Contain in a city apartment and train can be a dog of almost any breed. It all depends on the maximum inconvenience you are willing to tolerate - both with the household and with the psychological. Features of keeping dogs in a city of different breeds depend not only (and not so much) on the amount of wool in an apartment from a particular breed, but primarily on the characteristics of the psyche of the breed and the nature of the particular dog.
A professional can train many animals, including predatory ones. But there are few people who would agree to live under the same roof with a bear or a tiger, even if it is beautifully trained. But with Rottweiler or German Shepherd, people for some reason perfectly get along, although this is also a serious predator (as, indeed, all dogs).
Why? Training dogs - it's just a person's formation of various motor reactions to certain conditioned stimuli. But for a dog who lives in an apartment together with the owner and members of his family, training is a secondary matter.
Dog maintenance in the city. The most important qualities of a dog
In order for a person to be perfectly at ease with a dog, the dog needs not so much a high degree of training as:
- Willingness to obey the leader of the host - obedience;
- The need to keep close to their "pack" - devotion;
- Ability to quickly change acquired habits - ability to retrain;
- The ability to withstand significant psychological stress while being close to a person - is stress-resistant.
Man in breeding a particular breed of dogs, purposefully selected for the further breeding of these dogs, which, in addition to service qualities, there were necessarily qualities that allow the dog to exist normally alongside a person.
For example, in dogs of one of the most malevolent breeds - Dobermans , more often than dogs of other breeds, there are animals so devoted to their master that they can simply not be passed on even temporarily to outsiders.
We will estimate the forces
Most people when choosing a dog for maintenance in the city come to the conclusion that the optimal solution is a reasonable compromise. On the one hand - obedient, ready to comply with any order of the owner, the dog is of little use, for example, for self-protection of the apartment. On the other hand, the dog is independent, "with character", can become a source of danger for the owner.
But before you bring a good guard dog into the house, the future owner needs to fully assess his strength, to think whether he can become a "leader" for such a dog, whether the dog will pose a threat to himself and his family members.
The necessary conditions for the safe coexistence of man and dog are mutual predictability and controllability. If the dog is controlled, and its behavior in various situations is predictable, then such a dog is convenient for keeping and safe for the surrounding and for the owner. If the behavior of the man himself, from the dog's point of view, is predictable for her, then the dog is not afraid of man, and therefore does not show an innate defensive reaction to him.
Choose a breed, not an appearance
Of course, choosing a dog breed is a matter of taste. But before you buy a dog of your chosen breed, you need to ask the experts for what purposes this breed was displayed. This is necessary to ensure that in the future the owner does not try to teach the Labrador a guard service (the breed has a different instinct in the blood) or do not be surprised if the Rottweiler makes an attempt to bite the master when he tries to drive him off the couch, or to the master Did not waste time on the Doberman's teaching to rush to the front door at the slightest rustle.
Age and safety
Another important issue that arises before the future owner of a dog is the age of the acquired animal. Someone thinks that it is more convenient to purchase an adult dog at the age of about a year, since in this case the owner will be rid of the problems associated with vaccinations, illnesses, teaching the puppy to cleanliness and other inconveniences.
In addition, at this age the young dog can already be trained to perform elementary commands, and, in addition, the character and the exterior of the dog are already finally formed. At first glance, the advantages of such a solution are obvious, however ...
The dog in his mind and perception captures the members of his pack at the age of about five months. All people and dogs, with whom the young dog will get acquainted later, she considers strangers a rather long time. That is why the process of adaptation of an adult dog to a new owner is delayed sometimes for many months and even years.
To subordinate yourself to a puppy, as a rule, does not present any special problems
It's quite another thing - an adult dog. There are animals with complex character, bad habits (often unmanageable), complex fate, details of which are unknown to the new owner. All these factors can become a source of additional danger for the new owner. Of course, there are exceptions to any rule, but when it comes to large breeds of dogs, it is better not to risk and buy a puppy after all.
Preparing a puppy for urban maintenance
When communicating with a puppy, you need an affectionate, but reasonably demanding treatment, restraining unreasonable quickness.
Learning to equip. The collar, leash and muzzle should be a signal for the puppy to go out for a walk. In case of refusal to wear a collar (leash, muzzle) the puppy should be distracted by a delicacy, a game, a toy and try again. Continue to accustom this way until the collar will not be dressed freely.
Teaching to calm behavior before going out
Puppies with increased excitability should be given some time to manifest their enthusiasm, naturally, within reasonable limits, then by a strict command to force him to stand motionless, standing or sitting. In this case, the owner must keep the equipment in his hands so that the puppy sees him.
After the procedure of dressing equipment, the puppy and the master together go to the front door. When the puppy tries again to indulge, jump or otherwise interfere with a calm movement, it is necessary to calm him by a strict prohibiting team or to stop and calmly wait for the attack of irrepressible fun.
Before opening the door ...
To ensure that the puppy does not interfere with the owner to mess with locks and latches, it is best to put him by the command "Sit" or "Stand" near the door. Open the door as quickly as possible so that the puppy does not stay too long, because he can not stand a long steady state.
Opening the door ...
The owner misses the dog from the apartment on the command "Forward", but, holding her by the leash, gives the command "Sit" or "Stand". Next, he makes actions to close the doors, while watching for the puppy, suppressing the appropriate commands by all his wrong actions, or waiting for complete tranquility.
In a house without an elevator ...
If there is no elevator in the house, after the above actions the owner takes the puppy in his arms and at a calm pace descends the stairs. If the puppy can already go down the stairs on his own, then he does it next to the master also at a calm pace. If the puppy starts to hurry, the owner restrains the puppy with the help of easy pulling of the leash and commands "Quiet", "Nearby".
Before the door of the entrance, a mandatory stop is made on the command "Stand". To force the puppy to sit down in front of the door of the entrance is undesirable, especially the bitch, since the floor in front of the general entrance to the house is probably not as clean as before the apartment and can be a source of infection.
In the house with elevator ...
In order not to frighten the puppy, the owner at first takes it in his arms and enters the elevator. While waiting for the elevator, the puppy can be on the floor, but preferably in a standing position (for hygienic reasons).
After exiting the elevator, the puppy descends to the floor and moves with the owner to the entrance door. The host's actions are the same as in the above paragraph.
Continuation of the topic read in the next article here