Chihuahua gives the impression of a tender baby. However, this is a false impression. This is a very ancient and strong breed of dogs and with proper care, she rarely has serious chronic diseases.
The most common diseases of chihuahua include: hypoglycemia, mitral heart valve dysplasia, hydrocephalus , pulmonary stenosis, demodicosis, urolithiasis, epilepsy , undescension of the testicles in the cables, rheumatism of the bones, traumatic dislocation of the kneecap, progressive retinal atrophy, difficulty in childbirth and problems with Teeth and gums.
Symptoms and signs of Chihuahua
To notice that the dog is not healthy, it is necessary to look at its external reactions.
Such features are:
- Lack of appetite for 1-2 days,
- temperature increase,
- Loss or excess weight,
- Uncontrolled urination,
- Presence of parasites,
- Discharge from the nose and eyes and stuff
In the presence of such signs of ill health, the animal must be shown to the vet. Only an expert should accurately diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Prevention and other diseases of Chihuahua
It is necessary to closely monitor the chihuahua's walking, so that in the cold season the dog is not supercooled. Because a neglected pulmonary disease can occur in the animal due to neglected acute respiratory disease. Therefore, if the dog coughs, sneezes, her eyes are watering and appetite disappears, it should be urgently treated.
In old age dogs of this breed can have cardiac insufficiency and usually it ends with a lethal outcome. Symptoms of this dangerous disease are cough and shortness of breath, in the late stages - blueing of the tongue and gums, intermittent shallow breathing.
Loss of appetite and diarrhea in the dog are the first signs of a disease of the digestive system. And the cause of the disease can be not only the wrong food, but also hypothermia. First, the dog is cleaned of the gastrointestinal tract, and then taken for treatment. For cleaning, she is forced to drink a spoonful of castor oil forcibly. Pour strong tea or a weak solution of potassium permanganate into the bowl for drinking water.
Long time is treated for chihuahua demodicosis , which causes scabies mites. This infectious disease, as a result of which the dog falls hair, there is a strong itch, loss of appetite, and on the body appear wound. This disease is dangerous for a person, so it requires urgent treatment and preventive measures in the house. It is necessary to conduct general cleaning, burn or disinfect the litter.
Dogs of the Chihuahua breed are the only ones who are born with an underdeveloped skull. Only by 3-4 months is its final formation. Because of this physiological feature, these animals are predisposed to hydrocephalus.
The most frequent diseases in the chihuahua of the oral cavity are pulpitis, caries, tartar , retention cysts, periodontitis, and fractures of the lower jaw also occur. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the teeth of this dog from an early age.
In newborn puppies, hypoglycemia is often observed and care should be taken to ensure that they have enough milk and the puppies do not remain hungry. The fact is that because of hunger, the blood sugar level decreases, which can lead to a hypoglycemic attack. This disease can occur due to stress associated, for example, with moving the puppy to a new place of residence or excommunication from the mother.