The breed of East Siberian Laika was formed in natural conditions for several millennia. The habitat of the ancestors of the breed were endless Siberian and Ural expanses, on which many nationalities lived. For each people, initially the same dogs were modified depending on preferences and even religious beliefs. For example, somewhere red dogs were valued, in another place black and white. This led to the fact that although there was no targeted breeding, but purebred groups were gradually created.
In addition, northern hunters carefully selected dogs with hunting abilities and did not allow them to cross with other dogs, which could lead to degeneration of the instinct. All this led to the fact that by the end of the 19th century in the northeast of Europe, about 10 breed groups were formed, which received the general name: husky. In 1874 the first exhibition devoted to hunting with dogs was held in Moscow: hunting dogs and horses were represented here.
Further interest in huskies in Russian society can be traced through the example of other events: tests of hives for a horsy bear in Irkutsk and Moscow, an exhibition of dogs for the 50th anniversary of the Society of Hunting. The change of power did not affect people's interest in this breed, as evidenced by the foundation of the military hunting society in 1921 in Moscow.
But not all hounds were destined to obtain the status of a breed officially recognized in Russia and even more so at the international level. The exception is the East Siberian Laika, which has passed an interesting way of becoming and has become one of the most popular breeds of hunting dogs.
The ancestors of the East Siberian Laikas were the hunting and sled dogs of the Evenki group, to which according to some data the blood of the Tunguska dogs was mixed. As a result of the mixing, the breed of interest was formed, and from the beginning of the 19th century one-type dogs were selected for further breeding. Until now, the typical "caramel" color, named after the village of Karam, located in the taiga, in which the dogs were bred black with light tans and light pens.
For the first time, Prince A. Shirinsky-Shakhmatov wrote in the Album of Northern Laek Dogs about varieties of Laikas in 1895. Then the hunter Abramov contributed to the description of the future breed. The temporary standard of four breeds of Laikas, including the East Siberian Laika, was adopted a little later: in 1949. Further development history also contributed to the share of confusion, as the standard for this breed was long-term temporary in the Soviet Union, but later it received official recognition at the international level, and in its country was recognized a year later - in 1981.
The breeding center was Irkutsk, where the first nursery of East Siberian Laikas was opened. Active purposeful breeding began in the 60s of the 20th century, thanks to the activities of rock fans in 1980, the East Siberian Laika received official status in the international cynological federation. Representatives of the East Siberian Laikas participated in the All-Russian competitions of Laikas for wild boar, bear and fur-bearing animals.
Until now, the East Siberian Laika is not a thoroughly studied breed and it seems to be in small groups at the exhibitions. For example, in 2000, only 39 puppies of this breed were officially registered in the RKF. This raises doubts about the veracity of the numerous ads on the sale of puppies of this breed. The fact is that there are several breeds of hawks, and even the amateurs themselves sometimes get confused in their names, spreading this confusion further. Few know how to distinguish West Siberian Laika from East Siberian.
With a total number of hares in Russia, 77.4 thousand in 1981, at the exhibitions traditionally there are very few East Siberian Laikas. In 1995, at the exhibition of hunting dogs in Moscow, there were only 3 likes of this breed.
What distinguishes the East Siberian Laika from the West Siberian Laika
For many ignorant people in this matter, the main reference is the color on which it is easiest to recognize the rocks. For the East Siberian husky is characterized by black and tan color or black monophonic, and the standard of the West Siberian Laika considers such color a serious blemish.
At the same time, there are representatives of red and brown colors in both breed groups, how can they be distinguished among themselves? The "Easterners" are somewhat larger and more powerful by the constitution, have a more coarse body and muzzle structure, and an extended body compared to "Westerners". Also, the breeds differ in the shape of the ears: the "easterners" are allowed slightly rounded ends, the Westerners - always only sharp, the "Oriental" they are set at eye level, and the "Westerners" - higher. Also you can find a whole series of breed differences, but they can be noticed only by real experts. Fans of these breeds also note that the East Siberian Laikas have a more gullible look, whereas their western counterparts are more lively and cunning.
If we talk about the character, the West Siberian Laika are more likely to lead by nature, including a man, which was not noticed by the Easterners.
Nansen Fridtjof, a Norwegian researcher, for his Arctic expedition in 1893-1896 bought 26 East Siberian Laikas.
Standard: basic characteristics of the breed
East Siberian Laika - a dog above average height, strong, but mobile. The growth of males varies from 55 to 64 cm, the female - from 51 to 60 cm. The weight of dogs is from 18 to 23 kg.
The withers are slightly above the sacrum (1-2 cm), the back is straight, the stomach is tight, the chest is wide. The dog is muscular with strong bones and elastic skin without wrinkles.
The head has a wide cranium and a wedge-shaped muzzle, which is slightly shorter than the skull. Scissor bite.
Standing ears are set at eye level, in the shape of an isosceles triangle. The tips of the ears are sharp or slightly rounded.
Fore and hind legs parallel, set, straight. The length of the forelimbs is half the height at the withers. The shins are slightly longer than the thigh.
The long tail is twisted in the ring on the thigh or rises above the back in the form of a sickle. In the straightened position should reach the hock joint, the deviation from this indicator is allowed no more than 2 cm.
The coat is thick and long, on the chest and neck a more voluminous layer of wool is formed in the form of a collar, which is especially noticeable in males. Also, the males can see a longer hair on the withers, forming the so-called nape. For the paws are characterized by "brushes" - short hard hair, making way between the fingers. This feature helps when traveling on snow and ice. On the head and ears, the hair is short and shiny.
Variants of color: white-black, gray, red-white, black-piebald, brown, black monophonic. It is allowed to fall on the feet only in the tone of the main color. The disadvantage is the fawn, white and bright red (red) colors.
The East Siberian Laika are distinguished by late early ripeness in comparison with other breeds of Laika.
Character and hunting qualities
East Siberian Laika are real Russian hunting dogs with a highly developed orienting reflex. This feature means that they easily adapt to the environment during their growth. That is, despite the fact that these dogs were withdrawn in the north, they can easily adapt to a different climate without harming their health.
The owners of the East Siberian Laikas celebrate with their favorites such qualities as boyishness, agility, steadfastness, masculinity. They love movement and show their best qualities during hunting, the craving for which they have in their blood.
In many respects this breed is universal for hunting . It can be tested for work on different animals, especially in the East Siberian Laika, a tendency to hunt sable, ungulate beast, lynx and bear. Masculinity, endurance, physical strength, lightning-fast reaction make this breed an indispensable helper for the hunter.
Although spitefulness towards man and aggression are not typical, but the East Siberian Laika can be used as a watchman who will notify aliens by loud bark.
Features of maintenance and care
Care for the East Siberian Laika is simple, if it is contained in the enclosure. In the conditions of an apartment the content of this hunting dog is complicated by the fact that, firstly, it has an increased need for space and movement, and secondly, it intensively sheds, leaving its rich undercoat on your carpets.
If you are accustomed to lead a calm and measured lifestyle, spend most of your time at work, and are indifferent to hunting, then it's unlikely that you will get along with the East Siberian Laika. It should be planted if not by avid hunters, then, at least, active people who like long walks and jogging with their dogs. If the husky does not find an outlet for her emotions and hunting qualities, she will direct her excessive activity to destroy your apartment.
Many people, influenced by the fashion and appearance of this dog, think that she will be a formidable guard. Then they can be disappointed, since most Laikas treat strangers in the best case indifferently, and sometimes even benevolently.
The East Siberian Laika is endowed with excellent health and does not suffer from hereditary diseases. Moreover, it has the ability to assimilate food better than the various official and decorative breeds, if necessary gorging with a stock. Of course, this feature is useful in emergency situations, for example, during trips for several days to hunt. In other respects, the feeding of the dog should correspond to the usual schedule - 2 times a day for an adult dog. It is noteworthy that East Siberian huskies are not inclined to pick and choose food, which is very convenient for the owner.
Dog training and training
East Siberian Laika, like representatives of other breeds of Laikas, are single-handed and differ in exclusive devotion to their master. In this regard, if you are offered to take already grown-up husky, then be prepared that she will not recognize you and will be very homesick for the former owner.
It is necessary to cultivate a dog from the first days of its acquisition. Therefore, at an earlier age you will take a puppy, of course, not earlier than 1 month, the easier it will be for you to raise it .
First, teach the standard commands of obedience, among which the command should most often sound: "You can not!". So you quickly accustom the dog to order and lay the foundation for further studies. If you intend to use hounds for hunting, then after 6 months of age, the first training programs are used on special ranges, then you begin to drag on a certain kind of beast.
Tips for choosing a puppy
Although representatives of one breed and have similar qualities, but among them more able to hunt, there may be middle hunters, very weak or, on the contrary, outstanding in their wit and working qualities.
Of course, much depends on skillful education, but still genetics plays a major role, so the moment of choosing a puppy is the most responsible. If you do not have experience in this matter, then it's better to take a hunter with you, who will correctly determine the best puppy in the litter.
Do not try to choose the largest puppy, this is not the most correct indicator. In the future, the growth in puppies is likely to equal, but the working qualities do not depend on the size of the dog, so tempted by the largest puppy, you may not notice the most intelligent and passionate hunter.
When it comes to hunting working dogs, it is also important to choose a gender, because the use of a bitch for hunting will be limited to periods of estrus and care for puppies, which can affect your usual habits and hunting plans.
Prices for East Siberian Laika puppies
Purebred East Siberian Laika is not a very common dog. Therefore, it is not so easy to buy a real representative of this breed with a pedigree. It is necessary to keep track of information on the planned matings on the sites of nurseries, to visit the exhibition of hunting dogs, recording contacts of the owners of East Siberian Laikas. Of course, the price of a rare thoroughbred dog, which by the way is in demand abroad, can not be available, so you should have at least 20,000 rubles at your disposal .
There are also lower prices, but here it is already difficult to judge the breed of a dog. On a small puppy it is difficult to determine its correspondence to this breed, and not belonging to the West Siberian Laika or even the Mestizo. But in this group prices are more democratic: from 5000 rubles , and if you are lucky, you can get a real representative of this breed, only without a pedigree.
When buying an adult dog, her working merits are taken into account: huskies working on a large animal cost 2.5 times more expensive than "white-collar", and on average 1.5 times more expensive than sable.