At present, Irish setters have no equal in number of livestock among island-type cops. The Irish Setter is a popular hunter in many countries of the world, including the CIS. Moreover, excellent working qualities are combined in it with delightful beauty. They say that "at work" in the marshes and fields it looks more beautiful than at any prestigious exhibition. And at home the red setter is considered a national treasure and cherished as the apple of the eye. Only in Ireland, most of the tribal lines are workers - they are hereditary hunters.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the breed
The name of the breed first appeared in prints 1570-1576. For example, in the study "De Kanibu Britannisi" Dr. Caius. In the book, the scientist cites an extensive classification of British dogs and describes how they helped people.
It is believed that the term "setters" hides a whole group of dogs used for hunting game. Its tasks were to find the location of the prey and to attract the owners there.
This included representatives of various breeds, from which eventually turned out to be a homogeneous type. The ancestors of the Irish setter include Pointer, bloodhound, spaniel and wolfhound. However, this has not yet been confirmed. It seems that the progenitors of the breed will remain a mystery.
Why do setters look so beautiful in hunting? The secret is in their brand stand. Uniyahav in the thickets of game, the dog freezes, stretching forward, and waiting with tension. Interestingly, before the setters lay down on the ground in front of the game, as the technology of hunting was different. The birds were caught by nets - and the dogs had to lie down so as not to scratch on the sinker. By the way, the verb "lie" and formed the Russian word "cops"
Fads of the rich
In 1805, the British Cynological Encyclopedia of Sidengam Edwards was published. This is the first book where you can consider the progenitors of most breeds in the UK. In one of the illustrations, you can see three dogs of different colors. They can guess the types of modern setters, including Irish.
In the 17th century, sport hunting for birds became especially popular, so hunting breeds received close attention. But they were interested only in rich people: they could afford to breed dogs and did not spare money for improving the livestock. It was thanks to the Irish gentlemen that the non-native dogs turned into four-legged professional hunters.
Of course, the rich did not care about the appearance of pets. Working qualities - that was the main thing! But many of the gentlemen conducted detailed diaries about dogs. Here detailed information was recorded on the training of dogs, their nutrition, behavior and skill. And since 1973, there were traditional tribal books with pedigrees and data on matings.
With a handkerchief around his neck
Almost every lord had his own kennel. The breeds in them were considered unique and unique - the rich man was proud of his pets. In addition, the owners often had their own hunting grounds, where the dogs could develop their skills. Immediately weed out weak, disobedient and stupid dogs who could not cope with the tasks.
In fact, the "only one of its kind" pets differed only in color. In the 17th century, lines of red and white setters, belonging to Lords of Waterford, Horus, Dillon, Clencardt, de Freyne and Count Lismore, became particularly popular. They say that the descendants of these animals lived in the 13th century and were adapted to hunt on Irish swamps and hills.
But the main reason for the popularity of red-and-white setters is different: they were clearly visible against the background of thickets during hunting, which can not be said for completely red dogs. Monotonous dogs were often clinging to their necks a white handkerchief so that they would not disappear from sight. In addition, the hunters were afraid to confuse the red setter with the fox from afar.
What does "setter" mean?
The name of the breed was formed from the English word set. In hunting slang it means "to stand still, to make a stand". Therefore, setters have long been called all long-haired dogs in the UK .
How the rocks were divided
The appearance and distribution of the red setters is associated with the exhibition activities of their hosts. The game was noticeably smaller, so that the hunt no longer brought the same joy. But the handsome pets were still the object of adoration. It turned out that dogs with a red coat are better and more profitable on the podium. So in the pursuit of fashion, the breed formed completely.
The first exhibition took place in 1859 in Newcastle. Then the British varieties of setters, including the Red Irish, were represented in the same class. About 60 dogs participated in the show. But after a year the breeds were divided in colors, because in each color there were too many individuals. Each breed received its name from its small homeland.
In 1882, Cecil Moore, a lawyer who was keen on breeding Irish setters, created a breed club. The standard was approved in Dublin in 1885. It was announced a year later.
Famous Setter Palmerston was born in 1862 in a nursery that was famous for its working dogs. He grew up, but he did not show up for hunting. The owner of the kennels Cecil Moore ordered to drown the adult dog, because he did not expect victories from him. The dog was saved by another breeder - Hilliard. He saw how lonely the dog was being led to the river, and bought it for a pittance.
A couple of years Palmerston became the Champion of the breed. The rescued pet was not good at hunting, but had the ideal type that the breeders had long sought. He participated in competitions until his death and gave rise to several breed lines. And thanks to his son Garrioven, Irish setters have become popular all over the world.
As it happened with all service breeds, the Irish breeding was divided into two branches: working and exhibition. For success on the podium it was not necessary to shine in hunting grounds and on sports grounds.
This lasted until 1910. Then in Ireland and England it was decided not to allow dogs to show up without exhibits. Now this recommendation is accepted by the breeders of Belgium and Italy. The British club of the Irish setter in 1998 developed the test rules for pets. And the standard now characterizes the breed as passionate on the hunt.
In the 30s it became clear that a terrible mistake was made when breeding Irish setters. Many dogs developed progressive retinal atrophy. With this disease, the dog began to see badly at dusk, and then completely lost sight. Moreover, signs of eye disease were manifested in puppies of 12 weeks of age. It turned out that the recessive gene is responsible for everything, the carrier of which was Rheola Benedict - a well-known producer of that time. It took several decades to identify the carriers of the gene and remove them from breeding.
The Conqueror of Hearts
Irish Setter is not without reason called the most beautiful hunting dog. Imagine a pet with dark brown eyes, very intelligent, kind and expressive. He is well built, has an elongated trunk and long paws, allowing him to move quickly. On the hunt he moves freely and vigorously, and his stand is expressive, without tension.
But for most modern masters, it is more important not for hunting qualities, but for the appearance of a pet. The business card of the breed is its thick, long red hair. She's pretty shiny and shiny under the sunlight.
The standard does not allow inclusions of black color in the fur coat of the pet, but small white spots on the chest, throat, fingers and head are allowed. On the tail, ears, chest and paws should be pretty stripes with silky strands, and on the front of the legs and head, on the contrary, short.
The height at the withers of an adult Irish setter is 57-66 centimeters in males and 54-63 centimeters in females. Weight - about 32 kg in males and 27 kg in females (see full description of the breed - Standard and characteristics ).
On average, Irish setters live 11-16 years, but they are predisposed to cancer, epilepsy, eye diseases and other health problems - mainly to bloating. This is a life-threatening condition that threatens all dogs with deep chest, but setters especially.
Consequences of the war
Although Great Britain did a lot to keep the setters working line, during the First and Second World War tests of the qualities of dogs were not conducted. Many nurseries were devastated, so that "Irish" with bright hunting qualities began to meet less often. The breed line of show and domestic dogs has prevailed ever since.
The character of the Irish setter
The hunting passion of the setter involves certain difficulties in its content. This is a fairly bold and energetic dog, so for lovers of a measured and calm life it will not work. The pet needs jogs and games, long walks and trips to nature. To curb the independent nature of the "Irishman", you will have to work hard.
With proper training, the obedient pet will be good-natured, affectionate and sympathetic. During trips the pet will show calmness and steadiness. And at home he will joyfully meet the owners after work and will be friendly with any guests. Thanks to the natural sociability, the breed gets along very well with restless children and unfamiliar dogs.
For the same reason, the setters do not get good guards. Without exception, the pet will be perceived as friends. And he can not carry the guard, because from boredom and loneliness he prefers to sleep and will miss any robber. One plus: when you call the door, many setters deafeningly bark - this can frighten a suspicious visitor.
Care and education
Since the setter is quite clever and good-natured, typical training with repetition and a drill does not have an effect. This independent dog does not like rough handling and monotony. We need a soft approach and a system of incentives with the help of food and vigorous praise. Classes should be regular.
Also it is necessary to accustom the puppy from an early age to some procedures. Long hair should be combed regularly. But it is better to arrange bath days as rarely as possible to preserve the beauty of the hair. By the way, during molting, which happens twice a year, you will not find the usual carpet of wool on furniture, because Irish setters do not have a short undercoat.
Be sure to cut the hair between the toes. Hair here is the most delicate and delicate. In an active pet, the wool on the paws quickly gets dirty and gets stuck in the coils. They not only cause discomfort, but can also hurt the pads.
The state of the claws also need to be monitored. Pet prefers to run on the ground, not asphalt. It is possible that even with an active lifestyle, claws will be worn rather slowly. Too long will interfere with movement and can grow into soft tissues of the paw.
Hanging ears often become a victim of otitis, so it is recommended that they be checked twice a month. If the inside of the eyelet is pink and without a sharp odor, then everything is in order. And to facilitate the care of the ears, you can remove the wool from the inside and trim on the outside. If the dog is required to bathe, then make sure that the water does not get into the auricle. It is better to cover it with cotton wool soaked in petroleum jelly.
In the presidential suite
One of the most famous owners of the Irish setter was the US President Harry Truman. His pet, nicknamed Mike settled in the White House immediately after the appointment of the owner to a high post. After Truman, Richard Nixon fell in love with setters. Presidential dog, nicknamed King Timaho, contributed greatly to the popularity of the breed throughout the world.
They say that the Irish setters are ripening very slowly. Only two years old such a dog is considered adult. But from all her relatives she is the most friendly and sociable. In addition, the breed is better than the other setters subject to training. Not surprisingly, even American presidents appreciated it.
Puppies of the Irish setter are sold on average from 15,000 rubles . However, if his parents are winners of prestigious exhibitions, the cost can be from 40 000 rubles and above.