The Neapolitan mastiff, or as it is often called Mastino neapolitano, derives its origin from an ancient guard dog, which, according to most cynologists, had Asian roots and probably originated from a primitive Tibetan large-sized watchdog. His descendants dispersed along pre-Himalayan India, Asyria, Babylonia and Asia Minor.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the appearance of the breed
Pliny tells of two specimens, which he gave to Alexander the Great, the conquered Indian king. Further traces of this breed we find in the form of statues and bas-reliefs from India, Persia and Nineveh. Archaeological finds indicate the presence of giant dogs in the Etruscans, which further obscures the path traced by Molossus before appearing in Italy. Whether he got there as a result of the Roman conquests and trade with Phenicia, or came along with the barbarians from the North.
On Phoenician ships along with other valuable goods, these dogs also came to Europe. Here, as a result of adaptations to new climatic conditions and crossing with local breeds from them, various kinds of molsoids took place. The Romans valued them for their strength and courage and used them as battle dogs in arenas and to protect private possessions. The Latin poet Lucretius, who lived in the 1st century BC, calling them Molossians in the text, admires their huge mouth, frightening fangs, menacing grins and loud barking.
After the decline of the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages, the remains of the rock continued to exist in various parts of Italy, mainly in Naples, where they mixed blood with Iberian mastinos during the Spanish rule. During the last war, the breed was threatened with extinction.
The few surviving individuals, mostly degenerate, were not homogeneous enough, which led to cases when at exhibitions there were doubts about the belonging of these individuals to an ancient breed, which deserves to be included in official genealogical books. The cynologist, writer and journalist Piero Skontans managed to achieve this recognition after a long search for a pair of individuals who still kept the blood clean, crossed them in their kennel and received the first champions from them, and took part in drafting the standard in 1949.
Standard mastino neapolitano
The standard describes the Neapolitan mastino as a guard and guard dog with a short head and limbs and a wide body. Height at the withers is 65 to 75 centimeters, weight from 50 to 70 kilograms. It is allowed and more weight. While the weight below the named minimum is considered a rock defect. The parameters of the bitch are less than that of the male by about 15%.
The head of mastino is one of the main factors of its typicality. It should be massive and excessively covered with skin, which forms peculiar wrinkles.
Jaws are powerful, a set of teeth full. Bite is a type of ticks or scissors. Ears, which until recently were subject to cupping by a triangle, to stand on the sides of the skull, today you need to leave whole. The eyes are somewhat sinking. Their color should be in the color of the suit. The neck is very powerful, bullish. Chest, wide. The thorax is well distinguished. The spine is straight.
The tail is thick, it is stopped by about a third. Gait is cheeky. Running slow, but sweeping. The coat is smooth, without fringe, black lead or gray. Red, red or brindle color is also acceptable, but in no case is it variegated. Only individual white spots on the chest and fingertips are allowed. The hip is tilted forward at an angle of 60 degrees.
Mastino neapolitano is primarily a guard dog. In this his vocation, he comes to almost self-denial. As a result, he, as a rule, is wary of all strangers. The instinct makes you not trust them initially, but in the future even more. If we are talking about a man who is pleasant to the owner, Mastino will endow him with complete indifference.
Socialization and training of the Neapolitan mastiff
To avoid excessive suspicion, it is necessary to accustom him from an early age to be among people, both at home and outside it. Outside the house, there are no special problems - only if outsiders do not gesticulate too much. When the guest's house appears, Mastino is alarmed, but making sure that he does not present any danger ceases to pay attention to him. The guest, in turn, should ignore the dog and not pester her with caresses or compliments. Mastino saves his attachments solely for the owner and his household and does not endure when someone interferes with his relationship with his. Mastino neapolitano, not having a specific host, is a mentally defective dog, since it does not have that point of reference that it really needs. This is a clever, restrained, simple-minded and observant dog, possessing elephantine memory and striving in every way to guess your thoughts in order to earn your approval.
Never hit her ! To express reproach, it is enough to raise your voice. In extreme cases, you can give her slightly on the back of a newspaper rolled up in a tube. She will immediately understand that she did not do well and will try to make amends for her guilt. When communicating with a mastino, you often get the impression that you are dealing with a person, not with an animal.
Mastino is by no means an indoor dog. He needs space. A garden, a patio or any other place where he can move, bask in the sun, study the world around him. Teams should be given without anger, but necessarily in a firm tone. Having given the command, it should be a simple phrase like "Sitting!", "To me!", Etc. Be sure to get it done or the dog will decide that she can not obey you with impunity. Do not scold her when she barks. She does this in order to warn you about something or in the exercise of her guard duties.
Some Neapolitan dog breeders teach their mastino to rush to strangers by a special signal. As a signal, the most innocent word may appear, inter alia, inserted into the unfolding or touching the side of the animal that is imperceptible to extraneous eyes.
During the first walks, the young mastino will often pull the leash. A special tightening collar in the form of a chain passed through a metal ring for a couple of weeks will wean it from this habit, after which you can replace this rather rigid device with a conventional collar.
By the way, one should never plant a Neapolitan mastino on a chain in the courtyard. This will humiliate him and embitter him, deprive him of that freedom of movement in which he so needs. The behavior of all members of your family should serve as a model for him. It is not advisable that one of you imposes certain bans on him, and the other violates them.
It is necessary to know the parents of your dog, to make sure that they are healthy and do not have serious defects. It is also important to get acquainted with their pedigree and, most importantly, apply for a puppy only to a dog with a good reputation.
To take a puppy is desirable after weaning, and even better at 2 months old. If the number of puppies in the litter does not exceed the number of mother nipples, the puppies have enough mother's milk, which is irreplaceable for them.
The need for additional nutrition arises approximately on the 20th day of life of puppies, when their teeth are cut through, and the mother begins to experience irritation from prolonged feeding. During this period, she often spits up undigested food, which can serve her puppies as an alternative to milk. At this age, especially if there are a lot of puppies, you can start giving them milk formulas that have the same rich composition as mother's milk, adding several homogenizer spoons to it. After weaning and up to 4 months of age, the puppy should eat at least 4 times a day. At the same time, its diet should be enriched with vitamin integrators, such as yogurt, eggs, yeast, fish oil and raw liver. An adult dog needs one meal a day, preferably in the evening.
The ready-made feeds are already on sale, the composition of which has been selected in such a way as to satisfy all the needs of the dog in food, and the quality is guaranteed by a special law. Such feed allows you to build a diet that takes into account the real needs of the animal and provides a ratio of essential nutrients.
In addition, it is important to ensure that the dog has fresh water. You can not give her stale food, as well as long chicken bones, fish bones and sweets.
Health and basic diseases
As soon as the puppy turns 2 months old, he must undergo a vaccination of a 3 valence vaccine against sap, hepatitis, leptospirosis, which is then repeated according to veterinarian's prescriptions and, if necessary, supplemented with other vaccinations, particularly against rabies and parvovirus.
A particularly dangerous disease is cardiopulmonary filariasis, common in all wetlands, where there are many mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are the main carriers of this disease. Parasites that enter the body of an animal through a mosquito bite are implanted under the skin and into the pulmonary artery, which can lead to death. It is not uncommon for the symptoms to appear late and are expressed in a significant decrease in the activity of the animal.
You can not bathe the puppy until he turns a year, but the adult dog should be washed only if it gets very dirty or visits the place where the poisonous fertilizers are sprayed. Bathing can lead to the removal of the fat layer of the animal's fur, which protects it from insect bites.
In Italy, which is the birthplace of the Neapolitan mastino since 1991, it became obligatory to put marks on puppies. In addition, for some time, it is impossible to admit to the exhibition those dogs of Italian breeds, whose ears were stopped after December 31, 1989. This order was not met with approval from Neapolitan dog breeders with their fidelity to age-old traditions. They argue that between adults and young males, and sometimes between bitches, if they are kept together, fierce battles arise, during which, the first thing for which the opponents grab each other are the long ears, which are then disfigured for life. Therefore, the prohibition of an operation that takes place with proper anesthesia is almost painless, can significantly damage the ancient beauty of this breed. The ban, which has the force of law for many decades, on dog fights and the ill treatment of animals, is much more understandable.
In no case should you trust your mastino, regardless of his age, to those dubious personalities who are willing to pay big money for him, in order to earn later, exposing him to dog fights. These fights are still secretly practiced in many countries. You should not also sell the Neapolitan mastino to someone who does not have enough space for him or someone who is guided solely by motives of prestige, but does not really like and does not understand dogs.
The wonderful qualities of Mastino suggest that soon it will be even more popular all over the world. In Germany, this breed a few years ago experienced a real boom and following Italy the number of mastino neapolitano is France, where in 2010 alone, about 500 newborn puppies were registered. A huge number of fans acquired the Neapolitan mastino in countries such as the US and Brazil. The beauty of its forms and behavior, piercing the antique look, exclusive devotion to the master, the incredible power that manifests itself in every movement of it - all this causes general admiration.
He was the favorite of many movie stars, starting with Rudolfo Valentino. He appeared in such famous television series as "The Bride" and "Octopus." However, all these appearances were fleeting, because in view of the great weight and strength of the mastino, it is very difficult to control them. Especially if a person is physically weak and not experienced, or does not have enough power over him.
Unfortunately, the Neapolitan lives much less than the less massive breeds of dogs. As a rule, the life expectancy of mastino neapolitano does not exceed 8-9 years. In rare cases, a little more. Only after his death you will feel that emptiness that will remain in your heart and will long remember the minute details of his soothing presence in your home and surely decide to start a new mastino.
Price of puppies Mastino neapolitano
The breed is currently not very common in Russia, Ukraine and other CIS countries, so the prices for mastino are now quite high. The cost of puppies with a pedigree from breeders of trustworthy varies from 40 000 to 100 000 rubles .