How to teach a dog to walk without a leash?

Собака без поводка: дрессировка, как приучить

Your pet goes on walks only on a leash, because he can not boast of perfect obedience? will tell you how to properly raise a dog so that it can be released with a calm soul from the leash and not be afraid at the same time that the dog will run away and not return, injure or cause harm to someone.

Dog on leash, walk

Why not on a leash?

Of course, you know that a dog of any breed and age should receive a certain physical load. To do this, she needs to run, play with the host and relatives.

On walks, the pet should be given freedom and lowered from the leash in specially designated places, in a forest or park, where the dog will not disturb anyone: Otherwise, the dog will splash out the accumulated energy at home: spoil furniture, whine and bark for no reason.

Letting go of the pet with a leash, many owners often face such a problem: the dog, having felt freedom, stops listening to commands and runs so far away that the owner can not simply keep track of its safety.

I myself have often seen how tired and angry the owner is not the first hour in vain trying to catch a pet, but he does not run into, does not let him fasten himself to the leash. If your walks do not do without such catch-ups, you need to start raising your dog now, until trouble happens.

Establish contact

The first step is to make sure that the dog hears you. If you are not her authority, but only "attendants" who feed and walk, then obedience will be very difficult to achieve.

You have to become friends for each other and companions. That you were for the dog not an "empty place", but really the dominant owner, give it more time, more often and longer walk with it, learn commands.

Sometimes people can not understand why some pets like the instructor-trainer, who trains them, more than their master. The fact is that it is often not enough to provide the dog with food and a roof with a head. For an animal it is important that a person spend a lot of time with him: playing, teaching, walking with him and getting impressions with him.

The dog does not like to walk alone, as a cat does. It is important for a dog to be in the company of a person and to please him. In addition, to establish the right relationship with the dog and achieve obedience, you need to teach her to listen and listen to the host all the time and react immediately to the commands.

Going out for a walk, stock up on delicacy and your pet's favorite toy. Walk with a dog on a long leash, let it distract, for example, to explore the terrain, and then pronounce the nickname of the pet with a calm and benevolent intonation.

At this point the dog should look at you. If he pretends that he does not hear, you need to try to attract his attention with a toy or a treat. When the pet looks at you - praise it, treat it with a small piece of goodies and play with it.

After several similar exercises in the dog's mind a bond is formed: the owner called me-then he wants to give me a toy or food. So, after hearing your name the next time, the pet will immediately look at you in anticipation of a delicious treat or game. Now you can give the dog a command.

We learn the command "To me!"

With the help of a leash, you can control the dog: do not let her run away and take her home at any time. And without ammunition to control the behavior of the animal is only necessary with the help of voice commands or gestures.

You can safely lower the dog from the leash only when you are sure that at the right time the dog will come to you on the first team "To me!"

In order for an animal to develop this skill, while walking on a long leash, name the dog by name. And after she is ready to listen to you carefully, clearly and with an orderly tone command "To me!"

As soon as the dog approaches you, praise him, encourage him with a delicacy or a toy, and then let go of enjoying the freedom by giving the "Gulyai" command.

Do this exercise for a walk 5-7 times more and repeat every day until you achieve the failure of the team's performance.

Then you need to gradually increase the distance from which you will call the dog, remove the delicacy and toy, now encourage the pet's correct behavior only with the words "Good", "Good".

After the dog learns to carry out the command on a leash, the pet needs to be brought into a spacious place with a fairly level landscape (for example, in the park), where people and animals will not prevent you from training. \

Lower the dog from the leash and do the same exercise.

With the successful execution of the team, gradually complicate the situation: train in crowded places, ask strangers to walk near you with their four-legged friend, hide behind trees and buildings and give commands from there when the dog does not see you.

If the dog does not fit the team ...

As you might have noticed, the very process of studying the command "To me!" Is not difficult, but people often face certain difficulties.

For example, the so-called "dogs-not food" do not seek to come running for a delicacy, so the owner without a result repeats the command many times or simply as a result comes to the pet himself.

But this is wrong: the dog will not learn anything. You need to interest him in any way and encourage him to move in your direction.

After giving the command, try squatting. Thus, you will awaken in the dog interest, and it is out of curiosity or desire to play still run up to you.

In addition, you can still clap your hands. Some dogs regard the claps as an invitation to play. Watch your pet and learn its habits - then you can easily understand what it can be carried away.

In no case do not approach the dog yourself and do not chase after it if it runs away. This behavior is perceived by the dog as a game of catch-up, so it will run away with even greater speed. It is better to run away from the dog - and she will follow you, because the animal will be afraid to get lost.

Common host errors

If you can not get your dog to come up to you on the first team, check if you make these popular mistakes.

Multiple repetition of a command

If you said "To me!" Five times and then praised the dog for coming up, the dog will get used to the team. Every time he will obey you after five words "To me!"

Fastening the leash

Do not take the dog on the leash immediately after she completed the command, but let her run a little more on the street. And even more so do not take her home right away. Otherwise, the pet will have such a logical chain: the owner called me - I came up - and he immediately took me home. Next time the dog will not come to you, because he has not played enough yet and does not want to go home.

To avoid this undesirable connection, do not learn the command "To me!" At the very end of the walk so that you can give the pet time to run and play.

Incorrect intonation

The team is pronounced clearly, loud enough, with an orderly but not threatening tone. Animal should not be afraid of you. So that the dog obeys, it does not need to be intimidated. You need to build relationships based on trust and respect.

Punishment after command execution

If the dog came to you not at the first request, but after a while, do not scold her. Otherwise, she will think that you are punishing her for the fact that she came up. The animal can not guess that you are angry with him for disobedience after the first team.

Do not allow these errors - and you will be able to quickly accustom the dog to a stick without a lead.

To walk was even more comfortable, the dog should also be trained to the team "Nearby!".


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