Papillon very often affectionately called an elegant French flower. It is also called a butterfly, this is due to the fact that her ears are very similar to the beautiful butterfly wings in a straightened form. This is her most remarkable and distinctive feature. In general, this breed has many names: the very first that connects it with its roots is the dwarf continental toy spaniel, but the main name that has found its place among all lovers of dogs and breeders is the Papillon (or Papillon). But, no matter how you call this dog, its main advantage was and will be a bright effective appearance and unsurpassed intellect.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
- The history of the appearance of the butterfly papillon
- Standard of the Papillon breed
- Care and maintenance of the papillon
- Education of the Papillon
- How and what to feed the papillon
- Training papillon
- How to choose a puppy of a papillon
- Photo of the papillon
The history of the appearance of the butterfly papillon
The first dogs with standing ears, similar to the butterfly wings appeared about 800 years ago. Then it was called the continental toy spaniel. But already in those days the modern name papillon appeared. There are also phalenas. These are the same spaniel dwarfs, but only with hanging ears. It should be noted that scientists and experts still can not come to a common opinion, in which exactly this remarkable breed appeared. But of all assumptions and guesses, there are 2 main ones: the first - the papillon was formed in the 14th century, the second version, which has proofs - during the time of the next crusade in 1099, Duke Gottfried from Lower Lorraine brought to Jerusalem a funny dwarf, a "moth" dog .
It is impossible to say exactly about the time of occurrence, but it is possible to speak with confidence about the close connection of the Papillon with the royal dynasties and mysterious palace histories. There is even such a legend that the French King Henry III so adored the little butterfly dogs that he spent on their acquisition and maintenance fabulous sums from the state treasury. And at the moment when a monk came to visit the king, who really wanted to commit an attempt on him, Henry's favorite raised such a strong bark, as if he sensed that a disaster would soon befall her master. The dog was immediately deported from the royal chambers, and the attempt was nevertheless taken place.
P Donkey Henry, love for papillions gambling "picked up" Louis 14, as well as Louis XV and 16, the last Queen of France - Maria Antoinette and the most famous favorite of Louis 15 - the Marquis de Pompadour. The breed has achieved a deafening and lasting success. In those days the papillon bore the proud name of "the doggy dog of queens and kings".
It is interesting that the modern look and some standards concerning the appearance of the papillon are literally "written off" from the portrait painted by Titian, "The Daughter of Roberto Strozzi". The picture was created in 1542, it depicts a lovely girl and an equally lovely dog with characteristic standing ears, between which there was a protuberace in the head region. It was this funny, but at the same time, elegant creature became the model for the approval of the standard appearance of papillons in 1934.
In the early 20th century, English dog breeders decided to "mix" the Papillon with the Spitz. It was their most successful mite, which they brought to the breed. As a result of this crossing, the spaniel significantly improved its coat, it became much richer and healthier, shine and density appeared. In addition, now the tail of the dog "moved" to the back. And from now on, the main features of the papillon are well-pubescent ears, tail and magnificent basic wool.
Character of the Papillon
Before talking about the features of her character, I would like to note the fact that the papillon has not left the ranking of the "smartest" dogs of the planet for several decades. And she takes 8th place! This place belongs to her by right. After all, this dog is a happy owner of an exceptional and outstanding intellect. Therefore, do not underestimate it and think that since this dog is "miniature", then it will gladly become a hand toy.
Papillon is an insanely loyal, faithful and friendly animal. Due to their small size, they are very lively, active and playful. They can be called "eternal children". But to sit in one place and indifferent to observe what is happening around them, whether even the warm hands of their master, they will never be. It's not about their character. They just love to frolic and tirelessly explore the world around him with his variety. This includes gambling for small prey, such as mice or flying insects.
Despite all the fun and playfulness these dogs really need timely and correct socialization. Otherwise, there will be no trace of their friendly and affable appearance. They quickly cross the line from play to aggression and can even bite. And this is a habit. Beginning to teach all the rules of communication is necessary from the very puppy's age. If you do it right, then this shaggy little lump will become a wonderful and cheerful friend for you and your family.
Papillon is filled with optimism and eternal joy. He will be able to cheer his master even on the most gloomy day. Another feature of the dog "butterfly" is that it knows how to predict and catch the mood of its owners. For example, if everyone wants peace and quiet pastime, then the Papillon will also adjust to this wave. She will also be happy to join the company with the children.
It should be noted that the pets of this breed are very attached to their masters. Sometimes this attachment can be called "sick". That is why the Papillon is not recommended to leave one. If his bipedal friend is not around for too long, he will be very depressed, will experience psychological discomfort and may even get sick. In this regard, the papillon will never tolerate cruel treatment, rough intonation and physical punishment. They are so vulnerable that they can even take offense at a little curse or cry.
We can say that the papillon has a human character. In addition to the intellect, nature awarded her an impeccable memory. They are sensitive and open, playful and inquisitive. There is even such a "human" trait as jealousy. Yes, she can be jealous of you not only to other pets, but also to people, and even to relatives and friends. But what exactly she will not do is bark without a reason. If the dog decides someone or something to bark, then for this there will be the most compelling reasons.
Standard of the Papillon breed
Appearance of the papillon - "butterfly" can be safely called luxurious. This miniature spaniel was gifted with a physique in which everything harmonizes: the muzzle is thin and graceful, slightly shorter than the skull, the skeleton is very strong, but at the same time, visually fragile, and the dog's movements are light and graceful, impregnated with nobility and aristocratic . Her torso is short, but long. An excellent bonus was a rich and healthy coat, and, of course, its famous butterfly ears and a pubic tail.
The head of the papillon differs from ordinary spaniels in its lightness and small size. But it corresponds to the size of the trunk. The skull can not be called perfectly round. The line of transition from forehead to muzzle is pronounced.
The nose of this breed should be small, round in shape, black in color. If you look from above, it may seem that it is slightly flattened, but its back is flat and straight. Muzzle a little pointed and quite a bit upturned up. The lips of the papillon are characterized by a strong pigmentation, they fit tightly to the jaw, compressed and thin. By the way, the jaws of this breed are very strong, the grip is strong and powerful. The bite should be a scissor. As for the language, it must be carefully hidden behind the teeth. If it sticks out and does not retract into the oral cavity, then this is a serious defect.
The eyes should be well open, large and in the form of almonds, but wide. It may seem that they are planted too low, but most importantly - the eyes should not be bulging. Papillon has a very expressive look, the eye color should be dark, the eyelid is also pigmented.
Finally, the most important thing is the ears. They are large, but they are delivered quite firmly. For hanging and standing ears, there are common standards. For example, in both cases the tip of the ear should not end with a rigid cartilage. The ears should be shifted slightly back on the head. Also, they should be separated from each other by such a distance that you can clearly see the round shape of the dog's skull.
It should be noted that there are 2 varieties of miniature spaniels: papillons and phalenes. Their significant difference from each other only in that the papillon's ears are standing, and the phalena's are hanging. Now it is a papillon with standing ears, so for him there is a separate standard with its own nuances. The ears of the Papillon should be planted high enough, and their shells open and turned to the sides. The ear on the outside is well covered with hair, and the longest is closer to the edge.
As for the neck, it is not too long, and in the occiput, it takes a slightly curved shape. The tail is well pubescent, set rather high on the back line. Visually, the tail of the papillon resembles an amazing flowing fountain. In an excited state, the tail should be thrown on the back or on the hip of the dog. If the tail is folded into a ring or semicircle, and also lies flat on its back, then this will be considered a serious deviation from the standard.
The paws of the butterfly papillon are considered long in relation to its trunk. They are even compared with "hare" paws. The claws must be thick, powerful and preferably black in color. If the dog of this breed has a white coat color, then the claws are painted white. The fingers on all the paws are mobile, between them is a long coat. Papillon is distinguished from other breeds by its smooth, unusually light, elegant and, at the same time, proud movements. Her walk is full of confidence and aristocracy.
Care and maintenance of the papillon
At first glance, it may seem that the care and maintenance of papillions is a complex and tedious process. But it is not so. Care can be called easy, but, nevertheless, a little work for the benefit of the dog you will have.
If it's a puppy, then the most important thing is attention and care. But the corresponding care has not been canceled yet. Puppies "butterflies" are very nice creatures, reminiscent of a woolen ball, which is very in need of warmth and care. Small carp are sensitive and vulnerable, so they immediately feel the mood and attitude of their host to them.
Proper care for the puppies of the papillon includes several points:
- Cleanliness and tidiness - hair, ears, nose, eyes should always be clean and well-groomed;
- Daily walks in the fresh air - even if you have a shortage of time, you should still give the dog at least 20-30 minutes, this will be enough for the puppy to spend a little energy and remain satisfied. On the day of such walks there must be at least 2;
- Regular, regular and healthy food - for the growing organism this is the most necessary. For puppies, there is a special diet, as well as the rules of feeding, so it is better to consult with veterinarians;
If we are talking about an adult pet, then care will also not be a problem and it will not take much effort. The most important thing that the owner should pay attention to is the coat. Wool reflects the health of the dog, so it should be thick, clean and shiny. If the hair suddenly becomes dull, then this is an alarming "bell", which speaks of unfavorable changes in the dog's body.
The wool of a papillon is its pride and distinctive feature, therefore it is necessary to look after it every day. For combing, use special combs and gloves. As the pet gets soaked, you need to bathe with dog shampoo.
It should be noted that the process of caring for Papillon's wool is more complicated than in the case of other breeds. But this is not so difficult. To comb out it is necessary not less than 2-3 times a week, and during molting (in the spring and in the autumn) - every day. The combing will not only save you and your house from constantly flying and to all sticking wool, but also the dog from discomfort. For hygiene purposes, veterinarians recommend cutting the hair around the pads on the paws, as well as on the abdomen.
To bathe a dog it is possible both usual human shampoo, and special canine. But, nevertheless, it is recommended to apply special. This will help preserve the natural healthy shine and shade of the coat.
In addition to wool care should be carried out behind claws. Regular inspection, getting rid of growths and haircut. Between the claws of the papillons is a lot of long and thick wool, it must be periodically cut.
Education of the Papillon
The breed of the butterfly papillon is often called one of the most easily fertilized breeds. They are very inquisitive, love everything new and are interested in almost everyone. But there are certain characteristics of this breed, where it is a question of the desire of the papillon to dominate other animals and even people. Therefore, education and training should be started immediately after the appearance of the puppy in your home.
What is the education of the Papillon? First of all, this is the development of basic skills of behavior. Develop these skills need from the very first months of the puppy's life, the earlier, the better. Despite the age, the karapuz very quickly understands what they want from him.
As mentioned above, the papillons are among the top smartest dogs on the planet. It would seem that this dog with an eternally childish character, constantly wanting to frolic and "fooling around", but at serious contests and exhibitions papillions show the best results that few people manage to surpass.
The owner must clearly and confidently let the pet know what he wants, what can be done and what can not be done. To do this, it is necessary to use commands and actions, to react correctly. You need to make it clear to the dog that she is in your house and the landlord is alone here.
In general, the Papillians are perfectly amenable to adjusting their upbringing, they often do not even need to be commanded, they will understand simply the words. Like any other breed of papillon, you need to be encouraged for every positive result, for every command you perform. This can be a gentle word, stroking or delicacy. All dogs appreciate a kind attitude towards themselves.
A dog of this breed can adapt to any situation. It will easily master all your requirements and rules of conduct. No aggression or even a hint of discontent on her part. What you should always remember, it's about jealousy. The arrival of guests can cause a papillon storm of resentment and jealousy. Try to prevent this.
If you do everything right, then raising the papillon should only give you pleasure and charge positive. Despite the fact that the entire educational process takes place in a game form, it is necessary to ensure that the papillion has learned all the lessons from this game. In no case do not give in to the dog, otherwise it will instantly "climb" on your neck and "paws".
How and what to feed the papillon
Feeding papillions is not much different from feeding other breeds. No special features or special dietary rules. The dog should not be fed from the human table. This should be a separate, balanced and useful food. The fact that he will eat a papillon depends on his health and life expectancy.
If we talk about puppyhood, then we need to feed the carapace at least 5-6 times a day. Feed can be both dry and standard, but most importantly, that it is balanced. Use the feeding schedule. Eating at certain hours, the dog will quickly become accustomed to discipline. Later, the number of meals should be reduced, and by half the dog should be transferred to 2-3 meals a day.
In the diet should be present as animal and vegetable food. Puppy should only eat fresh food. This will normalize the work of the intestine. In addition to eating, the dog should always have access to clean and fresh water.
The peculiarity of feeding papillons is that it can not be overfed. And after a dense dinner, the dog should be given a rest. In food, it is desirable to add vitamins and minerals, which are so necessary for growth and health. But dry food, most often, already contains everything you need.
Like other dogs, papillions should never be fed with sweet, spicy food, onions, bones, food from your table.
For a healthy and even posture, it is recommended to put a dog bowl on a hill. That the dog does not bend over while eating or drinking. Papillon can not be brought to obesity. If the puppy should be slightly well-fed, then the adult pet is well probed for ribs.
If you decide to become a happy owner of a Papillon, and that, besides, he was well-bred and faithful, then it must necessarily be trained.
Training, as well as education should only be fun. Have enough patience and boldly begin. You can train a dog both on the street and at home. The most important and first thing that you should teach a puppy is to know your place in the house.
Since "butterflies" are very sensitive and touchy animals, you should not shout at them. Although all teams must be pronounced clearly, clearly and confidently. After the puppy has learned his place, it's time to accustom him to the toilet. At home he must do his business only in one place.
Also it is necessary to start in time the puppy to the collar and leash. But this should not be intrusive and forcible. We must try to do this as gently as possible, without hurting the psyche of a small creature. If during the walk you noticed that the puppy is very frightened and trembling, then take it in your arms and find a place where there will not be a lot of people and noise. There, the small Papillon will be able to adapt to the street environment.
When training a papillon, you must understand and make it clear to him that you are the "leader" of the pack and the head of the house. You have to become for him an authority, a teacher who will teach everything and direct where necessary.
The first thing a puppy should learn and remember is his nickname, as well as such basic commands as "lying" and "sitting." After that, you can begin to study the "voice", "next" and "wait." Do not get upset if nothing happened once. After all, a dog is not a clock or other mechanism that only needs to be made, it is a living being and already a person. Spend a little time and patience, and she will understand what you want from her.
How to choose a puppy of a papillon
First, ask yourself the question, do you want to become the owner of the papillon. If the answer is unambiguous and sure, then you need to immediately go to the most reliable and tested nursery. There are some tips and rules that will help you make the right choice.
However, if we are talking about lovers of aesthetic beauty or those who simply decided to have a papillon for their own pleasure, then there are no special criteria. You can focus on the appearance, someone wants more fluffy, and someone liked the little creature with an attractive face. It's another matter if you decide to pursue your pet professionally and drive it to various exhibitions and competitions. Here it is necessary to consider numerous factors and criteria:
- The parent of the puppy should have a good pedigree, it is desirable that they already took prizes in competitions or had awards and certificates;
- Full compliance with breed standards (color, ears, etc.);
- Appearance and physical data must match the age of the puppy and all standards;
- Proportionality of all parts of the body and head;
- The correct location of the tail and limbs;
- Absence of aggression and nervousness;
If you need a reliable guard, and a papillon can be so, then pay attention to the temperament of the puppy. He should not react to your provocations, be restrained and a little cold. It is from such a youngster that it will be possible to grow up a brave dog that will become your protection.
Choose only proven breeders. Kennels should be on hearing, have positive feedback. The breeder must provide you with all the necessary information and documents for the dog.
And most importantly - take your time with the stage of choice. This is the most important and crucial moment. Spend a little more time, take a look at the puppy, follow his behavior and appetite. Only then you can make the right choice.
Price of papillon puppies
This is not a very common breed and therefore puppy puppies cost from $ 500 to $ 1200.