertebral ridge in the sacral-vertebral region, two hemispheres with a diameter of four to ten centimeters are symmetrically cut off.
When doing a "lion" hairstyle, pay attention to the following:
- Do not cut the back line too horizontally;
- Do not cut the line of the head too steeply;
- The contours of the hairstyle on the front of the chest should not be either too flat or bulging;
- The line of the vest should not be either too long or too short;
- An arcuate line, bounding from below the waistcoat, should begin at the level of the thighs;
- The waistcoat should not visually resemble a box or a barrel; In the first case, round the edges of the waistcoat behind, in the second case, make sure that the waistcoat reproduces the oval of the chest;
- Do not cut out the vest line from the forearms of long sleeves or short sleeves;
- Leave hair on 1-2 fingers under the elbow joint; Edges and sleeves round off together with the bottom edge of the waistcoat;
- Pom-poms should not be too small and too high.
Grooming poodle "60's" ("modern")
By the standards of this hairstyle (it is also called "under the lamb"), the fur is completely removed on the muzzle, cheeks, paws, throat, and also is cut on the abdomen (in females to the second pair of nipples, in males - 2 centimeters from the penis) and on One third at the base of the tail. On the muzzle, the antennae are very much appreciated, which it is recommended to leave. Wool on the ears is also not sheared.
As for the crown, it is cut from the ear. At the base the crown is left wider, after which it is cut along a semicircular arch, somewhat narrowing upwards. You must make a forehead with a distinct curvature, which should smoothly mesh with the highest part of the crown. Outwardly, it should look as if a crown with a wave is hanging over the eyes.
On the nape, the wool is cut so that the transition to the sides and back is as soft as possible. Wool on the body should be left short (excluding the thorax and gluteal region). To form a smooth transition to the pants of the front legs and bevel from elbow to waist, from the sides at the elbows leave a longer coat. Combing the hair and cutting the protruding hair, make the transition from the gluteal region to the pants on the hind legs.
It is necessary to achieve the most smooth transition from the back to the pants. In this case, the pants should repeat the natural contour of the hind legs and be "wide" from below. All the back from the withers to the groats cut short. Wool is highly combed and cut, paying special attention to the smoothness of the transitions from one part of the back to the other.
On the tail, the wool is shaped like a round pompon. Paws and fingers should be well cut. The wool between the pads and fingers should also be carefully trimmed so that the claws are clearly visible.
There is also the so-called "puppy haircut" - in essence, almost the same as "modern". The only difference is that in this case, almost no mane is cut, resulting in a hairstyle that is similar to "Anglo-Saxon". "Puppy hair" is allowed only up to 18 months. When cutting a "modernist" pay attention to the following:
- The nape should not be too prominent;
- The contour of the hairstyle on the chest should not be barrel-like;
- The transition to the breast should not be vertical;
- There should be no "cushions" in the transition from the back to the pants - this indicates that the wool is not trimmed enough;
- Pants should not be in the form of the letters "X" or "O", and do not form too wide a "flare" or "pipe";
- Pants should not be too short or too long;
- The crown should not be too flat, or it may be too close to the face; Also, it can not be too high-cut;
- The beginning of the crown on the forehead should be sufficiently convex.
Anglo-Saxon poodle shearing
This haircut poodle - the most winning. Dominates her contour hairstyle "under the lion" in the front of the trunk. However, the rear part is cut differently: on the loin, croup and groin, the hair is left 1-2 cm long to further emphasize the line formed by the uncut mane and steeply descending to the horizontally arranged sacral part.
Such a short cut of the croup clearly distinguishes the tail with its pompon, cut on its upper two thirds. In the "Anglo-Saxon" hairstyle, the machine completely cuts the hair on the paws, muzzle and throat.
If you are doing a model of "Anglo-Saxon" haircuts, which is called "English gray", then on the part of the forearm also completely cut out the hair; While on the hind legs are cut two narrow, horizontal, parallel to each other undercuts: the first approximately 2 cm under the knee, and the second 2 cm above the knee.
Ideally, the impression should be created, as if in this place are put on the rubber bands. The edges near these incisions are slightly rounded in such a way that three spheres are formed - on the knee, sciatic hillock and under the knee. In these places, the hair should be much longer than on the back of the trunk, and on the heel they should be about ten centimeters long.
Since the hair on the withers, head and nape are not sheared in this hair, the forehead needs a "tail" from the forehead - a top-knop, which is combed so that a smooth, diagonally curved, arched line emerges from the head to the back . Usov with "Anglo-Saxon" haircut, as a rule, do not leave.
There is also a kind of "Anglo-Saxon" haircuts with "panties and sleeves", when the forearm is not cut. Do not do this as well, and "napeschki" on the hind legs. The forearm is cut in the form of a column lowering downwards, and the contours of the fur on the hind legs repeat their natural curves.