The most common diseases of the German Shepherd

Болезни немецкой овчарки

In general, the German shepherd is a strong and hardy dog, although its individual representatives may have a hereditary predisposition to a number of diseases.

This primarily applies to the musculoskeletal system, since even young animals can suffer from dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints or have problems with the intervertebral discs.

Also, the representatives of this breed meet a number of different eye diseases - corneal dystrophy, cataracts, lens dislocation, pannus, dermoid, melanoma of the anterior choroid, protrusion of third-century tear gland, cartilage reversal of the third century. They are often mistaken for tumors and remove a relatively healthy eye.

The most common diseases of the German Shepherd

Shepherds rarely have such a phenomenon as bloating, so they can not be overfeeded and the quality of the feed should be monitored. Allergy in German shepherds often manifests itself in the form of dermatitis and at the initial stage can pass unnoticed. The first signs are an itch, an animal with no apparent causes such as a flea in a dog , begins to itch. But it can be a sign of skin diseases :

  • Pododermatitis,
  • Pyoderma,
  • furunculosis,
  • Seborrhea or erythematous pemphigus.

In addition, dermatitis can indicate the diseases of internal organs.

Болезни щенков немецкой овчарки

German shepherds are prone to congenital hypersensitivity to allergens of the environment - atopic allergy, which manifests itself at the age of 1-3 years. Its characteristic symptom is intense itching in the region of the paws, head, axillae. In these places there are scratching. Sometimes in sheep-dogs, the only sign of atopic allergy is otitis externa .

With age, German shepherds have an increasing risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, such as dysplasia of the tricuspid or mitral valve, stenosis of the aorta. In this case, the diseases of the cardiovascular system are more predisposed to males.

German shepherds with a black color more often than their fellow-men of another color get sick with a plague .

Diseases of German Shepherd puppies

If at a young age the sheepdog suffers from diarrhea (often it is associated with atopic allergy), then it can develop such a complication as intussusception of the intestine.

Dogs of this breed often develop leukemia and diabetes. Pups often have a deficiency of growth hormone. Such babies stop growing at the age of two months. They are proportionally stacked, but until old age they retain a "puppy appearance" although they do not live long. In such animals, hyperpigmentation of the skin and foci of alopecia , underdevelopment of the testes can be observed.

In young sheep-dogs up to a year and a half, the disease of bones of unknown origin - eosinophilic palinitis - is quite common. With it, there is an attack of a strong, then a weak limp. Most often affects the humerus.

Also for German shepherds are characterized by such pathologies as perianal fistulas near the anus and recurrent superficial pyoderma. One of the most serious problems of shepherds is paresis or paralysis of the hind limbs, which often occurs in males after 6-7 years.

Its first signs are the animal's refusal to jump over obstacles. He finds it difficult to climb the steps. With time, paralysis of the tail develops, and then of the hind limbs, incontinence of feces and urine occurs. The dog has to be put to sleep because of the incurable disease.

In any case, dogs older than 7 years need regular preventive examination from a veterinarian for the timely detection and prevention of German Shepherd disease.

Diseases of my German Shepherd (the story of the visitor

Almost a year ago I bought a dog. I chose the German Shepherd. She is an ideal watchman and suits me, since I live in my house. In the first year of my life, a German shepherd, like a small child, can often get sick. The most common diseases are otitis and the disease of the musculoskeletal system, as well as indigestion.

Otitis (ear inflammation) is treated quickly if the treatment begins immediately after the appearance of the first signs of the disease. For the treatment of otitis in dogs, it is necessary to determine its cause. If the dog's anxiety, poor appetite, allocation from her ears you noticed not so long ago, you can treat the pet yourself. To do this, you need to buy in the veterinary pharmacy drops for the ears that contain anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drugs and dig in their ears for the dog's prescription according to veterinarian prescriptions.

Among such preparations are drops such as "Aurikan", "Gentaline", "Baxocid" and others. Very often you can find lameness in German shepherds - this is a disease of the musculoskeletal system. Do not worry about the dog - it's just that the dog has a lot of weight and the joints on the front paws can not withstand such loads. First time I recommend giving the dog a tablet "Hondaroktol", this drug can cure a dog with a strong body or "ChondroKan".

Little sheepdogs like to chew something. My pet gnawed everything that fell into his field of vision. To avoid this, I decided to buy him a big bone, but did not know what it would lead to. Three days later he began to eat poorly, became "sad", did not want to play with me and, even when I was taking him out, he lay down near a tree (in a shade) and did not want to go anywhere, in feces discovered an admixture of blood.

We went to the vet. The veterinarian strongly forbade giving bones and prescribed a strict treatment. I did three injections of antibiotics a day and gave a drink to the yarrow broth. But Cliff (that's the name of my "German") did not want to drink it, as the broth is bitter. I had to ask my husband to open his mouth by force, and I poured him a broth into his mouth with a syringe. An upset stomach, we also cured successfully, but for myself, I concluded that there is no way to give any bones!

My last advice is not to try to treat the dog yourself, without veterinarian appointments, as this can cause complication of the disease and lead to chronic diseases. Let your pet always be healthy and playful!

More details about other insidious diseases read in the articles: Pyroplasmosis in dogs: symptoms, treatment , rabies in dogs , enteritis in dogs .


  1. Hello! Today our family favorite, Greta, a German, has died. Very bad. She did not hurt, everything was fine, she met me from work, jumped, ran. As always. I went home and suddenly I whimper and fell. I ran out, I see lying and stiff, grabbing my husband and opening my mouth, stretching my tongue, I began to masquerade my chest, began to breathe, and then I started to rush about the dahor. Then I fell down, it became hard and I had to breathe, then another bout came, the windenar came and made anesthetic. Like podspokoilas, but after about five minutes, another attack and all ......
    The attack went like this! Strongly napgralis muscles and gnashing of teeth, then as if released, eyes do not blink like glass. 4re of an attack and all, I did not get the vaccinations as they should, and they made worms before vaccination. That is? It was a year and a half

  2. Hello, my pet is 3.5 months old from the family a week ago to give up hind legs can not walk but from him they move trying to get up but it does not turn out on the front paws he moves around not drinking a lot and eating well and feces and urine in the order at night whines And howls and tumbles by the tail says he plays a little how can practically not sleep what to do I do not know did x-ray like everything is okay what to do in our area is small and we do not have the opportunity to be surveyed by good specialists


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Now reading