History of the origin of the English Bulldog

Бульдог. История происхождения породы Английский бульдог

English Bulldog derives its origin from the legendary Tibetan Great Dane, who is considered the ancestor of all modern breeds of guard dogs.

He was huge and, as Marko Polo noted, the ability to cope with any enemy - be it beast or man.

Diluted and carefully guarded by the inhabitants of inaccessible plateaus, he was later taken to other parts of the east, where he gave rise to various types of guard dogs . One of the oldest images of a dog with typical features of the Great Dane came down to us in the form of a bas-relief found in the Assyrian city of Nineveh.

It depicts a warrior holding a giant war dog. As in all other countries of the world, in England there was a tradition to organize animal fights among themselves or with people. And although this way of spending time was popular since ancient times, the first reliable reports of battles between dogs and bulls are dated only 1199 year. Reports of battles of this kind are found already in 1133 during the reign of Henry II.

However, the first truly reliable message can be considered exactly what relates to the year 1199. According to the chronicler, the ruler of the city of Stamford, walking around the neighborhood of his castle, witnessed the attack of two dogs belonging to a butcher, on a bull, who in turn desperately defended himself, trying not to hit the dirt in front of a nearby cow.

The dogs rushed at the bull and chased it through the whole village, biting and pushing, until the matter finally ended in a fierce battle. Feodal liked this spectacle so much that he granted the butchers' guild the part of the land where the battle of animals took place, with the condition that the butchers annually organize a similar battle on it. Such battles, called boulbiting, quickly spread through the United Kingdom and the number of fans gathered around the fenced areas where the fights took place, grew steadily.

Very soon every town, every village had its own site, on which dogs and bulls converged in brutal and bloody battles. Due to his maliciousness and exceptional fighting qualities - the result of the brutal selection that he was subjected to by people, the English Bulldog became a fighting dog and began to be used for fighting other animals, and even talking to people. The usual opponents of bulldogs in the period from the 14th to the 19th century, except for the bulls were bears, monkeys, badgers, lynxes, donkeys, lions and other animals.

When such entertainment was banned, an English bulldog was threatened with extinction. They tried to use him as a watchdog, but the individuals of that time were distinguished by excessive malice and physical strength, and therefore the use of bulldogs in this capacity was also prohibited by law.

Several individuals who remained in the hands of the organizers of secret battles and various scammers were therefore considered dogs of criminals. Only a small group of lovers of this breed of dogs continued to disinterestly breed English bulldogs and preserved for us a dog in which a lot of unique qualities are concentrated.


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