A boxer is a strong, muscular, very energetic dog. This is one of the most hardy and strongest breeds of dogs in the world. Due to these qualities, the boxer often works in the police or guard. The boxer is very popular, because - this is one of the best breed for families with children. Presumably, the boxers were so named because of their interesting habit. They fight with their front paws like boxers. It immediately shows him sad or cheerful.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the breed
The Boxer is a distant relative of the Rottweilers. The progenitors of boxers hunted wild boars, deer and even bears. Thanks to a tick-shaped bite and a huge head with a broad muzzle, the four-legged hunter could easily hang on the victim and not close his teeth for long minutes. However, the same ferocious dog could easily turn into a peaceful shepherd, guarding cattle on the stretches.
Trapping dogs were cultivated in all parts of Europe until the 18th century. For example, in Germany lived two varieties. Large specimens were called Danzig Bullenbeysers, and smaller ones were called Brabant. The latter became the prototypes of the modern boxer.
The word "Bullenbeyzer" is translated as "biting bulls". This was the name of all the pickling dogs of the country, which were quite different both in color and appearance. In the Kunstkammer of St. Petersburg there is a scarecrow of such a dog. Once Peter 1 st personally brought him from Holland. Even a person with a developed imagination is unlikely to guess that this is the distant ancestor of the boxer.
Dog Winston is just a dog, but he regularly donates blood. In American veterinary clinics, animals often have to make a transfusion. And the boxers have a universal blood group, suitable for dogs of any breed. So Winston saved many lives!
Dog with two noses
The habitual appearance of the breed began to form only in the 18th century. Monochrome red or tiger dogs without white spots had the same wide and shortened muzzles as those of the Molossian ancestors. The upper jaw was shorter than the bottom, so the dogs could simultaneously hold the victim's teeth and breathe. Even then, the ears and tails were cut off to pickling dogs - the most vulnerable parts of the body.
These bull-balls, as before, participated in the hunt. Usually they waited in ambush, and when the hounds drove the beast out, they threw all the pack at the bulls. The pickling hunter had to keep the victim until the owner came up and slaughtered it. Therefore, the centuries-old breeding of the breed was oriented towards the development and consolidation of working qualities.
A new variety of bullionbearer was named "Boxer", and after a few decades the word turned into a "boxer". Some individuals had a distinctive feature - a furrow on the nose. Sometimes it was so deep that it seemed as though the nose was divided into two halves. Such dogs were called bipedal and were considered to be true boxers. One of the first famous owners of the breed was the Bavarian bandit Mathias Klosterman. There are many engravings, where he is depicted with his favorite dog. Surely such a pet made a stunning impression on contemporaries. In 1771 Mathias in the company of his gang and faithful dog made a loud robbery in Dillingen.
Princess and doggie
The progenitors of the boxer appeared in the paintings of Russian artists. For example, in 1825 A. Bryullov portrayed Princess Golitsynu along with her pet Brabant's Bullenbeyser.
When firearms appeared, public baiting of animals fell under state ban, and pickling dogs were sent to retirement. The breed was interested in butchers and cattle traders - they saved the boxer from oblivion. The soldier turned into a shepherd and guard.
To improve the working qualities of dogs that have changed their qualifications, they began to be reduced to old English bulldogs. From the last boxer received a wide body and a large short head, as well as white spots on the wool.
Unfortunately, until the end of the 19th century, the merchant dogs in Germany were treated with disdain. When in 1893 a proposal was made to include a bullionbaker in a pedigree book, breeders of other breeds resented in chorus.
The lawyer of the four-legged shepherd was the authoritative trainer Friedrich Robert, who had already faced boxers before. His experience has shown that representatives of the new breed coped better with most tasks than community-recognized pickling dogs.
Thanks to this, in 1985, boxers were allowed to participate in the exhibition. At the same time, with the support of Robert, a German box club was established and the first edition of the breed standards was developed. A year later the first All-German breed exhibition was opened, in which 50 individuals with different color and appearance were represented.
Some of the dogs exhibited had a wolf mouth. Others looked more like bulldogs. Still others had an elongated body and a long snout. So the standard was not once specified and changed. For example, white individuals were excluded from it, which were often born deaf.
Sculptors of the breed
However, at the turn of the century the boxer was added to the pedigree book, and he became so popular in Germany, which often outnumbered other breeds at exhibitions.
Changed approaches to breeding bullsease. Previously, the breeders were interested only in working qualities, and now the real artists ... have come to work. In 1910, the Shtokman family presented the public with a sculpture of the ideal boxer of the future. The creator of this image was Ms Friederum Shtokman. A year later she, together with her husband-artist Philip, opened a private nursery "Von Dom", where she tried to translate her fantasies into reality.
The family faced many obstacles on the way to the ideal. At the beginning of the First World War, Philip went to the troops, and Mrs. Friedermum remained alone with the baby in her arms and a whole nursery at her side. Fortunately, she survived two wars and avoided bankruptcy. And she managed to create a modern type of boxer.
Called to the Army
In time of war, the boxers themselves also carried out a successful service. For example, during the hours of the First World War, they mastered various specialties: from a four-legged signalman and a medical attendant to the guard. In 1917 the German army was assisted by 60 boxers trained in Bavaria.
As a rule, German boxers have tails tied, so they wag the entire back and it looks very funny. Boxers were withdrawn in Germany around 1850, crossing the German and English bulldogs . Originally, boxers were used as a fighting dog for dog fights and for bull ravaging. But over the decades, its aggressive qualities have been eliminated. Currently, the boxer is an ideal family dog. He is good-natured and playful. They adore children.
However, babies need to be careful with young, agitated individuals who can accidentally knock them off their feet. Dogs of this breed need serious physical activity. They can live well in an apartment only on condition of regular and thorough exercises twice a day. Otherwise, their unspent energy can find the wrong way out. The German boxer is sensitive to heat and therefore on hot days you should avoid strong physical exertion.
Representatives of the breed are more compact and lower than their close relatives Rottweilers, but they look very impressive. Proportions of the body form a square. The sculptured forms of the boxer will come strong bones and well-developed musculature. That is why in every his energetic movement, strength and nobility are felt.
The shape of the head reminds of the ancestors who participated in the persecution of animals. The cranial part has a cubic form and a slight convexity from above. The transition to a massive and snub-nosed muzzle is quite harsh.
The lower jaw protrudes 1.5 cm. Fleshy lips hang on the sides. The nose is amusingly twisted and slightly flattened.
At the dawn of the formation of the breed, the tail and ears always stopped. When the boxers were removed from the classes of persecution, the tradition decided not to cancel. Many thought that after such manipulations the dog gets a more elegant look. But in 2002, in many European countries, the operation was prohibited. So the breed standards had to be re-written.
But, the permissible color did not change for many decades. The boxer can have a tiger or red coat of any shade with a black mask. Allowed white marks, occupying not more than 30% of the body surface. But about the boxers, albinos are unending disputes. Objective evidence that white individuals are more likely to be born deaf are not obtained, but this color is still not included in the standard.
The dog in science
Scientists from Cambridge University uncovered the complete genome of the dog and advanced in the field of natural selection research by studying the DNA of a boxer named Tasha.
The character of the German boxer
Boxers have a strong nervous system, an easygoing character and a bright temperament. He is good-natured towards all family members, easily goes to contact and enjoys the attention of the owners. At home, she usually acts calmly, but likes to frolic at liberty. Frequent physical activity is a prerequisite for maintenance. Energetic representatives of the breed adore long walks, during which they are ready to participate in any entertainment. Natural curiosity does not give them peace. Studying the territory, the boxer will drive his nose on the ground, like a vacuum cleaner, and fun puff. But, most likely, he will not go too far. The owner and friend, with whom you can share your joy 24 hours a day, is more important to him!
There is a characteristic of cockiness. A boxer can easily get along with a cat in one apartment, but will aggressively stick with four-legged brethren on the street.
The boxer generally perceives the stranger cautiously. It may bark for warning, but it will never fill with long barking. He has all the qualities of a fighter: strength, agility, courage - so thoughtful training will make him an excellent guard dog.
With all this, the boxer has some kind of childish spontaneity and surprising sensitivity. In the family, he prefers not to aggression, but to humor and charm from a young age. The dog will quickly figure out which of the households can lure a delicious candy, who will never drive her off the couch. So when educating the cunning, you should show consistency. It is better to agree on interdictions in advance.
The boxer is suitable for beginners or for those with whom he will be the first dog.
Dogs of the breed boxer lived with the artist Pablo Picasso, actors Sylvester Stallone and Robin Williams, singer Alexander Vertinsky.
Care of the boxer
A boxer needs a lot of your attention, and in the care he is quite unpretentious. Short hair does not get confused and does not get confused, so it does not need to be combed often. Bathing is also desirable to avoid. If during a walk the fur coat is smeared, you can rinse the dirty area with warm water.
Pay special attention to the eyes of the dog. Keep a soft handkerchief ready to remove the seeds of grass, dust and a lacrimal secret from time to time. Ask the veterinarian to prescribe a soothing ointment, which you will treat the dog's eyelids, even with mild redness.
Boxers have an excellent appetite, which is fraught with obesity . Therefore, try to adjust the nutrition of the pet and do not feed it with slices from the table! Remember, at the sight of eating this saliva begins to develop in abundance.
Joy for all
He is a great companion for a big family, a sensitive and playful friend, and also - a real service dog. The Boxer does not tolerate loneliness, he needs long walks with games and in competent training.
But, believe me, great responsibility is worth the effort and time. After all, this is a truly wise and addicted dog that gratuitously shares its joy with others.
Price of puppies
The cost of puppies of German boxers with a pedigree starts from 15 000 rubles and above . If the baby has titled parents, winners of various exhibitions, then the price will start from 30,000 . If you need a companion dog, just for the soul, then you can buy a pet without a pedigree. The cost of such puppies will not be more than 10 000 rubles .