The Belgian Shepherd has 4 varieties. Grünendahl with long black wool, tervuren with long red hair, malinois with short red hair and a woolen lacenoy . Of these 4 varieties, only lakinua is not recognized by the American club Cennel. The presence of several varieties of the same breed of the Belgian sheepdog is due not to the different natural conditions in which they were bred, but solely by the conscious efforts of dog breeders who managed to consolidate the morphological characteristics of the breed for slightly more than a decade.
In this particular case, a man managed to create four kinds of dogs, differing from each other in color and fur coat, but identical in morphology and disposition. And all this is due to the study of the laws of genetics, which inspired the first breeders of the Belgian Shepherd.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Standard and character of the Belgian Shepherd
From the end of the 19th century and for almost 20 years, the director of the veterinary school, Professor Reil, was engaged in breeding the breed, to which until then there was no standard. Without his research and experiments, small dogs of different colors, until the end of the 19th century, accompanied the sheep in the pasture, would undergo a qualitatively different evolution. Having spread all over the world, the Belgian Shepherd has managed to conquer the hearts and minds of dog lovers with her gracefulness and remarkable properties of character.
The head of the Belgian Shepherd has a clear outline. It is quite long and dry. Skull and muzzle are approximately the same length. The nose of the nose is black, with wide nostrils. Forehead moderately convex. Eyes of medium size, not convex and not sunken. The form is close to the amygdala. The look is lively, direct and intelligent. Ears have a triangular shape, are located high, stand erect.
The height at the withers is 62 centimeters, the trunk is powerful, but not heavy. The chest is not very wide, but deep and lowered, like all animals with great endurance. Croup slightly sloping, wide, but not too much. The forelimbs have a compact skeleton and a dry, strong musculature. Paws round, with dense and elastic foot pads. The hind legs are powerful. The hips are broad and muscular. The shape of the paws approaches oval. The tail has an average length, strong at the base. The coat is plentiful, thick with a fluffy undercoat.
Thirvuren has long wool, black and red with a black mask. Malinois has short hair, black and red with a black mask. The grunendal is long and completely black. Lakinua is stiff, red, blackish on the muzzle and tail.
Possessing an excellent sense of smell and comprehension, the Belgian Shepherd can be used for sentry purposes. She is distinguished by her sociability, affection for the owner and affection for the children. The totality of these qualities distinguishes it from other breeds, and therefore it is necessary to encourage and cultivate in it these natural properties. Sheepdog, derived on the basis of careful selection, by nature will no doubt be an ideal specimen of the breed, by nature possessing excellent makings and impeccable poise.
Puppies education and training
The owner of the Belgian Shepherd must use all his insight and receptivity to understand the psychology of this dog. Given a good relationship between the owner and the animal, it is much easier to train a Belgian sheep dog than any other breed. Natural resourcefulness and lively curiosity make it exceptionally receptive to the commands of the host.
Nowadays this beautiful dog is used as a watchdog, but in the depths of its being, the spirit of that little dog of the shepherd who accompanied the sheep to the Belgian pastures still lives.
The decision to include a Belgian Shepherd puppy in your family should be carefully weighed, guided by a number of considerations. To ensure the harmonious and healthy development of the dog and that no less important is proper upbringing, it is necessary to give her enough space and a lot of time.
Once you figure out these questions, go on to the next, of which the main is for what purposes you are going to use the dog. In any case, before acquiring a puppy, it is advisable to get advice from an experienced dog breeder who has devoted years to breeding these dogs. Ideally, the puppy should be taken at the age of 10 to 16 weeks, since it is the puppies of this age who prefer to be given to the owners by those who breed them.
In addition, during this period the puppy is already large enough and it is possible to put the first vaccinations. And yet, at this age the puppy is already capable of learning. Another important aspect is the choice of gender. Many are convinced that there are fewer problems with cables than with bitches. However, in the bitch, the estrus occurs twice a year, which in general is only 30-40 days, when as a dog that smells a bitch at a distance of several kilometers, is concerned and sexually aroused throughout the year. In addition, the bitch is kinder and calmer than a male and, as a rule, is more obedient. But the dog is more impressive, quick and much more independent.
The Belgian Shepherd can be an excellent guard and watchdog, but due to her intelligence and versatile abilities, she can also become a magnificent exhibition specimen, a reliable guide for the blind and of course a cheerful and devoted friend for all family members.
Raising a puppy requires considerable effort from the owner. In the first months it is important not to bother him during the rest and try not to bore him with a game, or with too long walks. The puppy must first of all grasp his nickname well, learn to walk on a leash and cope with the need for a once and for all established place.
The nickname should be as short and distinct as possible. Over time, the puppy learn to associate his nickname with caresses and attention. At this stage, you do not need to call a puppy on a nickname when you make a note to him while playing or eating. Otherwise, he will be reluctant to respond to the nickname, because it will be associated for him with unpleasant sensations.
In the process of dog training, do not resort to coercive measures. Try to act by persuasion and belief.
A long process of adapting to life next to a person has trained dogs to food not of animal origin. It should not be forgotten, however, that the dog is inherently carnivorous, and therefore the basis of its diet should be the noble proteins that are contained in the meat. The diet of our four-legged friends should include such nutrients as proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and mineral salts. On sale already there are ready products, whose structure is picked up with such calculation that to satisfy all needs of a dog in food.
Ready-made food allows you to build a dog's diet in accordance with its real needs, and provides the right balance between the main nutrients.
Care and maintenance
The presence in the house of the Belgian Shepherd requires compliance with certain rules of hygiene. Remember that you should not bathe it too often, because even special dog shampoos can spoil the animal's hair. Woolen cover can lose its inherent stiffness and opacity. The fact is that the coat of the Belgian Shepherd should not be too silky and shiny.
If you want to get rid of the characteristic canine spirit, use the available means, trying to spend them as economically as possible. Avoid also bathing puppies that are not one year old, as they can catch a cold.
It is necessary to dry the wool regularly. The comb for combing the Belgian Shepherd must have fairly rare teeth, so as not to tear out the hairs of the wool and the undercoat. The comb must be driven slowly and only by wool. The brush in turn should be stiff, but not very thick.
Brushing an adult is carried out once a week, the puppy twice a week. But in no case should you not trim the dog, as this will give the Belgian sheepdog an unconventional appearance and the wool will no longer grow to the desired length. Care for the coat is also used to prevent infection. The fact is that between the hairs of the wool and on the skin mites, fleas and pruruses can start. Ears, eyes and nose are cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in warm water.
The Belgian Shepherd needs space. And if after sunset it makes sense to keep her at home, then during the day she is against. It is advisable to let her be outdoors, beforehand providing shelter from the wind and rain.
Health and disease
The guarantee of good dog health, primarily depends on the proper planning of vaccinations . The vaccine against parvovirus is administered at the 6th week of the puppy's life, and then repeated on the 9th and 13th weeks and on the 6th month. Vaccination against sap, hepatitis and leptospirosis is scheduled for the 8th week and is repeated at the 3rd and 6th months.
For vaccination against rabies, the puppy must reach 6 months of age. All these vaccinations are then repeated once a year. The most common of the gastrointestinal parasites are worms. Measures against worms are taken on the 20th day of life simultaneously with the mother, and then repeated in about 15 days.
For the timely detection of intestinal parasites, it is necessary to do fecal analysis every 3 months. A particularly dangerous disease is cardiopulmonary filariasis, which is widespread mainly in marshy areas with an abundance of mosquitoes, the main carriers of this disease.
The parasite, which penetrates with the bite of the most common mosquito, penetrates into the heart and pulmonary artery of the animal, leading to a fatal outcome. Symptoms, as a rule, are manifested with delay and are expressed in a sharp weakening of the activity of the animal. There is no vaccination against cardio-pulmonary filariasis. But special preventive measures can destroy larvae introduced by mosquitoes 30-60 days before the onset of the disease.
Graceful and strong Belgian Shepherd Dog belongs to the number of service breeds of dogs accustomed to living in the open air. Being a born shepherd, this breed also possesses all the qualities necessary for the watchdog and guard dog. Vigilant and attentive, she excels herself in a variety of service functions.
Due to its qualities, the Belgian Shepherd is not rarely a champion in agility competitions. During these competitions, the dog must overcome all obstacles located on the stand territory, in a pre-selected direction for a limited period of time.
This is a rather difficult examination, which the Belgian Shepherd usually gives with a shine, due to its excellent behavioral characteristics. Vivacity, ingenuity and quick reaction make this dog an inseparable companion of a man whom he rightly can be proud of.