The breed Deutsch Deutsch (German woolly coarse) was bred in Germany in the late 19th century. It is well known that her ancestors were German short-haired scammers , griffons, shtichhelhaars and pointers . The main distinctive feature of the breed was hard wool, which was reflected in its name: drachhaar in German means "wool".
Despite the fact that draathaar is considered to be a German breed, there are no references or descriptions of dogs with hard wool in the books of German hunters of the 16th and 18th centuries. But such dogs were in Northern France, where they most likely got to the territory of South Germany.
French griffons with hard wool crossed with smooth-wooled German cops, gradually forming a new breed. Since the ancestors of the breed were similar in appearance, the formation of a new breed species also happened very quickly. In addition to hard wool for them was characterized by broodage - the presence on the face of eyebrows, mustaches and beard.
German waxed coarse-wool
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
The first information about bristly cops is found in 1797, and in 1813 Baron Borch gives a description of bristly dogs. In 1829, there is another confirmation that even then the smooth-haired and bristly paws differed as two different breeds. About this says Carl Kegel in the guide about dog training.
In the 30s of the 19th century, undeserved persecution began on the woolly coarse-wooled ones. German hunters are fond of setters and other English dogs, forgetting about their own breeds. So, Ziegler, in his book calls them ugly externally and with mediocre hunting qualities, advising them to cross them with setters.
This led to the fact that bristly dogs were preserved only in the south-west of Germany: in the Bavarian mountains, in the upper reaches of the Rhine and Main, in Nassau and Hesse. Here they were valued as versatile dogs, which were of great benefit to man. In the summer they grazed herds, in the autumn they hunted with hares, and in winter on a wild boar.
Also they were irreplaceable guards and watchmen, searched for the smell of hidden or lost things. Even then it was noted that they have a very developed hunting instinct, which is inherited. Even if the dog was not used for hunting, and lived in the courtyard of an ordinary peasant, then it cost her to fall into the hands of a hunter, she became to him an excellent assistant. They were especially appreciated for the silent search, which is so important in forest hunting. Then the drachhaars were also called hard beards.
Many valuable information about the breed was left by the researcher Bekman, who described these dogs and accompanied the descriptions with drawings. A serious contribution to the development of the breed was made by a chocolate manufacturer from Frankfurt am Main, a Frenchman by origin, Franz Bontan. This man had sufficient means to engage in the breeding and popularization of the breed.
It was not easy, because among the hunters there were many Anglo-men, whose camp was headed by Prince Solmes, the owner of the pointer and setter nurseries. Therefore, Bontana often had to give puppies to familiar hunters, as they say now, on terms. He cared very much about his dogs and demanded that they be returned back in case of inability to use on the hunt because of injuries.
In 1878 an exhibition was held in Berlin, which clearly showed the decay in which the German breeds of dogs are located. The answer to this was the formation in Germany and Austria of societies that set themselves the goal of reviving national breeds. In the same year, 1878, the Frankfurt Dog Show was held, in which only 2 bristly paws were represented. In 1882 they were recognized by local breeders as a special breed, one after another began to appear breeders, looking for typical producers. Soon the breed draathaar comes into fashion and spreads throughout Germany.
The breeding of these dogs is very active, as evidenced by the Munich exhibition in 1886, in which 30 representatives of the breed participated. At this time experiments are conducted in breeding, based on various visions of the breed. In particular, a version is put forward that the woolly coarse pug is a more ancient breed than the smooth-haired ones.
It is also proposed to unite all the puggies regardless of the type of wool in the common breed, which will be called the continental leg and include French, German and Italian varieties. There are statements that French griffins and German wireworms are one breed, and their puppies should not be considered half-breeds. Such versions were of practical importance: most hunters did not like the prospect of paying big money for puppies of a new clean bristled breed.
But, despite this, at the congress of dog handlers in 1885, resolutions were adopted that determined the fate of the breed.
- Rigid horns are dogs of German origin, which differ from French and Italian griffons, as well as Polish water dogs.
- The new breed of dogs is called bristle-haired.
- Any viscous German bristle-haired dogs with other cops are considered illegal, and puppies from such matings are called mestizos.
But after the decisions of the congress, it was still not clear the standard of the breed. After a long period of crossing with smooth-wooled and long-haired brodly cops, there were many different specimens that did not conform to the same standard.
The first breed standard was developed and adopted only in 1890. Then breeders began to unite in the organizations, the purpose of which was the improvement of the breed. The time of official birth of the breed is 1902, when the draathaar was first introduced to the public.
The first association of lovers of doj drathaars was established in 1904. After in 1924 the first breed standard was adopted, the dogs were exported abroad. During the war and in the postwar years, there was no time to closely monitor the breeding of the breed, so the gene pool became more diverse. In 1949, a new standard was adopted permitting a single infusion of blood from other German police, only in 1965 the infusion of other blood ceased, and the breed was completely formed.
In the USSR, the breed became popular after the Great Patriotic War, when a lot of trophy dogs were brought. At present, there are clubs in our country that unite connoisseurs of the breed, for example, the St. Petersburg club "German drachhaar". The breed is popular in Europe and America.
Standard of the breed draathaar: basic characteristics
According to the FCI standard, a typical draathaar looks like this. This is a noble dog belonging to a group of pugilious dogfriends. At the exhibitions and tests not only the exterior, but also the working abilities are assessed.
Movement smooth, sweeping and noble.
The case is approximately square. The index of stretching can not exceed the height at the withers by more than 3 cm. Height at the withers of males: 61-68 cm, female: 57-64 cm.
The head is harmonious in size with respect to the body. Has a wedge shape. The skull is moderately wide with somewhat rounded lines and well-defined superciliary arches.
Nose with open nostrils, completely pigmented.
The muzzle is long and deep, with a slightly noticeable humpback.
Lips do not hang, but snug against the jaw.
Scissor bite. Teeth are strong, their location and number fully correspond to the tooth formula.
Eyes are desirable dark, not convex and not deeply planted. The look is expressive and attentive, conveys the energy of the dog.
Ears are of medium size, widely spaced and highly planted.
The neck is muscular, slightly curved.
The withers are well pronounced. Line of back slightly inclined from withers to croup.
Back and waist are muscular and strong.
Tail of average thickness, for hunting it is desirable to stop it. If it is not stopped (in some countries there is a prohibition on stopping the tails of dogs), then it should reach the hock joint.
Forelegs straight, firmly under the body. The blades are skewed. The shoulders are long and dry, with well-defined muscles. Paws well assembled in a lump with hard pads.
Hind legs look parallel in both the stance and in motion.
The coat is short and very stiff. Tightly adheres to the skin. The contours of the body must be clearly visible and not hide in wool. There is a dense undercoat, which is not permeable to water. On the face should be eyebrows and not too long beard.
Color is allowed brown with gray hair, black with gray hair and gray. The first two types of color can be spotted. Also a variant of brown color with a white spot on the chest is possible.
Drathaars never freeze. With them you can hunt in any weather in the most inaccessible places.
The character of the German drathaara
The nature of this breed is closely related to its hunting purpose. Therefore it is very important that the dog has a typical character for the breed. Otherwise, she will not be able to show her hunting qualities. This drachhaar is distinguished by a firm and undaunted character, but at the same time he is easy to manage and obedient. All his determination and energy is realized on the hunt, and not in order to try to dominate the master.
Drathaar is not cowardly, but he is not aggressive, although he is more malicious and distrustful of outsiders compared to other cops. He has a developed sense of territory, and he is able to be a good guard. The complaisant character of the drathaars makes him a good friend not only for hunters, but also for members of their families, especially for children. Therefore, this breed even began to be started as a companion, and not for hunting.
But after all, only a draathaar who can hunt can truly reveal his character. These dogs adore their master, but until a complete mutual understanding arises between a man and a dog, one must go through a difficult path. Drathaar is clever and clever, but it's not as easy to train as one might think. A person will need perseverance, consistency, patience and experience.
This dog is not one of those who can lie all day and look out the window. They must necessarily be occupied with some work, their vital energy is so great that they can work or play for days on end. A dog needs a company of a person, is alone and is bored, which is evident in the chewing of interior items or in shoes forgotten in the hallway.
Дртахаары like to play with children: in football, in догонялки and other cheerful inventions. With such a dog you will never be bored. They are so attached to their master that they constantly feel their attentive eyes on themselves. They lie side by side and watch you: suddenly, in the next second you will give them some task.
This breed is intended for hunting, but can perform many other functions. We can say that the draathaar can do everything: from circus performances for children to the protection of their territory and master. But still it is of particular interest to hunters.
In terms of the number of awards in working trials, the drachhaar is the leader among the cops.
Hunting with drathaar
Drathaar is an excellent universal hunter, which is confirmed by real hunting situations and awards at competitions among hunting dogs. By the number of victories in the competitions, the drathaars have long outstripped the other cops. Especially they are promising for hunting waterfowl. But if desired, you can train them in the hunt for a large beast: boars and moose, hunt in the field for quails.
The drachhaars help their hard wool, making them insensitive to the boughs of trees and shrubs, through which you have to make your way in search of game. Dogs of this breed appreciate their ability to quietly search in the forest and the opportunity to reach the most inaccessible places in the marshes or in impenetrable thickets. They are trained to collect game through gestures and whistles, which increases hunting efficiency.
Also drathaars can lead a host to a wounded large beast. They are characterized by a leisurely search with elements of horse and trace manners. Drathaar can be used for paddock and bumble hunting only after serious training, because at the sight of the beast they are too early to break into the chase, which is dangerous to get injuries from the beast or to hit the line of fire from hunters.
Maintenance and care
In general, this breed is unpretentious and does not cause difficulties in care. They can be kept in the apartment or in the courtyard of the house, but on condition of street maintenance they grow a thicker undercoat. The presence of such undercoating will protect dogs from colds during hunting for waterfowl in the cold season.
Wool drahahaarov has the ability to self-cleaning, so they need washing only in exceptional cases. The more so that wetting such a dog is not just due to the characteristics of the coat. It is enough to brush them once a week with a stiff brush. Some owners prefer to simply shear wool several times a year, so that care is less troublesome. Дртахаары abundantly molt, therefore if in such periods they are not combed, wool will be much in your house, and on clothes.
Traditionally, in domestic cynology, it was believed that dogs, especially hunting, should be fed only with natural food. However, foreign experience has proved that feeding with ready dry food does not impair the hunting abilities of dogs. Therefore, the choice of food is left to the owners.
Although in food these dogs are unpretentious and eat almost everything, it is not necessary because of this to save on food and put them on bread with water. They need a high-grade food, high in protein, which will feed the dogs' natural energy. At the same time, they can not be overfed, since a loose, slowly moving drachhaar is a sad sight for all lovers of hunting.
From other pugnaks, the draathaar is distinguished by a fiery temperament and the presence of protective and protective qualities.
How to choose and where to buy a puppy?
Of course, most drathaars are bought by hunters, for which the working qualities of the dog are important. Therefore, they acquire puppies on the recommendation of other hunters from working parents. If you are a beginner hunter or just planning to become one, then you need to take an experienced person with you, or buy a puppy from a trusted breeder who practices breeding by all the rules. In our country there are not so many registered drathaars, and in the year only a few hundred puppies with documents are born.
It should be noted that the puppy's RKF metric is not just a piece of paper for exhibitions, but a confirmation of his hunting origins. Although, on the other hand, the possibility of falsification of pedigrees of documents is not ruled out. Therefore, it is better to purchase a puppy from people who are members of breed clubs. Ideally, the puppy's parents should have certificates of participation and awards in various hunting competitions, for example, diplomas in field or swamp game. In this case, there can be no doubt about the puppy's hunting instinct, which necessarily manifests itself under the condition of special training.
For a hunting dog, gender is important. If you have only one dog, it's better to take a dog that you can always take on a hunt, and then you do not have to skip the season because of the estrus or pregnancy of the female drathaar.
When choosing a puppy, it is recommended to pay attention to its behavior. Normally, he should be sociable and not show signs of cowardice with various external stimuli. An important point is the age at which to purchase a puppy. This breed has a high rejection rate at an early age. Therefore, it is recommended to purchase a puppy at the age of 3.5 months, when it is already possible to accurately say about the presence of marriage .
Cost of puppies
The average price for puppies of drathaara, purchased through breed clubs, is 15,000 rubles.
Wool drahahaara for stiffness is compared with wire.