Mittelschnauzer is a guard dog and companion, originally from Germany. Medium height, strong, stocky, with a muscular body, covered with thick, stiff hair. It features a powerful oblong head decorated with furry eyebrows, a mustache and a beard. Color can be black or "pepper and salt" (a combination of black and white flowers in each hair).
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
The height at the withers of the mittelinachner reaches 45-50 centimeters. Weight from 14 to 20 kilograms.
The nature of the Mittelnauzer is called unique only! It is truly amazing how in one dog so many contradictions are combined: gaiety and ability to concentrate, playfulness and discretion! Mittelschnauzer do not show excessive aggression to strangers and, at the same time, are devoted only to their masters.
They are very playful, and, at the same time, are able to quickly concentrate on work. With proper education, Mittelschnauzer become wonderful comrades, full members of the family!
It is worth noting that it was the midget schnauzers, or the medium schnauzers, as they were called earlier, that became the original in the genus "bearded". It was from them that the smaller representatives of the breed, the "zwergs," and the larger ones, the "Riesen", were withdrawn. Today, schnauzers are bred in accordance with prescribed standards (FCI standard No. 182). Adult, healthy individuals with good character and appearance are allowed to breed.
History of the breed
When exactly the first Mittelschnauzer appeared, science has not been established so far. The opinions of scientists on this subject differ. It is only known that their genus is very ancient, rooted in peat-bred dogs that live in the third millennium BC. The most famous breed was found in 1895, after the establishment of the Pincher-Schnauzer club.
Mittelschnauzer - the founder of all breeds of schnauzers. The Mittelschnauzer appeared before the other schnauzers. All the rest (a zwergschnauzer , a risen schnauzer ) are equal to him. It is believed that this breed is a cross between a poodle , a spitz and a coarse terrier.
The first Mittelschnauzer hunted rats and other pests, guarding farms and manors in Germany. Over time, farms grew and entered the market. Farmers needed not only to protect their goods, but also how to bring them to the market. The farmer decided to double the size of the standard breed.
And then he crossed his Mittelschnauzer with a neighbor's shepherd dog or with a poodle or with a German dog, with someone else and brought out a large breed. As a result, the dog appeared twice as large, called the Risen Schnauzer. To some, these giants seemed too large and they decided to reduce their mittelschnauzerov by 10 centimeters.
Accordingly, other people wanted to have a small schnauzer to carry him to the city on his knees. They crossed the Mittelschnauzer with the pinchers and removed the Zwergschnauzer.
Mittelschnauzer is a terrific companion, known for his devotion and love of the family. He is extremely active. His violent temper and sharp mind can be a problem in the house if you do not give him enough exercise. For this breed, it is very important to train obedience. If you do not, then it will be impossible to go out with him, because he will pull you, wherever he pleases.
One of the most important items for the care of the mittenschnauzer is vaccination. It protects the animal from many dangerous diseases: rabies, leptospirosis, plague, viral hepatitis.
The vaccine is a modified form of pathogens. After the dog is vaccinated, her immune system detects antigens and, in the process of fighting them, produces antibodies. Thus, the risk of diseases in the future is reduced to a minimum.
Vaccines from most ailments are usually combined into one drug, known as DHLP-P. It can be a drug Nobivac, widely known in the CIS countries, Vanguard, popular in the Baltics, or Rabigen Virbac, quite common in the countries of the European Union.
10 days before vaccination, it is necessary to perform deworming of the dog. Immediately before vaccination - carefully examine it. Weakened, undergoing treatment of animals, as well as pregnant females are not vaccinated.
In 99% of cases, the vaccine is administered to the animal by injection. Only occasionally - through the respiratory system or digestive tract.
After vaccination, there may be weakness, chills, a decrease in appetite, but often such reactions are short-lived and do not require human intervention. The vet should be consulted if there are more troubling symptoms - itching or swelling at the injection site. They may indicate an allergy.
Individual counseling veterinarian appoints an individual vaccination plan. As a rule, the first inoculation (from plague, leptospirosis, parvovirus) to puppies is done at 8 weeks. The second (from plague, leptospirosis, parvovirus and rabies) - at 12 weeks. In the future, repeated vaccination is required every year to maintain the optimal concentration of antibodies in the blood.
Which fodder is best suited for mittelschnauzer, dry or natural? On this subject, from year to year there are heated discussions and an unambiguous answer, to this day, has not been found! Therefore, the owners of the four-legged "bearded" do not have anything else than to make a choice on their own. The recommendations are as follows:
If your choice fell on dry food, pay attention to the products of manufacturers with a "world name", well-established, caring for their reputation. For example, it could be the ANF (America), Hills (Belland) Belcando (Germany), Acana or Orijen (Canada), etc.
At the same time, when choosing food, consider that, it may not be to your dog's taste, despite the fact that the neighbor's dog eats it with pleasure. First, try to take a small bag of food you like and only after making sure that it came up, order a large package weighing 15-20 kg.
If you are a supporter of natural food and want to prepare food for the dog yourself, make sure that the "menu" was rational: it contained proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals in the right amount.
The main source for building cells. The greatest amount of protein is found in meat (18-20%), slightly less in milk, fish, some cereals.
In order for your Mittel Schnauzer to get the required amount of protein, provide it with enough low-calorie meat. Let's beef, mutton, horsemeat. A good addition will be the by-products: cow udder, bone marrow, tails, stomach, guts and meat - bone meal.
The main source of energy. They are "useful" and "harmful", animals and plant. Animal fats in large quantities are contained in some types of fish, beef (meat and offal), fat, combi (used as a refill to the porridge). Vegetable fats - in oils (soybean, sunflower, sesame or peanut), seaweed, nuts.
The share of fats in the total volume of food should be about 25 - 30%. Give your pet enough fish: mackerel, salmon, mackerel, sardines. A good addition to the fish will be lean meat cuts: fillets, flanks, rump.
Sometimes, as an alternative to these products, concentrated fish oil is used. In a concentrated form, it begins to be given from puppyhood. Initially, 5-10 drops, then gradually increasing the dose, 1.5-2 teaspoons per day.
Provide the work of muscles. Mainly contained in plant foods. The dog gets carbohydrates with a variety of cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat, barley. You can also give vegetables, rye and wheat bread.
- Mineral substances, vitamins and microelements
They are regulators of numerous physiological processes, the basis of the vital activity of the organism!
In order to provide mittelschnauzera sufficient amount of vitamins, give him food for the liver, dairy products, fruits and vegetables. The need for microelements and minerals will help to cover table salt (no more than 10 g per day).
Also involved in all the physiological processes occurring in the animal's body! Water for the dog should always be fresh, clean, not too cold and not too hot (the optimum temperature is 18-20 ° C). And most importantly - it should always be in abundance!
Care and maintenance of the Mittelnauzer
The importance of daily care for your pet is hard to overestimate! It is he who is the basis for preserving the beauty and health of every dog! The simplest hygiene procedures relieve the animal of discomfort, give it a neat appearance, allow you to once again communicate with your beloved host. The owner, courting a four-legged pet, has the opportunity to detect a wide variety of diseases at an early stage of development and take action!
Care of skin and hair
Schnauzers have rough, stiff hair, which requires special care. The recommendations are as follows:
- the washing up
To wash the paws of the mittelschnauzer is necessary after each walk-between the pads and fingers often clogs the dirt and chips that cause the animal discomfort. The long coat on the beard and mustache is cleaned with a damp cloth or washed under running water after each feeding. It is recommended to wash the dog completely as it gets dirty, not more often than once a month, the mittelnauts are washed. Do this with warm water (optimal temperature 25-30 ° C), with the help of special dog shampoos: Plush Puppy (production of Australia), BIO-GROOM (USA), etc. Cosmetics are applied twice. Wash off until the wool begins to "creak" under the fingers. Dry the dog after washing with a soft towel, a hair dryer and a special compressor in a room protected from drafts.
Combing mittelschnauzer recommended different types of brushes: a beard, a mustache and adorn the coat on a "skirt" - a metal comb with sparse teeth, pretreated with softening balm. Wool on the body - massage wire brush, massage movements. Careful combing is done to remove dead skin cells, dirt and dust from the top coat, improve metabolic processes and blood circulation, prevent hair styling and formation of coats, facilitate haircut and trimming.
Trimming of mittelschnauzer ("forced molt" or "pinch") is a procedure during which the dead hair is removed by a sharp jerk in the direction of hair growth.
"Undress" dogs, as a rule, twice a year: in spring and in autumn. Do this with bare hands, with the help of silicone fingertips or auxiliary tools: a stone, a hacksaw, a special trimming knife (knives-strippers, mukrakers), etc.
Trimming is done in a certain sequence, by zones: begin with the neck and croup, then proceed to the processing of the sides and thighs. Lastly, the skull is treated - the head should be trimmed with a beautiful symmetrical shape. Undercoat is not plucked at the same time, and combed with a brush or a typewriter with a large nozzle, leaving 2-3 mm. Shave down completely (under "zero") is not recommended. It protects the dog from the negative effects of the external environment: cold or heat.
If, after shearing, the skin of the dog has turned red, you can use a variety of dry powders or powders that remove irritation. A good help is also grinding chamomile tea. Greasy creams should not be used - they attract dirt and dust.
Important! Beginners can not easily trimming a dog. If you've never done this before - trust professionals!
Care of the ears
The ears of the mittenschnauzer should be inspected once a week - mote, plant seeds or any other foreign objects can get stuck in them. The ear canal should be cleaned of dirt and sulfur. It is easier to do this with the help of cotton wands with light rotational movements. Wool on the ears should be broken and shortened if necessary.
Care of teeth
The teeth of a healthy schnauzer, as a rule, do not give the owners much trouble. Dogs clean them themselves while chewing special treats, toys, solid vegetables and fruits, and people simply need to inspect them regularly for their own peace of mind.
While during the examination you felt an unpleasant odor from the mouth, noticed a plaque on the lateral surfaces of the teeth (tartar), tumorous formations on the gums (retention cysts) or any other anomalies, take the necessary measures: with tartar - remove the plaque with a special spatula, And gum with iodine glycerin solution (proportion 1: 3). With retention cysts - open the tumor, clean it from the inside and disinfect with a lab liquor solution of iodine.
Attention! At more serious anomalies of the dental system: caries, pulpitis, peredontite, fractures, do not engage in self-treatment! Immediately contact your veterinarian!
- Care of centuries
Active mittelschnauzer in everyday life often injures eyes and eyelids: due to careless movements, while playing with other cats and dogs. They also have blepharitis - a disease caused by trauma, foreign objects or common diseases. Inspect your pet's eyelids daily!
- With injuries of the eyelids
In case of injuries, if the wound is small and the seam is not required, clean the wound, apply a weak solution of brilliant green to the skin and apply the analgesic solution of novocaine. Keep track of her condition. At the slightest deterioration of the situation, consult a doctor!
- With blepharitis
Give the dog first aid: remove the dead skin scales, degrease the eyelids with a mild ethereal solution, apply yellow ointment ointment (1%) or a solution of brilliant green, then consult a specialist who will help determine the root cause of the disease.
Price of puppies
The cost of the puppies of the mittelnauzer is varied from 10,000 rubles for dogs without pedigree and an average of 20,000 and 40,000 rubles for dogs with all the documents and authoritative breeders.
Puppies whose parents are winners of prestigious dog shows can cost from 50,000 rubles .
Interesting facts about dogs of the breed Mittelschnauzer
Did you know…
- What exactly schnauzer became the "stars" of the most extravagant charitable event in the world! Surprisingly combed, small, large and medium, they "lit up" on the pages of the calendar along with naked masters!
- That in 1995 Schnauzer became "the first domestic animal of the White House". Competing for the title with the cat of Bill Clinton, he won the pre-election race with a big margin! And the dog managed to enjoy the victory in full measure: its own working limousine, protection, participation in public speeches, banquets and receptions ... The four-legged "politician" enjoyed many benefits with deep old age!
- That figurines of mittelschnauzer are most often used to decorate the interior. Crystal, cast, knitted and dumped from wool, they are found in the homes of popular people and "ordinary inhabitants."
- What is the average schnauzer - the heroes of one of the oldest books in the world about dogs written in German. Little known breed in 1832 "opened the world" Johann Boimmeister - a simple rural veterinarian. In spite of the fact that the "bearded" were called by the author "banchurs" or "rat-catchers", their appearance and character features were described in great detail.
- What Schnauzers sometimes call dogs "immortalized in bronze"! Their images are decorated with sculptural compositions in different parts of the world! The earliest monument dedicated to the Mittelschnauzer is in Germany, in the city of Stuttgart, and dates back to 1620. The composition "Night watchman" symbolizes the unity of man and dog. There are two on the pedestal: a stern man in a hoodie, with a lantern and a halberd, and his devoted friend is a brave mittel who is closely examining the neighborhood. The latest monument dedicated to this breed was opened in March 1995, in Sydney. The author of the magnificent sculpture of stone and bronze became the famous Australian artist Anne Dybka.
- That mittelnschnauzer, famous for their clear mind and enthusiastic work, are very often found in the civil service. A lot of representatives of the breed work in the border troops, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the police. They are looking for drugs, taking part in rescue operations, assisting in the apprehension of criminals .... But this is not all! There are among the "bearded" unique specialists in the field of science and medicine! So, for example, the world famous was the amazing mittelschnauzer George, who smells cancer. Selected for work in a medical research project, the dog hit the center's specialists with his talent. As soon as they "became acquainted" with the affected cells, the "diagnostician" began to accurately distinguish them from healthy cells. Finding, signaled - sat down on the affected area of the body and barked. Even greater discoveries were waiting for scientists ahead, when the gifted George began to distinguish one type of disease from another. Now he, with ease, diagnoses 8 varieties of cancer: 5 pulmonary and 3 cutaneous. Experts hope that in the future the mittelnautzer will learn to recognize the individual components that form cancer cells and, thus, save millions of human lives!