Bordeaux dog is bred, like a dog with an iron grip. If he has it, then he is beautiful. Do you still doubt this? Well, let him not pretend to the dog title "Mr. Universe", but it can not be denied that his face is very cute, capable of building terribly funny mines.
He, like Mastino neapolitano, comes from a guard dog. Both breeds are very ancient. But on this the similarity ends. They say that he has the face of an old boxer. Yes, it probably can not be called a handsome man, if we proceed from the generally accepted canons. But his head is absolutely functional, because in ancient times he was a fighting dog. And now is an excellent watchman and protector. It is necessary to know that in dog breeding beauty is a function. All the rest is unnecessary beauty.
Bordeaux Great Dane
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
In the dog, as in man, the main character. And in this the Bordeaux dog will not yield to anyone. His tenderness for children is unlimited. He does not just tolerate them like most dogs, he really loves them and enjoys them in their society
Only when the Bordeaux dog is forced to raise an alarm, he becomes terrible. Usually it is enough to have one of its harsh views to scare off uninvited guests. If you have to fight, the dog will never back down. But that's why he was taken for this. His past is the past of a fighting dog .
Standard and character
In 1896, veterinarian Pierre Mengem published a short book about the Bordeaux dog, which in fact gave the first standard of this breed. Ten years later Professor Kunstler, who taught comparative anatomy, published the most detailed work "A Critical Study of the Bordeaux Mastiff", which contains a standard more accurate than the modern one. Because of its accuracy, the 1910 standard remained virtually unchanged for 60 years. Only in 1971, Raymond Rivere made the third standard, which he also in 1993 reworked in accordance with the requirements of the federation of dog breeders. The last edition was made by this federation in 1995. We will only outline the main provisions of the standard:
The Bordeaux dog has the typical appearance of a guard dog with a rounded skull, that is, with a short muzzle. He has rather short limbs. Head very voluminous, rather short, angular, with a powerful lower jaw. Bite with protrusion of upper teeth over lower ones. Teeth large and strong. The ears are hanging with a slightly rounded tip. Eyes are oval. The nose is very wide, the nostrils are open. The neck is muscular and strong with folds, or with flaccid skin. The chest is very wide. The limbs are powerful and muscular, absolutely vertical. The tail is thick, at the base narrowed toward the end. It should not hang below the ankle. The movements are powerful, but smooth. Growth at the withers from 60 to 68 cm from the cables and from 58 to 66 cm in bitches. Weight not less than 50 kilograms in males and at least 45 in females.
What is today the Bordeaux dog? He is unfortunately considered a biting and very aggressive dog. But in fact, this is completely untrue. Bordeaux mastiff did not touch much the debate over the past few years about whether dogs are dangerous to a number of breeds. But the extremists want some of them to disappear from the face of the earth. Bordeaux mastiff was not included in this number, since he is little known outside of France. However, there are people who consider him a potential killer and eager for his destruction.
In fact, the Bordeaux dog as well as many other undeservedly accused dogs are balanced animals tied to the host family, showing endless patience to children. Yes, he was once a fighting dog, but firstly not by choice, secondly, he fought only with animals.
The descendants of fighting dogs do retain some aggression, but in relation to other dogs, and not to humans. A dog is not an object, not a fighting machine without reason and without feelings. A dog is a sensitive, intelligent and thinking being. Her behavior and manifestation of character can be adjusted by the master, just as a child can be raised by parents.
Education and training puppy
The mastrel, raised and brought up with a loving and reasonable share of firmness, will never become a beast. He will be a calm animal, although his formidable appearance always makes a huge impression on those who see him. Of course, the mastiff usually does not show love for his own kind, especially for members of his gender. But if the dog is properly socialized, that is, it is often introduced to other dogs, allowed to play with them, he quickly learn the rules of peaceful coexistence.
When we talk about a puppy, we mean a very small animal. In nature, socialization takes place from the 8th to the 16th week of life. It is in this short time that the little ones learn the relationships with the rest of the pack, learn the rules of canon gallantry and ritual movements that restrain the aggressiveness of their fellows.
This movement, for example, is a fall on the back, as a sign of surrender. In the Middle Ages, the owners of fighting dogs did not have a high culture of dog breeding, since there were no sciences about animal behavior at that time. And yet they felt that the adult dog was ready to fight to the last drop of blood, a puppy he had to live several months away from his own kind. Over time, the Great Dane breed became more a game than a fighting dog. To avoid doggy conflicts with other dogs, we must do the opposite of what was done in the Middle Ages.
The puppy should communicate more often and play with other puppies, then he will consider them friends, not enemies. Of course, an adult dog may have other, serious reasons for a fight. For example, the struggle for the female or for the territory. But there is a difference between a male dog that can fight another dog under certain conditions, and a dog that rushes indiscriminately at all four-legged, whom he sees, without hesitation, whether they are rivals to him or potential wives. To avoid groundless pugnacity, it is enough at the right time to socialize the puppy. The same rules apply to dogs and humans.
If the puppy meets many people, it can be among them, if they pat it, it will never become an angry and aggressive dog . If he realizes that a person is his friend, he will also show friendliness to him. Some people believe that a well-socialized dog can no longer perform its guard functions. This is a mistaken opinion. A dog that does not know a person will necessarily be afraid of it, as her ancient instinct tells her.
In this case, the dog guarding the yard will certainly bark or even bite the stranger because of a sense of fear, but only while the stranger is outside the gate of the courtyard. As soon as he decides to enter the courtyard, the barking guard will flee. A socialized dog is not afraid of a person, but that does not mean that she will always be friendly with him.
If a person allows himself to enter without permission to the dog's territory, offends her master or his loved ones, he will get acquainted with her teeth. The instinct of the territorial animal causes the dog to bravely defend the place in which he lives. However, only a dog who is not afraid of man is able to fight with him in case of danger.
There is another category of people, also poorly aware of the characteristics of this breed. They breed the Bordeaux dog because of its awesome appearance and then bring its aggressiveness to the limit, disrupting the balance of its character. Alas, the dog is a dog, not a machine gun. Those who need an evil beast, a deadly four-legged weapon, often forget that a dog, even the fastest and most cruel one, is a living being whose strength is not unlimited.
It, for example, can not resist the bullet, even if we raise it as aggressively as possible. We conclude: the one who needs complete security - let him settle in an underground bunker, and leave the dogs alone. The same who needs a relative but effective protection from the dog, can well educate his dane in kindness and tenderness, allowing him to play with children and be fond of his friends. From this, the service qualities of the dog will not suffer. On the contrary, it will become more reliable and true. Perhaps, these qualities are not necessary for all people, but the owner can not but convince that a dog that has grown up in love will be happy.
Maintenance and care
The main thing is that he lives near the owner and his family. Guard dogs should not be engaged in grazing or hunting. They are created in order to be close to a person, to protect, love and protect it. Bordeaux mastiff better realizes his qualities and will be happy if he can live side by side with the owner.
Therefore, as often as possible, he should enter his house. Of course, the dog has a solid size and like many guard dogs, it often drools. A man who aspires to have a sparkling house is not the most suitable host for the Great Dane. But he loses a lot. Brilliant floors will not warm his heart as it is the muzzle of an old boxer, like these eyes, glowing with love. Word, let each of us make our choice. However, we do not advise starting a Bordeaux mastiff in order to keep it only in the courtyard for protection. In this case, he will not be satisfied. Do not go to the other extreme. The Mastiff does not have to live at home all the time in four walls. His physical data requires movement, especially in adolescence, when his skeleton and muscles develop most rapidly.
Because the dog is heavy, it rarely participates in running for distillation. But being in the open space, it moves a lot, albeit with an average speed. It helps her to grow. If we limit its mobility, it will affect its physique - there will be awkwardness, an unpleasant disproportion in the size of the head and trunk. It is pleasant and very difficult to grow a Bordeaux dog. Like all heavy and squat dogs, he can develop curvature of the legs, especially the forelegs, which must withstand the weight of a powerful chest. Breeders are trying to grow impeccable puppies, using only the best manufacturers. But excellent genetic work can easily be spoiled by mistakes in nursing or feeding. Error - keep the dog in a small room. Another big mistake is to overfeed it, make it get fat.
He should always have fresh water at his disposal. You can not make a puppy move too much. Up to 4-5 months, he must perform only voluntary movements and not be subjected to training, which is more difficult than accelerate its development. Like all heavy, fast growing dogs, a Bordeaux dog dog needs a lot of energy, just for the growth process. Perhaps the Bordeaux dog is not handsome, especially in the opinion of those who do not understand anything in dog breeding, but he is a dog with an unforgettable appearance.
Friendly in the family, but harsh with those who threaten him this charming French boxer - the embodiment of the main qualities of the guard dog. He is created to serve man. He is happy only next to him. And this union is unbreakable until the end of his life.