Just "Sennenhundy" ... sorry! Can such a short definition combine such a large group of dogs with so many different professions. The International Cynological Federation (FCI) included them in the first group and in the second group. But even there there was no suitable section. These dogs are of Molossian type, but differ from others in the same way. This is the shepherd dog, and the dog guides, and the dog rescuers. They are peace-loving, but sullen, pensive, but playful, kind, but alert. In general - the whole dog world. It was necessary to create only for them a special section in the second group.
Swiss Sennenhunds four -
- Bernese Mountain Dog is the only among them with long hair,
- Appenzeller sennenhund - unlike others, he has a twisted tail,
- Entlebuh sennenhund - the smallest in the family - 50 centimeters at the withers,
- The big Swiss mountain dog is a real giant - up to 72 centimeters at the withers.
However, only two breeds are known, spread and loved: the Swiss Mountain Dog and the Bernese Mountain Dog.
History of origin
The Swiss Mountain Dogs are more than 2000 years old. Perhaps their ancestor was a Tibetan mastiff . This huge dog was brought to Europe by the Phoenicians. And with the Roman legions it spread across the continent, mixing with local breeds, gave rise to modern Molossian dogs. The latest archaeological findings give a slightly different picture. In prehistoric times, along with the Tibetan mastiff, there were other huge dogs in different parts of the world that gave rise to different breeds. But this is already an academic question. We are interested in more Swiss history, when a group of black dogs with tan dogs appeared in the Appenzell area, and then spread to the Entlebuhe and Bern districts where it formed the same breeds. After mixing with local dogs, not too uniform, but with characteristic features, formed. Originally they were called Shabby Dogs. From them went all the sennenhunds. From Appenzell, these dogs also spread to the north, to Germany, where they contributed to the emergence of mesgerhund - a butcher's dog, the ancestor of the modern Rottweiler. All names of Swiss Mountain Dogs come from geographical names. The only exception is the Great Mountain Dog. This name was given to him by Professor Albers Heim - a great admirer and breeder of this breed.
Great Swiss Mountain Dog
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Bernese Mountain Dog
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
At first his name was Dyurbakhler (a dog from the locality of Dyurbakh). Durbach is a small village with a hotel on the way from Bern to warm healing springs. But it's not not entirely correct to think that in such a small and limited territory a breed could have arisen. Most likely, the name of the area could "get attached" to the breed due to the fact that the owner of the hotel had very beautiful animals. These dogs at the beginning of the last century participated in dog shows. Later, the Swiss Club of Dyurbachler was formed. For several years it was possible to obtain uniform samples. In 1910, 107 dogs participated in the dog show in Burgdorf, and after it the dog became known as the Bernese Sennenhund. Together with other Swiss Mountain Dogs, she won many admirers in her homeland in neighboring Germany. Originally, dogs were exclusively used by shepherds, who herded cattle on, leased from noblemen and the church, alpine meadows. Then the shepherds began to harness them into carts with milk cans (this traditional image in the whole world is associated with the Swiss Mountain Dogs).
Standard Bernese Mountain Dog
He describes the Bernese Mountain Dog as a three-color, long-haired, well-built, strong working dog with powerful paws.
Growth is above average. 64-70 cm in the male,
58-66 cm near bitches.
The length of the hull should exceed the height at the withers in the ratio 9:10, i.е. The dog should look compact, not long.
By nature, the dog should be alert, very balanced and not shy. By nature, he is good-natured, devoted to the family, reliable and peaceful, with a temperamental temper and obedient.
The head is powerful on all sides. Skull slightly convex. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is noticeable, but it does not stand out. The median furrow is barely noticeable. The nose of the nose is black and wide. Muzzle powerful, straight, medium long.
Lips slightly thickened, black in color.
The eyes are almond-shaped, black. The eyelid precisely repeats the shape of the eyeball.
Ears of triangular shape, with light roundings down, are planted high, medium in size. In a calm state - hanging, tightly fitting to the head.
The neck is powerful, muscular, of medium length.
The case is powerful, lean. Thorax to the height of the elbows.
The back is strong and straight, wide in the loin. Croup is slightly rounded.
Tail - fluffy, falls just below the hocks, usually omitted. When running and when the dog is alert, it is slightly raised above the back.
The front paws are rather deployed. Front - vertical and parallel.
Hind legs - when seen from behind - vertical, not very compressed. Possible "spurs" are necessarily cut.
Running is quick and measured, at any speed. The step is quick and wide, with a good rear thrust.
The coat is long, shiny, slightly wavy.
Color - black, like pitch, with bright tan marks densely brown on the abdomen, above the eyes, on all paws and around the anus. On the head - white protochiny, symmetrically dividing the head and muzzle. Continuous and moderately wide white band on the neck and chest.
Today the Bernese Mountain Dog is almost not engaged in its previous work. Industrial methods have come to agriculture, and at work it can be seen only on postcards, and at folklore festivals. Many breeds disappeared when their main occupation lost its significance. For Bensky Mountain Dog there is no such danger. This is an extremely beautiful and obedient dog, although its size does not allow to become a "fashionable" dog. However, he can count on a sufficient number of fans.
Appenzeller mountain dog
It was first mentioned in the book about the life of alpine animals in 1853. And since 1898 is considered as an independent breed. Its first standard was drafted with the participation of its great lover, the forester Max Ziber. At the first international exhibition in Winterthur, the breed was represented by eight dogs. With the efforts of Professor Albert Khaimah, a club was founded in support of Appenzeller, whose tasks were to preserve and spread this breed. The breeding of pedigree animals began with the mandatory registration of puppies in the "generic book". Modern sennenhunds do not differ much from their ancestors, they have become unchanged - a man did not "intervene" in the breed, because he had no reason to do so. They were so perfect. Therefore, the dogs remained simple, hardy, not affected by rash selection.
Appenzeller breeding began in the area of the same name, and today it can be found all over Switzerland and in many countries. However, the breeding base is very limited.
Among the Swiss Mountain Dog Bernese is the most famous, widespread and beloved. The reason, above all the aesthetic, is associated primarily with a beautiful half-long hair that looks better than a short one. The rest of the virtues of all the Mountain Dogs are very close.
Because beauty in dog breeding is one of the main keys in breeding, the Bernese Mountain Dog was doomed to success. Among the three remaining breeds, Appenzeller also succeeded (despite very intense competition). He managed to win, apparently, thanks to the average growth, less than the Great Mountain Dog and incredible performance, as from bypassed the small Entlebuh. The strength of Appenzeller really incredible, except that in the dog laid and incredible aspiration to victory. Appenzeller can not be called a handsome man. He, of course, is cute, but ... not astounding (sorry, hot fans of this particular dog). However, it can be considered in all respects an excellent dog. Maybe in the ring he does not win so much, but he's a great companion and helper - qualities that a real friend needs before a beautiful appearance.
He demands from Appenzeller that it is a three-color, medium-sized, almost square, well-built, harmoniously developed dog. It should produce the impression of a mischievous - living, temperamental, self-confident and devoid of fear.
The ratio between the height at the withers and the long tess is 9:10
The length of the muzzle with respect to the skull is 4: 5
The globe is proportional to the body, slightly conical in shape. The skull is rather flat. The widest place is between the ears, then evenly tapering to the muzzle.
The muzzle gradually narrows to the chin.
The back of the nose is straight. The nose of the nose is black.
Eyes, rather, small, almond-shaped, alive.
Ears highly set, broad, hanging, rounded at the ends.
The back is of moderate length, strong and straight. The loin is short and muscular. Croup short ends at right angles.
The tail is planted high. Strong, medium length with thick hair. "Wear" twirled in a ring on the croup.
Paws with a strong bone, muscular and vertical.
The main color can be black or light brown, with symmetrical brownish-red or white markings and spots under the eyes, on the stomach, on the chest and on the paws. From the skull on the back of the nose a white stripe descends. Another white band runs from the chin to the neck and chest.
Features of the breed
Today the life of the Mountain Dogs differs from their life in the past. This is especially true of the Bernese Mountain Dog, which has now become an exclusively domestic and exhibition dog. Appenzeller due to its "simple" working kind is not in great demand among show lovers. Therefore, he very often fulfills his former duties. Now he is often bred for work as a shepherd, a beater - because in this business he has no equal. Many working operations are genetically laid in this dog and they do not need to be explained to him. Even being a domestic dog and, being among a group of animals, he instinctively drives them into a heap and directs them. Appenzeller very quickly learns and does not know the words "fatigue" and "impotence." Its owner can count on this "live bulldozer", which will stop only when ordered by the owner.
Despite this, he is a very affectionate dog. Children with him in complete safety, without any control from the parents. The same applies to Bernese Mountain Dog, whose extraordinary patience extends to dog puppies. This dog will also treat a foreign puppy as to his own, patiently enduring all the inconveniences associated with it. The Sennenhunds are very friendly with their congeners. Fights between males are rare. However, it is always better not to take risks. In life, their friendliness is manifested in an attempt to establish friendly relations with all living beings (although, sometimes, the other side to this friendship is not always located ...). Returning to the children. Imagine a picture - the giant patiently and accurately (!) Obeys the small master. After all, the slightest jerk of the leash is enough to make the "fly away". But the dog carefully adjusts its step to the baby's walk! This is the peculiarity of the sennenhunds, which can not be overemphasized.
Sometimes, saying that a dog is good for children, it means that it does not bite them. Feel the difference between "endure children" and "love them for real." Most dogs, when a small person approaches, think "... what does this need for a small girl?". And in the sennenhunds in a different way - they instinctively protect small "two-legged puppies" and show in their society feelings of true love, which makes these dogs ideal companions, both in moments of joy and in moments of sadness. No plush toy can replace the warmth and love of a friend who can really communicate with the child. Sometimes, it seems that the dog is about to say "do not be sad, play together, everything will pass!". Children and puppies are a pleasant phrase - you always want to smile from him.
But be careful - puppies are not plush toys! The Sennenhunds, for the most part, especially the Bernese ones, require attention precisely in the first months of life, because they develop very quickly. If in two months they are the size of a kitten, then at five they are three times more, and by nine they are already, as adults. Therefore, one should be attentive to nutrition, constantly keep in touch with the breeder and, if possible, consult with a knowledgeable veterinarian. Sometimes it is necessary to limit the puppy's physical activity, because his skeleton is not yet ready for an increasing fast mass. Small Appenzellerov on the contrary, can run and frolic, as they want - their growth is more restrained. But they need a correct and balanced diet.
Swiss Mountain Dogs, even the biggest, are not gluttons at all. Of course, the puppy will not lift his head from the bowl until it is empty. But adult dogs are very moderate, and sometimes even fastidious. The fact that they "do not boo" is very good! They do not suffer, like most dogs of large breeds from "curl of guts". (SM - Acute indwelling of the stomach, intestines - usually found in large dogs.) Abundant and fast eating of food while swallowing air, jumping and sudden movements after eating, stress and some other factors. Treatment is surgical. 2 hours - often ends in a lethal outcome). To avoid this, you should not give the dog too much to drink and do not allow intense physical activity immediately after eating.
The nature of the Swiss Mountain Dog
By nature Swiss Mountain Dogs are very capable dogs, intelligent and attentive. Quickly learn and are able to perform a large number of works. But the main characteristic of these breeds is their connection with a person, which is vital for them. Already for several weeks, hobbling on still fragile legs, they follow the man behind their leader in the pack. And this affection will remain with them for life. When the puppy begins to learn how to walk on a leash, he only needs to explain to which side he should go - he will never again rest. It will be perfectly natural for him to follow you. It even does not occur to him to turn (on his own business) from your path. If you keep the dog in the house, then it keeps itself perfectly, does not cause trouble. But do not forget to caress her. And it's hard to resist the temptation!
Simple, beautiful, intelligent, bold, but above all, born to live next to the owner, to cooperate. Sennenhunds are not dogs that can be left alone in the garden - they must feel themselves as members of the family. They will walk with you through life step by step from the first days, until you take care of them and then, when you will feel their protection. For the sake of you, even a very small one, the dog will leave all his interests. For your sake he will be ready for anything. It's really, really, that the sennenhunds are special dogs. But their greatest feature is the ability to love infinitely!