Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a companion dog for active people, families with children and animals and even the elderly. Knights are flexible, not aggressive and can perfectly adapt to their master and the rhythm of his life.
The English believe that these dogs are relieving stress and calling them "creating comfort." Because gentlemen often get people who have a lot of stress at work. Since childhood, these companions with them hold members of the royal courts of Holland and the United Kingdom.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the breed Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
These little dogs have a rather ancient history. Similar dogs in Britain, the Celts brought food in the ninth century. Since the 13th century, fearless dogs of white-red and white-black colors are mentioned in the songs of minnesingers.
Such dogs become ladies' pets at the court of English kings. They were even used for hunting, but over time the breed became purely decorative, decorating rich living rooms. Cavaliers can be seen on the canvases of such famous artists as Titian, Watteau, Van Dyck.
A lot of amazing stories are connected with this breed. For example, one of these dogs accompanied the Queen of Scotland, Maria Stewart, to be executed.
Named the breed was in honor of King Charles II, who lived in the 17th century. He, although not directly related to the breeding of dogs, but during his reign for the little spaniels there were no closed doors at the court.
And the breed was said to be a dog "created by the king himself".
The modern species of this breed arose from the American breeder Roswell Eldridge. In Europe and especially in the UK this breed is extremely popular, although in Russia there are not many such dogs yet.
The ancestors of the breed can be found on the canvases of famous European painters. Among these works of art, the work "Children of Charles the 1st", written by Antonis van Dyck, stands out. Next to the two sons and daughter of the king are two charming spaniels. Dogs hardly resemble modern breed members, but in their features and poses all the inherent cavalier king charles spaniel features are guessed: aristocratic beauty, sociability, energy and self-confidence. The painting was written in 1635, and the breed itself is even older. For several centuries the Charles Spaniels have been repeatedly transformed to suit the capricious fashion and customs of English aristocrats. The present type of breed exists a little less than a century.
With a residence permit in the palace
The English ancestors of this miniature brave were not bred for glamor ladies and secular receptions. The main duty of the breed was the tracking down of small game: ducks, pheasants, grouse and rabbits. The dogs were larger, stronger and possessed the sharpest scent. About their fearlessness and strength is mentioned in some songs of minnesingers, written in the 13th century.
However, King Charles Spaniels were famous not only for their outstanding hunting qualities, but also for their charming appearance. Smooth bends of the trunk, ideal proportions, long silky wool, clever kind eyes - well, how to resist such a beauty?
It is not surprising that the royal people did not like the soul in the four-legged hunters. Already such notable dogs should not be kept on dirty kennels. Soon the pupils received a permanent residence permit in luxurious palaces. And since they regularly accompanied their owners, dogs began to be depicted more and more often on picturesque canvases. In addition to van Dyck, they painted Watteau, Gainsborough, Stubbs and Titian.
Approximated to the King
Among the famous English monarchs, big fans of dogs were Henry the 8th, Elizabeth, Maria Stewart, Charles the 1st and Charles II. Obviously, cute pets have become popular not only among hunters aristocrats, but also known in high society ladies. It is said that after the execution of the Queen of Scotland, Mary Stuart in her magnificent skirts found charles spaniel, who never parted with his mistress for a second. The pet was barely dragged from the body, and two days later the poor thing died of grief.
A sad fate befell the King Charles the 1st. This well-known connoisseur of black spaniels captured his best pet, named Rogue, with him, even in conclusion. They say the faithful dog spent with a captive king in the dungeon of the Carisbrook castle for several months and was present during the execution of the master. The dog was sheltered by rebels and demonstrated to people on the streets to once again remind that the king, disagreeing with their conditions, is defeated.
Apparently, the brave and faithful pets stayed close to the high-ranking masters both at the time of their triumph and in the moments of defeat, sharing with them any hardships of fate. But the monarchs appeared and departed, and the breed still lived in the palace negro, in spite of the wars and insurrections experienced, because it was to the liking of conspirators and opponents of kings.
Find for a collector
King Charles Spaniels not only became heroes of paintings. In the middle of the 17th century, thanks to Queen Victoria and her passionate interest in dogs, the breed was staffed by Staffordshire masters. The potters molded and burned thousands of clay figurines of charming pets. These figurines have become very popular among British workers. And today for these works of art collectors hunt.
Father of the breed
The breed reached its greatest age under the Merry King Charles II. His name "Charles" from English can be transliterated as "Charles", so the name of these spaniels was given in honor of the dynasty of Stuarts and the monarch himself.
During his reign, the breed was bred at an unprecedented pace. They say that the king was accompanied everywhere by a suite of charming dogs. He often played with them and walked around, forgetting about important state affairs. These dogs lived in the palace as full members of the royal family. They were allowed to visit audiences, church services and state holidays.
They say that one day the king was tired of conventions and issued a special decree according to which King Charles Spaniels are entitled to appear in any public places, even in the English Parliament. Moreover, according to some rumors, an amusing decree is still valid today. Apparently, the monarch was very fond of his dogs. Once, he even allowed the petite to grow in the royal bed.
By the way, the breed at that time was not bred on kennels. Dogs were born right in the palace, and then the king gave puppies to trusted people in east London. They raised, brought up and prepared pets for the palace life. After the course of good manners the best dogs the monarch took for himself, and the rest were sold to wealthy Londoners. Soon, the King Charles Spaniels became a truly popular breed.
The French called the "console" breed, which translates as "comforter". As far back as the 16th century the Charles Spaniels warmed their masters with dank winter evenings and calmed down after their love failures. They say that even the doctors of the time prescribed these dogs as an excellent remedy for stress. However, some researchers argue that the cause of love for those dogs is more prosaic. At that time, there was still no remedy for the fleas that carried the bubonic plague. And the pets heroically distracted these dangerous parasites.
At the behest of fashion
By the middle of the 18th century, the preferences of aristocrat hunters changed. In the arena new breeds of hunting dogs came out, and small and handsome king-Charles Spaniels were less likely to participate in the chases and where they often lounged on their knees at eminent ladies and their ardent gentlemen.
The passion of the high world to miniature pets has seriously affected the breeding of the breed. Over time, even the appearance of the spaniels has changed. From brave four-legged ancestors they inherited a long silky coat and glorified by its ease on the rise character.
By the end of the century the breed had become more refined, diminished in size and finally turned into a salon dog, unable to go hunting. The muzzle of the dog was seriously shortened and turned upside down with a flat nose, the skull became domed, and the eyes - widely set.
None of the fashion houses of those years could not do without the new Charles spaniel, peacefully dozing on the down pillow. The former variety was still encountered on the outskirts, but each year their number decreased, and by the beginning of the 20th century these four-legged hunters finally disappeared.
The pursuit of the legend
A new variety of King Charles Spaniels soon received the unspoken name of that spaniel. Although King Edward the 8th, a longtime admirer of the breed, spoke out against the pejorative, in his opinion, name, it was entrenched in the US and most European countries. In the homeland of the same breed, the historical name is preserved. After the First World War, the breed became interested in American cynologist Roswell Eldridge. In the early 1920s, the researcher arrived in the UK for the largest exhibition of dogs "Crafts". He was inspired by the paintings of European painters and sought out the legendary Charles Spaniels of the old type with a classic red-and-white color.
The breeder offered a great reward to those who would give him a dog, at least approximately similar to the pets of English kings. At first, his search did not bring results. Local cynologists explained to the guest that many times they tried to revive that old species, but puppies with this form of head and muzzle quickly died.
Fortunately, Eldridge did not abandon his idea. He found a breeder Alice Pitt, who managed to get and grow viable dogs, something reminiscent of hunting spaniels. Her pets became the basis for the revival of the breed.
Old new "cavalier"
In two years, Alice and Roswell did the impossible: they brought out a new King Charles Spaniel. In many ways he was like his magnificent ancestor. Such a flat wide head and high set ears. And he turned out to be bigger than the spaniels - the weight of the breed was fluctuating within 5-9 kg. Soon it turned out that these pets are able to participate in the hunt, although not very long.
Already in 1928 the first standard appeared. And although until 1945 the breed was not considered unique and took part in exhibitions together with miniature King Charles Spaniels, she was still given a separate name, adding the word "cavalier", i.e. A supporter of King Charles. Since 1955, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have been recognized by the International Cynological Association. However, both breeds are still confused.
Appearance and standard
This is a graceful and free-in-motion dog, about 30-33 cm tall and weighing 5-8 kg. She has big round eyes, an elongated muzzle, high-set ears with decorating locks. The body of the cavalier is not stretched, the back is straight.
The tail is also straight, making up one line with the back. He is in constant motion. Can be docked, although this is not necessary.
The wool of the cavalier is silky and long, but not curly, although a slight wave is possible. On the paws, ears and tail, the adorning coat should be long.
Of course, complete similarity with the legendary ancestors could not be achieved. For too long Charles Spaniels have planted the genes of decorative dogs, in particular pugs. In fact, it was already a new breed with its unique features and characteristics.
Modern cavalier-king-Charles-spaniels have a rather flat head and a very expressive nose. The muzzle reaches a length of at least 3.8 cm, which is quite rare for miniature dogs. Eyes round and widely spaced, but not convex, as in King Charles Spaniels.
The ears, paws and tail of the dog are decorated with an elongated silky coat. The bottom of the body of hair is also long. Can be slightly wavy, but without full curls.
The standard allows four variants of the color of the gentlemen: blanheim (clear red-chestnut marks on the pearly white surface), tricolor (black marks on the pearly white surface), black and tan (black with red-brown marks) and ruby.
Character Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The character of this little spaniel corresponds to his cavalier rank. This is the family's favorite home of the whole family, sociable and loving to be the center of attention. He adores people and, in particular, children. Willingly barking, declaring a good mood. However, he can not be a watchman, because he sees friends in all people.
The main interest in the life of this little dog is communication with its masters. Therefore, without attention, the dog becomes drowsy, falls into apathy, lose interest in entertainment and walks.
She is very smart and always ready to understand what they want from her.
Cavalier is ready to travel with the owners and gets pleasure from it. He loves to participate in children's games with a screech and a cheerful fuss and even stubbornly endures swaddling and skating in a wheelchair. Cavalier does not offend the child, he is very affectionate and patient.
It is suitable for elderly people due to friendliness and ease in content. He is able to adapt to the lifestyle and temperament of any person.
Sometimes king charles spaniels are timid, most often with strangers. They need to get used to becoming playful and gentle. They get along well with other animals in one house.
When maltreated, a small spaniel can bite and protect itself.
It is a calm and obedient dog, originally intended to be a companion.
In general, such a pet is good even for strangers, by default considering them friends. So you can not bring him guarding skills. But he is quite capable of hunting. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels obazhayut to pursue moving objects, whether it is an abandoned wand, a neighbor's cat or a passing bicycle.
So it is necessary to train it for the execution of standard commands. The breed responds well to caress and goodies while training. In addition, she is smart enough, so she learns quickly. And yet, to avoid problems, it is better not to lower the pet from the leash in the city.
The important quality of the breed is their serious need for attention and affection. These dogs do not represent their existence without owners, so they are more comfortable in large families, where they rarely stay at home alone. If they do not have enough communication, then pets can loudly bark, whine and chew furniture. If the situation does not change for the better, the nervous pet will panic fear the slightest parting with the owner.
Sometimes the problem is aggravated by the fact that the pet is not used to people and other animals. Because of weak socialization, he becomes very timid. Insecurity in itself is clearly manifested in unfamiliar situations - a pet can behave aggressively, restlessly or silly.
Maintenance and care
Dogs of this breed are very comfortable in content. It is best to keep them in the apartment or in the house. In food they are not choosy.
This is a fairly inactive breed of dogs and does not need a lot of physical activity. A daily walk is enough.
It is advisable to regularly cut the hair between the toes or on the foot surface. It is also necessary to monitor the condition of the dog's ears. They have poor ventilation in the chevalier and this contributes to the development of otitis .
Of course, the hair of such a pet should be regularly looked after. But it will not take long. It is enough only once a day to wipe it with a brush with a bristle, and then untangle a metal comb and give it a beautiful shape with a comb.
Especially carefully in combing needs hair on the elbows, behind the ears and between the hind legs. It takes no more than five minutes, especially if you do not plan an exhibition career for a dog. Occasionally a dog needs to bathe. More attention will have to be given to its fluffy hanging ears, because there are a lot of dirt accumulating during walks. You need to clean them regularly and cut their wool. The same applies to the pet's paws: so that the cute "panties" are not clinging to dust and debris, wool must be cut. If somewhere the wool is still lost in the coils, do not cut them, especially in the area of the pads. Lubricate the hair conditioner, leave for a while, and then try to untangle. Everything should be easy! Just make sure that the pet does not lick off the product from the coat.
There is a beautiful legend about chestnut-white cavalier-king-charles spaniels. In 1704, the Duke of Marlborough participated in the Battle of Blenheim in Bavaria. At this time his wife was at home in England and very worried about her husband. On her knees, a pregnant dog kept sitting all the time, and the duchess stroked her head with excitement without a break. Finally, good news has come - the husband returns home with a victory. When, after a few days the dog grew older, it was found that in the center of the white "cap" on the top of all puppies a red spot. Since then, this feature is considered outstanding among the breeders.
Small spaniels on average live 10-12 years. Most often in the representatives of this breed there are such diseases as chronic valvular heart disease, Legga-Perthes disease, intervertebral disc disease, hydrocephalus, cryptorchidism, epilepsy.
Jumping off high surfaces, they often get a dislocation of the patella, and because of small growth, eye injuries and such diseases as cataracts , glaucoma, eyelid twitch are not uncommon.
Also, some gentlemen, like dogs with flattened snouts, are prone to problems with breathing and snoring. Their eyes and ears are predisposed to infections, and in some generations there is a syndrome of hanging tongue.
Health Charles Charles Spaniels quite strong. The main thing is to choose a puppy without hereditary diseases, among which are often heart defects, diseases of the knee and hip joints, hearing and vision impairments. In order not to be mistaken, it is necessary to carefully study the medical card of the puppy's parents and his pedigree before buying. And, of course, it is important to take care of the pet to protect it from troubles and not overload with physical loads.
However, regular walks and games to the pet are vital. Without them, he will become sad and begin to gain weight. Because of the predisposition to heart disease, such a turn can end badly.
Try to show the pet to the veterinarian every year. This applies to both young and old dogs. Hereditary eye diseases, including dysplasia, retinal atrophy, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, appear with age. The sooner treatment begins, the more chances of success.
In the American state of California, a cavalier-king-charles spaniel lives, who heals people. The dog Duke has undergone serious training under the guidance of a psychotherapist-trainer, and has been engaged in animal therapy for many years. He is absolutely not afraid of unfamiliar places and easily comes into contact with people. And he was trained not to take food without a team, even if he really likes it. Most often the dog works with victims of fires, among which there are children. His main task is to distract the child from grief and help him to switch.
Price of the puppy
Depending on the purpose of the puppy, its cost can fluctuate quite significantly. A dog that does not claim to participate in exhibitions and breeding costs from $ 800 .
For a potential champion can be asked and 1500 dollars . To buy a puppy is better in the nursery, because there is a guarantee that the dog is thoroughbred and had the right care and all the necessary vaccinations.
Through the centuries
For several centuries in a row, the ancestors of King Charles Spaniels successfully hunted along with their noble masters. They easily and measuredly ran after the horse and could hunt down small game. Later they were moved from kennels to royal chambers - the owners wanted to see their favorites as often as possible.
In a word, these dogs never remained alone, so the thirst for communication is in their blood. Add friendliness, resourcefulness and playfulness here - and you will receive a great companion. The breed is ideal for large families, retirees, people working at home. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will find a common language with any member of the family.
Royal spaniels for centuries have shown their loyalty. It is known that the young princess Victoria adored her three-color pet Desha. They made friends when she was 12 years old. And he died when the girl turned 21 years old. By that time, she had been in England for three years now.
In memory of the deceased pet, the queen wrote an epitaph, which the dogs carved on the gravestone: "There was no egoism in his affection. In his playfulness there was no malice. In his loyalty there was no betrayal. Passer-by! If you want to be loved in life and die sincerely mourned, then letting the dog Dash be your example. " These words are a better description of the character of the cavalier king Charles Spaniel.