It is generally believed that large dogs are animals whose weight in adult age exceeds 26 kilograms. The growth of large breed dogs at the withers should exceed 60 centimeters . The most popular representatives of large breeds are the German Shepherd Dog, Eastern European Shepherd Dog, Riesen Schnauzer, Rottweiler. Sometimes separate separate so-called giant breeds of dogs , the height at the withers exceeds 75 centimeters. Such breeds include mastiffs, Irish wolfhounds, Great Danes, St. Bernards, Central Asian and Caucasian shepherds, Moscow watchdog and others.
Features of keeping large dogs
Such dogs are quite difficult to keep in an apartment, they need enough space, so they often live in houses. The common problem of large dog breeds is the danger of disproportionate development of body parts due to too rapid growth. So, for example, a puppy of a German dog for the first year of life should increase the mass of his body by 100-150 times! Because of such a fast set of mass in large breeds of dogs, the risk of abnormalities in the bones of the paws is great. Therefore, literally every day a puppy's life is important for the proper formation of the body. During this period, the nutrition of the puppy is limited by the amount of fat, increasing the protein content of animal origin.
In large breeds of dogs, there is much less heart mass in relation to the whole body, compared to medium breeds of dogs and small, and, therefore, the load on the heart is increased. Therefore, their life span is one-third shorter than in small breeds, and nutrition should be rich in B vitamins, potassium, unsaturated fatty acids (fish oil).
The dog diet of large breeds should be balanced to avoid obesity. With the same problem should help fight walks.
It is best to strengthen the health of large breed dogs with a sufficiently long exercise with moderate instantaneous loads.
By temperament, most large dogs are phlegmatic. It is fraught with calluses and even decubitus, when the dog lays in one pose for a long time. Because experienced cynologists advise to do the dog massages and make her change her posture.
List of large breeds of dogs from A to Z with photo
See the alphabetical list of large (large) dogs: