Lhasa Apso is a playful and mischievous animal that was bred in Tibet more than 2,000 years ago. The name of the breed is translated as "mountain goat". The nickname of the pet was due to a long coat and the ability to overcome mountain passes. Puppies Lhasa Apso were a real talisman in Tibet and brought good luck to the house, so they were often given to emperors and families of notable classes. Tibetan monks considered dogs sacred, so the animals were isolated for a long time, not leaving their homeland, which preserved the purity of the blood of the breed.
Lhasa Apso: historical digression
A miniature breed appeared as a result of natural selection in the harsh conditions of Tibet, which is why the dogs became revered by the inhabitants of the country as a sacred animal. Despite its size, pets were used as guards at the monastery. However, for the most part they were kept for good luck in the house.
Monks believed that the soul of the owner of the dog after death moves to the puppy of Lhasa Apso. For this reason, the dogs were treated with respect, often spoiled. For a long time the breed was isolated and not exported from Tibet.
About miniature breeds spoke for the first time in other countries in 1901, when the cynologist Jacobs dedicated one of the chapters of his work to Lhasa Apso. The breed was brought to England in 1904, after which it immediately published an article in a local magazine. Based on the description, the first international standard was created.
Today the breed enjoys incredible popularity. Tibetan dog actively participates in international exhibitions, is a pet of thousands of families around the world. However, in our country the breed is not widely distributed, puppies of miniature Lhasa Apso are bred only a few nurseries, which makes it difficult to acquire a puppy and its high enough cost.
Appearance of Lhasa Apso - detailed description
Appearance of the pet is well balanced. The dog has a strong backbone, a long coat and an abundance of colors. The average height at the withers is about 23 cm. The weight of an adult varies from 3 to 8 kg. The average life expectancy is 14 years.
- Head - moderately narrow skull, which visually narrows to the occiput. Muzzle slightly convex, however, not the shape of the "bull's eye". Soft transition from forehead to nose. The nose is slightly flattened, usually painted in dark palettes;
- Eyes - a rounded shape, medium size, dark color, planted straight;
- Ears - hanging form, covered with a thick layer of wool, which hangs and visually lengthens them;
- Jaws - bite forms of back scissors (upper incisors closely touch the outer side of the lower ones), wide disposition of the incisors;
- Neck - sufficiently curved, short, muscular;
- Body - compact rectangular shape, straight back, convex ribs, strong loin, rounded groove. The length of the body is greater than its height;
- Limbs - a form of feline paws, with pronounced pads. Paws are straight, strong. Well developed muscles, angles are correctly set. The hock joint has a parallel structure;
- Dynamics - fast and free steps;
- Tail - is planted high, it throws back on the back, a slight bend is observed at the end of the tail, covered with a thick coat of wool;
- Wool - a luxurious scalp throughout the body, hair is quite hard and straight, no curls. The texture of the coat is not silky. There is an undercoat of medium density. The hair forms a visual mustache and falls on the dog's eyes;
- Color - there are a variety of palettes, but the most traditional colors are the following: beige, honey, gold, gray, sable, black, tortoiseshell.
The breed is an excellent companion and watchful guard. In general, the nature of the pet can be called independent and freedom-loving. It is recommended from the childhood to accustom the puppies to discipline, so that they obediently perceive the commands and freely feel in society.
Lhasa Apso has a remarkable intellect, which makes it easy to remember commands and quickly gives in to training. In education, it is recommended to use the game form and creativity. Dogs perfectly get along with children and with fun frolic with other animals.
The breed has a well-developed hearing and smell, making animals an irreproachable watchman. To pets strangers are wary. But it costs the owner to show hospitality, as the hostile attitude of the dog is replaced by a hearty welcome.
Lhasa Apso is respected by every member of the family, but only one person sees the owner. His orders and commands they obey unconditionally. Pets do not like physical activities, they do not need long walks. The breed is great for older people and families who lead a moderate or not active lifestyle. Dogs can do without walks for weeks on condition that they organize leisure in the house.
Dogs are characterized by strong psyche and resistance to stress. Therefore, they easily tolerate travel and transportation . As easily representatives of the breed refer to the change of place of residence. The main thing is that the owner should stay close, the change of "scenery" does not really matter.
Lhasa Apso is excessively attached to people, leaving them alone is not recommended. Sometimes pets tend to succumb to bouts of laziness. They can lie on the couch for long hours and do not move, unless they are slowed down.
The pet likes to be in the spotlight. The breed can be called "the soul of the company". Lhasa Apso keeps childishness even in adulthood, so in its "arsenal" should be an impressive number of toys. Pets do not need a separate place in the house. They like to sleep next to people, maybe even in one pastel. They differ in cleanliness.
Possible health problems:
- Kidney disease;
- heart failure;
- Allergic reactions;
- Increased lacrimation and cataract.
The vigilance of the owners and regular check-ups from the veterinarian will help maintain the pet's health properly. Due to proper care, the pet can live more than 20 years. The record holder in this area is the dog Tim, who lived for 29 years.
Care for a tiny Tibetan
The main advantage of the breed is a surprisingly beautiful coat, which requires proper care. The dog needs to be combed after each walk. Since animals like to frolic, make their way deep into the thickets, explore various objects. To care for Lhasa Apso will need a special brush and comb. To devote to combing it is necessary not less than half an hour, to comb a fur coat follows on a line of growth of a wool from roots. After each walk should be washed pet paws and stomach, so the water procedures of the puppy must be taught from the first days of its appearance. A pleasant moment of keeping the breed is the absence of molting, so it is not contraindicated to start such a dog even for people with allergic reactions.
To maintain a good state of fur coat pet needs to cut it every season. Weekly, brush your dog's teeth with a toothbrush using animal pastes. With the same periodicity it is necessary to clean the ears of the pet with a cotton swab. Eyes are recommended to be cleaned daily.
It is recommended to prune the claws of an animal, since an inactive way of life does not allow to stitch them naturally. After each meal, you should wash your pet and clean his "mustache." Wool on the pads of the paws is also recommended to prune as necessary.
To bathe pets should be frequent - once in 2-3 weeks a minimum. For this, professional cosmetics for animals are used, since the representatives of the breed are prone to allergic reactions and dermatitis. In rainy weather, Lhasa Apso is not recommended for walking, as frequent bathing also does not benefit the animal, and it is impossible to leave the fur coat dirty (you can not untangle the coiled and untangled locks, it only remains to cut the animal shorter).
Dogs can tolerate temperature changes and cold conditions, but you should not abuse this. It is recommended to keep a pet in the house during the winter. In summer, the best option is to "dwell" the dog in the courtyard of the house with a personal booth. Lhasa Apso is able to get along in almost any conditions, perceives equally well the living conditions in a private house and a city apartment.
We compose a competent diet
Lhasa Apso is very demanding on nutrition, their body needs a balanced diet . Make a proper daily menu for the pet is quite difficult. Therefore, experienced breeders recommend resorting to the use of dry premium foods.
At the disposal of the pet should always be clean drinking water, which needs to be changed several times a day. With insufficient drinking, the kidney stones can be deposited in the dog, which will lead to the development of a number of diseases or even the death of a pet.
If you choose "home cooking" you should prefer low-fat varieties of meat. Cook them only by cooking or quenching. It is recommended to give the fillets to the animals. Of sour-milk products should be fed Tibetans curd of medium fat and milk.
Eggs are allowed to be given not more often than 2 times a week. From the use of fish should be discarded. Recommended porridges are pearl barley and rice. To maintain the health of the pet will need vegetables. Lhasa Apso love potatoes, corn, cooked carrots, cucumbers and greens.
The use of fruit in the dog's menu is allowed, the only taboos are citrus fruits. Experts recommend using vitamin supplements, which will be reflected in a favorable way on the condition of wool and overall health of Lhasa Apso.
Features of education:
- Training in the form of a game, you can not scare a puppy, grab it, raise your voice;
- As a punishment you can not use physical force, it will be enough to shout at a pet, which is extremely susceptible to the mood of the owner;
- Early learning to find on hands, at first as a reward you can use delicacies;
- Training to the leash and collar as an integral part of the walk;
- Teaching the puppy to the toilet , which should be similar to the breeder's toilet (cloth cloth, oilcloth). This breed does not require daily walks, so you need to accustom your pet to the rules of home hygiene.
How to choose a puppy and where to buy? Price of Lhasa Apso
Since the breed has a number of hereditary diseases, it is worth to approach the choice of the puppy very seriously. Appearance of the pet colorfully speaks about the state of his health. In patients with puppies, wool has a dull, crumpled appearance. They are not playful, seek solitude, hide in hiding places.
Healthy Lhasa Apso are distinguished by their shiny fur, they show activity and curiosity. When choosing a puppy, you should also determine its "purpose". If you do not plan to participate in exhibitions, then you can get a dog "with hands", which will significantly reduce the graph of costs. However, before buying it is necessary to study the photo of the breed in order to have an idea of the appearance of the baby. You should be afraid of buying Métis.
To participate in competitions you will need a puppy with a pedigree. This pet is recommended to buy in specialized nurseries. However, the breeders involved in the cultivation of Lhasa Apso are far from in every city of our country. Therefore, to buy a dog, you may have to go to a neighboring area.
The cost of a puppy is formed according to a number of subjective factors, the dominant one being the coloring of the fur coat. Traditional colors are valued more, which causes an inflated price. Buy a puppy Lhasa Apso can be from 350 to 2 000 dollars .