Bolognese - a unique breed of dogs , both in terms of appearance, and in terms of their temper. Miniature pets from the group of bishops will become faithful companions, get along well with other animals, are caring nannies for children. The breed is well suited for families as well as for single people. It can be kept in the apartment, the pet is completely unpretentious in the care. The breed has many advantages, which determines its enviable popularity.
History of the dog Bolognese. A furry charm comes from Italy
The breed has noble roots and originates from the time of the Italian aristocracy. The nearest relatives of pets are maltese . The first representatives were withdrawn in a small town of Bologna, which served as the name of modern animals. Official evidence of the existence of miniature dogs dates back to the 12th century, which gives grounds to classify Bolognese as one of the oldest breeds.
The peak of the popularity of the breed is the gap between the 12th and 17th centuries. At this time, Bolognese often crossed with other miniature dogs from the group of bishops. At the end of the 17th century, the fashion for keeping fluffy dogs changed, which led to a sharp reduction in their number. The breed has not disappeared from the face of the earth thanks to a new wave of popularity, but already in the middle class of Italians.
In the 18th century, cute pets were distributed to Holland, France and Spain. They were bred exclusively as decorative pets without working skills. In the same period, merchants brought Bolognese and Russia, where the pets begin to settle palaces and chambers of noble ladies. Official recognition of the breed was received only in 1955, after which its representatives were admitted to international exhibitions and competitions.
- Height at the withers - up to 31 cm;
- Weight - up to 5 kg;
- Life expectancy - up to 14 years;
- Head - round form, flat skull, contrasting transition from forehead to muzzle, straight back of nose, square outlines of anterior part of muzzle, large size of nose;
- Eyes - large size, round shape, color - dark ocher;
- Ears - set high, hanging form;
- Body - square outlines, dry and sinewy neck, broad chest with bulging ribs, wide croup, tight stomach;
- Limbs - are set broadly, short, paws are oval in shape, claws are painted black;
- Tail - long, thrown on the back;
- Wool - a long coat, are found as pets with straight hair, and with curls. Undercoat is absent;
- Color - the traditional color is white without any coloring.
Bolognese dog was displayed as a decorative pet , so her character fully corresponds to the word "companion". This incredibly people-oriented pet, shows an increased affection and care for the household. Without attention often falls into depression, needs a constant company.
The animal gets along well with the children, however it is recommended to start the breed in families with children over 6 years old. Otherwise, children's games can injure a fragile and defenseless dog. Bolognese is great for people of advanced age, because they do not need frequent walks.
The breed has a rather shy character. In the company of strangers the dogs feel trapped, they tend to hide in a secluded place. The puppy needs lessons from early socialization, otherwise the isolation of the breed can develop into aggression.
Despite the small size, Bolognese is a good guard. Pets are very sensitive and have good hearing, so they will always warn the hosts about the guests' visit loud barking.
Animals get along well with other pets, and as the only pet. Bolognese has the makings of circus actors, they quickly and easily give in to training. Pets will not get bored of the same type of teams, do not lose interest in training.
Typical diseases of the breed Bolognese:
- Dislocation of the knee;
- Pathology of the structure of lacrimal ducts;
- Incorrect growth of eyelashes;
- Inflammation of the gums;
- Inflammation of the cornea;
- Food allergy.
Features of dog care breed Bolognese:
- Wool - despite the thick coat, care for it is reduced to a minimum. Wool must be combed once a week. Regular haircut is not mandatory and is at the discretion of the host. Dogs practically do not shed;
- Hygienic procedures - it is recommended to clean the ears with a cotton swab, maintain the purity of the eyes, brush your teeth. Frequency of procedures is every few weeks;
- Clipping of claws ;
- Menu - experts advise to pay attention to dry food. Using this type of food, you insure yourself against the appearance of food allergies in the pet. Home cooking should be 60% composed of food of animal origin. It is allowed to dilute the diet of Bolognese porridge, cooked vegetables and cottage cheese. Do not give the animal carrots, which will make the dog's white hair dull;
- Habitat - you can get a dog in almost any housing conditions. The apartments are well suited for keeping a miniature Italian. Walking can be short - about 20-30 minutes a day.
Choosing and training puppy Bolognese
When purchasing a puppy, it is recommended to contact a specialized breeding nursery. Almost all Bolognese kids are sold with documents and breeding rights, as the breed is decorative and is intended for participation in the exhibition.
When choosing Bolognese, one should be guided by the basic rules: cheerful and inquisitive nature of the animal, playfulness, absence of secretions in the ears, good appetite. The average cost of Bolognese starts at $ 1,200 . The price can be significantly lower if there are spots of other colors on the fur coat of the pet. However, in this case the pet will not be allowed to the exhibitions.
Immediately after the puppy is established, it is necessary to visit a veterinarian. The fact is that the breed is sensitive to various ailments, especially eye diseases. Therefore, she needs regular vaccinations, as well as antihelminthic treatments.
Bolognese is recommended to be trained from 5 months. When bringing up, use a loyal approach and tasty encouragement.